North Park, San Diego, California


North Park, San Diego, California

North Park is a neighborhood in San Diego, California, USA. It is situated to the northeast of Balboa Park, bounded on the north by El Cajon Boulevard, on the south by Juniper Street and the South Park neighborhood, on the east by Interstate 805 and City Heights, and on the west by Florida Canyon and Hillcrest. (As a side note, the pre-Interstate 805 boundary of North Park was widely considered to be 35th Street, which is now part of City Heights.)

The North Park sign can be seen above 30th Street and University Avenue, and this intersection is often considered to be the heart of the neighborhood.

North Park includes the subneighborhoods of Burlingame, Altadena, and the Morley Field area (site of the proposed Dryden Historic District).

North Park is served by a business improvement district called "North Park Main Street". [ [http://www.northparkmainstreet.com/ North Park Main Street ] ]

In the 2000s North Park has undergone gentrification and housing prices have rapidly increased.

History

In the summer of 1893, San Diego merchant Joseph Nash sold 40 acres of land northeast of Balboa Park to James Monroe Hartley, who wished to develop a lemon grove. The Hartley family began the arduous process of clearing the land to prepare the earth for the grove, but providing the fledgling trees with proper irrigation was always a problem. Barrels of water had to be hauled from downtown San Diego up a wagon trail that would eventually be called Pershing Drive.

As the growth of San Diego eventually caught up with the original Hartley lemon grove, it eventually became roughly bordered by Ray Street to the west, 32nd Street to the east, University Avenue to the north and Dwight Street to the south. Hartley deemed his area "Hartley's North Park" - and years later, the name evidently stuck as the City of San Diego referred to the new suburb as "North Park."

In 1911, Hartley's eldest son, Jack, and a relative (brother-in-law William Jay Stevens) developed the plot into one of San Diego's first residential and commercial districts. After first establishing "Stevens & Hartley", North Park's first real estate firm, in 1905, Jack and William built North Park's first "high rise" commercial building, the Stevens building, on the northwest corner of 30th Street and University Avenue (today's "Western Dental" building) in 1912. "Thirtieth & University" became North Park's symbolic place name - and within 10 years, this became the heart of the community. [ [http://www.northparkhistory.org/brochures/ NorthParkHistory.org ] ] [http://www.northparkhistory.org/documents/brochures/OnceUponATimeBrochure%20Final.pdf]

"North Park: A San Diego Urban Village" recollects the development of the neighborhood from 1896-1946. Copies of this book are available from the [http://www.northparkhistory.org North Park Historical Society] and online bookstores.

Architecture

." This historical district includes the homes along 28th and Pershing Streets, both bordered on the south by Upas Street and to the north by Landis Street.

Expert and North Park enthusiast.

Arts, Culture and Cuisine

Ray Street, a small street containing a number of art galleries, hosts "Ray at Night" on the second Saturday evening of each month. Some galleries provide wine/appetizers, and live music is often featured. In addition, Ray Street regularly features dance/music recitals.

An eclectic array of restaurants, as well as independent coffee shops, can be found along the main arteries of 30th Street and University Avenue. The area is also dotted with bars and night clubs that cater to a wide diversity of patrons.

Nearby, the Birch North Park Theatre reopened after major renovations in 2005. It is the home of Lyric Opera San Diego.

North Park has a Farmers Market every Thursday at the parking lot located at University and 32nd Streets. The Spring/Summer hours are 3pm-sunset, Fall/Winter 2pm-Sunset. They feature over 35 independent vendors; locally grown produce/flowers; gourmet/ethnic foods; arts and crafts; books; and, often, live music.

As a tradition every December, North Park holds its annual holiday parade. Formerly known as the North Park Toyland Parade, it is now called the North Park Lions Club Holiday Parade.

Like other urban San Diego communities, North Park has a high rate of pedestrian activity, relative to other regions of San Diego county.

North Park's Diverse Culture

North Park is one of the most diverse communities in San Diego. It has sizeable populations of Latinos, Caucasians, and LGBT individuals. Businesses and residential neighborhoods alike reflect this diversity.

North Park Publications

* A recent book, "North Park: A San Diego Urban Village", has been published by the [http://www.northparkhistory.org North Park Historical Society] . It recollects the development of the neighborhood from 1896-1946, and includes an array of historic photos of the area.

* North Park Calendars are published by the [http://www.northparkhistory.org North Park Historical Society] .

* The "North Park News" is a local publication, delivered free of charge to North Park residents

* [http://www.northparkmainstreet.com North Park Main Street] 's website features "Once Upon A Time in North Park" articles, submitted by various writers from the [http://www.northparkhistory.org North Park Historical Society] .

Transportation in North Park

North Park is served by Interstate 805, which is accessible from the University Avenue and El Cajon Boulevard exits.

University Avenue and El Cajon Boulevard are the major east-west thoroughfares in North Park. University Avenue leads west to Hillcrest and east to City Heights and La Mesa. El Cajon Boulevard leads west to Washington Avenue and Mission Hills and continues east to the city of El Cajon. Florida Street connects North Park to Downtown San Diego through Florida Canyon in Balboa Park to the south, and to Adams Avenue and University Heights to the north. 30th Street connects North Park to Adams Avenue and Normal Heights to the north, and to South Park and Golden Hill to the south. Texas Street heads north directly into Mission Valley.

There is substantial bus service connecting to Downtown San Diego as well as to the transportation hub in Old Town. The busiest bus line corridor in the San Diego metro region, known as the University Avenue transit corridor, traverses North Park.

Crash of PSA Flight 182

North Park was the site of California's worst aviation accident to date.

References

External links

* [http://www.northparkmainstreet.com/ North Park Main Street]
* [http://www.northparksd.org North Park Community Association] (NPCA)
* [http://www.northparkhistory.org North Park Historical Society] (NPHS) -- publishers of the "2009 North Park Calendar" and "North Park: A San Diego Urban Village"
* [http://www.northparkmainstreet.com/theatre.htm North Park Theater]
* [http://www.lyricoperasandiego.com San Diego Lyric Opera] (North Park Theater's resident Performing Arts group)
* [http://www.RayAtNight.com Ray at Night]
* [http://www.NewToSanDiego.com/North-Park/ New To San Diego]
* [http://efgh.com/np/ Unofficial neighborhood web site]
* [http://92104.org/ 92104.org: North Park Wiki] Guide/Wiki about the 92104 area
* [http://www.northparkscene.com NorthParkScene]
* [http://www.behi.org Between Heights Community]


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