Chandpur District

Chandpur District
Chandpur
চাঁদপুর
—  District  —
Location of Chandpur in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°12′50″N 90°38′10″E / 23.2139°N 90.6361°E / 23.2139; 90.6361Coordinates: 23°12′50″N 90°38′10″E / 23.2139°N 90.6361°E / 23.2139; 90.6361
Country  Bangladesh
Division Chittagong Division
Area
 - Total 1,704.06 km2 (657.9 sq mi)
Population (1991)
 - Total 2,210,162
 - Density 1,297/km2 (3,359.2/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 - Total 37.8%
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
 - Summer (DST) BDST (UTC+7)
Website Chandpur(চাঁদপুর জেলা)

Chandpur (Bengali: চাঁদপুর)is a district in east-central Bangladesh. It is located at the mouth of the Meghna River. It is a part of the Chittagong Division. The town of Chandpur is terminus of a metre gauge branch of Bangladesh Railways. It also has a water terminal situated here.

Contents

Geography

Chandpur district has a total area of 1704.06 square kilometers. It is bounded by Munshiganj District and Comilla District on the north, Noakhali District, Lakshmipur District and Barisal District on the south, Comilla District on the east, and Meghna River, Shariatpur District and Munshiganj District on the west.

Chandpur is the confluence the Padma River (the main branch of the Ganges River) and the Meghna River, which meet near Chandpur Town. Important tributaries of the Meghna River flowing through Chandpur are Dakatia River, Dhanagoda River, Matlab River and Udhamdi River.

Subdivisions

Chandpur has 6 municipalities, 60 wards, 195 mahallas, 7 upazilas, 1 thana, 87 union parishads and 1226 villages. The municipalities are Chandpur Sadar, Shahrasti, Motlob, Changer Char and Hajiganj. The administrative subdivisions called upazilas are:

  1. Chandpur Sadar Upazila
  2. Faridganj Upazila
  3. Haimchar Upazila
  4. Haziganj Upazila
  5. Kachua Upazila
  6. Matlab Upazila
  7. Shahrasti Upazila

Religious composition(1991)

The district of Chandpur consists

  • 3620 mosques,
  • 128 Hindu temples,
  • 16 Buddhist temples and
  • 03 churches.

Education

Chandpur holds a number of educational institutions such as Schools & Colleges.

Institutions are:

  • 1.Al-Amin Academy School & College,Chandpur
  • 2.chandpur govt. college
  • 3.chandpur govt. girls college
  • 4. Protyashi R.A High School
  • 5.Hasan ali Govt. high school.
  • 6.Matripith govt. girls high school

Population

2210162;

male & female

  • male 48.67%,
  • female 51.33%;

Religion

  • Muslim 92.55%,
  • Hindu 7.18%,
  • Buddhist 0.06%,
  • Christian 0.07% and
  • others 0.14%.

Archaeological heritage and relics

Rasti Shah Dargah, Begum Mosque, Hajiganj Bara Mosque, Suja Mosque, Alamgiri Mosque, Mada Khan Mosque, Kalimandir at Matlab, Math at Lohagara, Math at Naorai, Math at Tultuli (Kachua), Raths at Sachar and Matlab, Pata of Behula at Ujani, ramnants of the fort at Nasir Court, Kali Bari at Meher, Neelkuthi at Shahebganj, Baraduara at Kasimbazar, Kalibari Mandir (1878) at Chandpur Sadar.

Literacy and educational institutions

Average literacy 37.8%; male 42.7%, female 33%. Educational institutions: university college 1, government college 2, non-government college 36, primary teacher's training institute 1, government high school 6, non-government high school 224, madrasa 1157, government primary school 786, non-government primary school 684, mass education school 76, BRAC school 28, community school 61, satellite school 37, kindergarten school 11, government deaf and dump school 1.

Locally published newspapers and periodicals

Dainik Chandpur Kantha, Dainik Chandpur Darpan; Weekly Chandpur, Weekly Chandpur Sangbad, Weekly Rupasi, Weekly Dibachitra, Weekly Hajiganj; extinct- Nababanga (1947), Alo (1947), Weekly Annagram (1960), Bharat Hitashi, Rakta Palash, Raktim Surya and Mohana.

Cultural organisation

  • Club 460,
  • public library 9,
  • cinema hall 12,
  • theatre group 14,
  • literary society 5,
  • park 2,
  • youth organisation 45,
  • cooperative society 3129,
  • voluntary organisation 451 and
  • women's organisation 15.

Main occupations

Agriculture 35.13%, fishing 3.03%, agricultural labour 20.04%, wage labourer 3.15%, commerce 12%, transport 2.24%, construction 1.64%, service 11.68%, others 11.09%.

Land use

Total land 167009 hectares,

  • cultivable land 112210 hectares;
  • fallow land 48311 hectares;
  • single crop 15.03%,
  • double crop 59.93% and
  • treble crop 25.04%;
  • land under irrigation 60921 hectares.

Land control

Among the peasants 22% are landless, 27% marginal, 39% small, 10% intermediate and 2% rich; cultivable land per head 0.08 hectare.

Agriculture

Crops grown in the area include paddy, jute, mustard seed, supari (nut), wheat, potato and sugarcane.

Formerly,[when?] linseed, sesame, kaun and china, local variety of rice, varieties of dal (pulse) were also important crops.[citation needed]

Mango, jackfruit, papaya, banana, papaya, coconut, palm and guava are grown.

Fisheries, dairies, and poultry farms also exist.

Communication facilities

Roads

  • pucca 215 km,
  • semi pucca 91 km and
  • mud road 1407 km;
  • railways: 50 km;
  • waterways: 190 nautical mile.

Traditional transport

Palanquin, bullock cart and horse carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.

Manufactories

Jute mills 11, rice and flour mill 185, ice factory 14, cold storage 4, chemical industries 1, iron work 3, aluminum product 1, match factory 2.

Cottage industries

Cottage industries include weaving, shital pati, potteries, bamboo and cane work, fishing net making, blacksmith, tailoring, goldsmith.

Hats, bazars and fairs

Total number of hats and bazars are 213, most noted of which are Puran Bazar, Natun Bazar, Baburhat, Kachua, Faridganj, Fatehpur, Suchipara, Begum Bazar, Hajiganj, Warukh, Matlab, Shahtali, Satnal; noted fairs are Austami Snan Mela (Chandpur), Meher Kali Mela (Shahrasti), Paush Samkranti Mela, Bijoy Mela, Asutami Mela (Aliganj, Hajiganj), Lengtar Mela (Badarpur, Matlab) and Boi (book) Mela.

Main exports

Hilsa fish, shrimp, betel nut and potato.

NGO activities

Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, CARE, grameen bank, Autta Nibedita, Aman, DPHE, BAVS, VOSD, Save Our Life.

Health centres

Zila sadar hospital 1, charitable dispensary 1, upazila health complex 7, satellite clinic 20, health and family welfare centre 76, maternity centre 3, eye hospital 1, diabetic hospital 1, red crescent hospital 1, tuberculosis hospital 1, private clinic 6, railway hospital

See also

References

http://www.banglapedia.com


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Chandpur District — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Chāndpur District Country and Admin Code BD.84.09 BD …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Chandpur (district) — 23° 12′ 50″ N 90° 38′ 10″ E / 23.2139, 90.6361 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chandpur District — noun One of the eleven districts in the Chittagong Division of Bangladesh …   Wiktionary

  • Chandpur Sadar Upazila — Chandpur Sadar চাঁদপুর সদর   Upazila   …   Wikipedia

  • Chandpur — may refer to: Chandpur District, a district in Bangladesh, part of the Chittagong Division Chandpur, Bijnor, a town in Uttar Pradesh, India the Chandpur meteorite of 1885, which fell in Uttar Pradesh, India Chandpur, Basirhat, a town in West… …   Wikipedia

  • Chandpur (zila) — Capital Chandpur Entidad Zila …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chandpur, Ghola — Chandpur   town   …   Wikipedia

  • Chandpur, Bijnor — For other places with the same name, see Chandpur (disambiguation). Chandpur   city   Coordinates Country India State …   Wikipedia

  • Shariatpur District — Infobox of BD districts native name = Shariatpur skyline = skyline size = skyline caption = locator position = right latd = 23.21 longd = 90.35 division name = Dhaka Division population as of = 1991 population total = 1,057,181 population density …   Wikipedia

  • Lakshmipur District — For the village in Barisal, see Lakshmipur, Barisal Division. Infobox of BD districts native name = Lakshmipur skyline = skyline size = skyline caption = locator position = right latd = 22.9500 longd = 90.8250 division name = Chittagong Division… …   Wikipedia


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