Iron Age Scandinavia

Iron Age Scandinavia
The Pre-Roman Iron Age of Northern Europe, 4th century BC - 1st century BC
The expansion of the Germanic tribes 750 BC – AD 1 (after the Penguin Atlas of World History 1988):
   Settlements before 750 BC
   New settlements by 500 BC
   New settlements by 250 BC
   New settlements by AD 1

The Iron Age in Scandinavia and Northern Europe begins around 500 BC with the Jastorf culture, and is taken to last until ca. AD 800 and the beginning Viking Age. It succeeds the Nordic Bronze Age with the introduction of ferrous metallurgy by contact with the Hallstatt D/La Tène cultures.

The Northern European Iron Age is the locus of Proto-Germanic culture, in its later stage differentiating into Proto-Norse (in Scandinavia), and West Germanic (Ingvaeonic, Irminonic, Istvaeonic) in northern Germany.


  • Bente Magnus, G Franceschi, Asger Jorn, Men, Gods and Masks in Nordic Iron Age Art (2005).
  • J. W. Jamieson, The Nordic Face: A Glimpse of Iron Age Scandinavia (1996)
  • M Zvelebil, Iron Age transformations in Northern Russia and the Northeast Baltic, Beyond Domestication in Prehistoric Europe (1985).

See also