Novorossiya


Novorossiya
A map of what was called New Russia during the time of the Russian Empire. The parts of Novorossiya that are now in Russia are not shown.
A map of what was called New Russia
History of Russia
Coat of arms of Russia
This article is part of a series
Volga Bulgaria (7th–13th)
Khazar Khaganate (7th–10th)
Rus' Khaganate (8th–9th)
Kievan Rus' (9th–12th)
Vladimir-Suzdal (12th–14th)
Novgorod Republic (12th–15th)
Mongol invasion (1220s–1240s)
Tatar Yoke (13th–15th)
Grand Duchy of Moscow (1340–1547)
Tsardom of Russia (1547–1721)
Russian Empire (1721–1917)
Russian Provisional Government / Russian Republic (1917)
Russian SFSR / Soviet Union (1917–1991)
Russian Federation (1992–present)

Russia Portal
v · d · e
History of Ukraine
Coat of Arms of Ukraine
This article is part of a series

Ukraine Portal
v · d · e

Novorossiya (Russian: Новоро́ссия, Ukrainian: Новоросія; literally New Russia) is a historic area of lands which established itself solidly after the annexation of the Crimean Khanate by the Russian Empire, but was introduced with the establishment of Novorossiysk Governorate with the capital in Kremenchuk in the mid 18th century. Until that time in both Polish and Russian, the area was well known as the Wild Fields. It roughly covers modern territories of southern Ukraine, southern Russia, Bessarabia.

The western part of it (between the Dniester and the Dnieper rivers) was known as Dykra in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and subsequently the province of Yedisan, an autonomous region of the Ottoman Empire, and was previously inhabited mostly by ethnic Tatars Nogais who moved in the area during the Golden Horde conquest.

The Russian Empire gradually gained control over the area by peace treaties with Cossack Hetmanate and the Ottoman Empire at the conclusion of the Russo-Turkish Wars of 1735–39, 1768–74, 1787–92 and 1806–12. It also forcefully liquidated the Free lands of Zaporizhian Sich as they became inconvenient for Russian colonization. The colonization of the land at the end of 18th century was led by Prince Grigori Potemkin who was granted the powers of an absolute ruler over the area by Catherine the Great. The lands were generously given to the Russian dvoryanstvo (nobility), and the enserfed peasantry mostly from Ukraine and fewer from Russia were transferred to cultivate what was a sparsely populated steppe. Catherine the Great also invited European settlers to these newly conquered lands: Germans, Poles, Italians, Greeks, Serbs, and others. Over time the people living in eastern regions have developed a more pro-Russian orientation. In the former New Russia, the Russian language is common in cities and some areas outside, while Ukrainian is more prevalent generally in rural areas, smaller towns, and villages. With its history, the ethnic composition varies, including communities of Greeks, Bulgarians, Armenians, Tatars, and many others.

New cities founded during colonization included Novorossiysk, Yekaterinoslav (now Dnipropetrovsk), Nikolaev, Kherson, and Odessa. Also the cities such as Mariupol and Staryi Krym (Donetsk oblast) that were founded on national basis reflect the ethnic composition in the region.

In modern terms it encompasses Donetsk Oblast, Luhansk Oblast, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Zaporizhia Oblast, Mykolaiv Oblast, Kherson Oblast, Odessa Oblast and Crimea in Ukraine, Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai, Rostov Oblast, and the Republic of Adygea in Russia.

In the 2006 Ukrainian parliamentary election, the Party of Regions, which often speaks out on behalf of protecting Russian language, gained a majority in the regions of southern Ukraine where the region of Novorossiya used to exist.

See also

References

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Russians in Ukraine — Infobox Ethnic group group = Russians in Ukraine caption = S. Korolyov • I. Sikorsky • N. Pirogov S. Prokofiev • M. Bulgakov • I. Mechnikov poptime = In the 2001 Ukrainian census, 8,334,100 identified themselves as ethnic Russians.cite… …   Wikipedia

  • Odessa — For other uses, see Odessa (disambiguation). Odesa (Одеса) Odessa (Одесса) Potemkin Stairs …   Wikipedia

  • Vladimir Dal — Владимир Даль Володимир Даль Dal s portrait by Vasily Perov Born …   Wikipedia

  • Rus (name) — This article is about Rus as a name. For information the Rus people, see Rus people. Name of Russia redirects here. See Name of Russia (Russia TV) for the television programme. Originally, the name Rus (Русь, Rus’) referred to the people,[1] the… …   Wikipedia

  • New Russia (disambiguation) — New Russia may refer to: New Russia (trading post), a Russian fur trading post on Yakutat Bay, Alaska, established 1795 and destroyed by the Tlingit in 1805. New Russia, a hamlet south of Elizabethtown, New York, near Lake Champlain. New Russia… …   Wikipedia

  • Kherson Governorate — Херсонская губерния Херсонська губернія A historic map by cartographer Yuly Shokalsky. Capital city Nikolayev (1802 1803) Kherson (1803 1922) Area 70,600 km² (1920) …   Wikipedia

  • Veniamin Kagan — Veniamin Fedorovich Kagan ( ru. Вениамин Фёдорович Каган) (10 March 1869 – 8 May 1953) was a Russian mathematician and expert in geometry. He is the maternal grandfather of mathematician Yakov Sinai. BiographyKagan was born in Shavli, Imperial… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Tekeli — Infobox Military Person name = Peter Tekeli caption = Russian General in Chief Peter Tekeli. Engraving from 1787, exhibited in the Pushkin All Russian Museum (Всероссийский музей А.С. Пушкина), Saint Petersburg. born = 1720 died = 1792… …   Wikipedia

  • List of mayors of Odessa, Ukraine — Throughout Odessa Ukraine s history, the office of Novorossiya Governor and Odessa mayor was closely aligned and often was held by the same leader. Mayors of Odessa Ukraine[1] Mayor Term Governor General of Novorossiia Term Notes Zheleztsov,… …   Wikipedia

  • Zone de Residence — Zone de Résidence Antisémitisme Fondamentaux Définitions : Antijudaïsme · Antisémitisme · Judéophobie Allégations : « Peuple déicide, perfide et usurier, profanateurs  …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.