- Adélie Land
Adélie LandTerre Adélie Motto: Liberté, égalité, fraternité Anthem: La Marseillaise Capital Dumont d'Urville Station
Official language(s) French Government - President Nicolas Sarkozy - Administrator Rollon Mouchel-Blaisot French overseas territory - Discovered 1840 Area - Total 432,000 km2
166,796 sq mi
Population - census 33 (winter) Currency euro (
Time zone UTC+10 Internet TLD .tf Calling code 262
Adélie Land is the portion of the Antarctic coast between 136° E (near Pourquoi Pas Point at ) and 142° E (near Point Alden at ), with a shore length of 350 km and with its hinterland extending as a sector about 2,600 km toward the South Pole. It is claimed by France as one of five districts of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, although not all nations recognize this claim. The land area, mostly ice covered, is estimated at 432,000 km².
Since January 12, 1956, there has been a permanently staffed French research base at , Dumont d'Urville Station, with a winter population of 33, which goes up to 78 in the Antarctic summer. The first French station, Port Martin, was built April 9, 1950 at , but destroyed by fire the night of January 22 to 23, 1952. Port Martin hosted a winter population of 11 in 1950 and of 17 in 1951.
France has also maintained an inland station on the Antarctic ice sheet, 320 km from the coast and from Dumont d'Urville Station, at an elevation of 2400 meters, Charcot Station (named after Jean-Baptiste Charcot) at , built for the IGY 1957/1958, in operation from January 1957 to 1960, which housed only three men. The station was largely dug into the snow to protect it against the strong winds.
The coast was discovered in 1840 by French explorer Jules Sébastien César Dumont d'Urville, who named it after his wife, Adélie.
Adélie Land was the filming location of the documentary March of the Penguins.
- Fire destroys station in Antarctica, French expedition's loss, The Times, January 26, 1952.
- ^ "Mesures d’ordre individuel" (in French). Portail du Gouvernement - site du Premier ministre. Government of France. 3 September 2008. http://www.premier-ministre.gouv.fr/acteurs/gouvernement/conseils_ministres_35/conseil_ministres_3_septembre_1374/mesures_ordre_individuel_60928.html. Retrieved 2009-01-31.
Districts of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands Overseas departments and territories of France Inhabited areasSpecial status Uninhabited areas Pacific Ocean French Southern and
Antarctic territorial claims Current Proposed Former Antarctica Main articles Geographic regions Waterways Famous explorers
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