Lincoln City, Oregon


Lincoln City, Oregon
Lincoln City, Oregon
—  City  —
Part of the coastline at Lincoln City
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 44°58′20″N 124°0′40″W / 44.97222°N 124.01111°W / 44.97222; -124.01111Coordinates: 44°58′20″N 124°0′40″W / 44.97222°N 124.01111°W / 44.97222; -124.01111
Country United States
State Oregon
County Lincoln
Incorporated 1965
Government
 – Mayor Dick Anderson
Area
 – Total 5.4 sq mi (13.9 km2)
 – Land 5.3 sq mi (13.8 km2)
 – Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 4 ft (1 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 7,930
 – Density 1,477.6/sq mi (570.5/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 – Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97367
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-42600[1]
GNIS feature ID 1158323 [2]
Website www.lincolncity.org

Lincoln City is a city in Lincoln County, Oregon, United States. It is named after the county. The population was 7,930 at the 2010 census.

Contents

History

Lincoln City was incorporated on March 3, 1965, uniting the cities of Delake, Oceanlake and Taft, and the unincorporated communities of Cutler City and Nelscott. These were adjacent communities along U.S. Route 101, which serves as Lincoln City's main street. The name "Lincoln City" was chosen from contest entries submitted by local school children. The contest was held when it was determined that using one of the five communities' names would be too controversial.[3]

Former communities

Cutler City

Cutler City was located on the east shore of Siletz Bay. The community was started by Mr. and Mrs. George Cutler. It is claimed they received the property from Chief Charles "Charley" DePoe of the Siletz tribe (part of the present-day Confederated Tribes of the Siletz). Cutler City post office ran from 1930 until the formation of Lincoln City.[4]

Delake

Delake was near Devils Lake, and was named for the way the local Finnish people pronounced the name of the lake. Delake post office was established in 1924, and reestablished as Oceanlake (see below) in 1927.[4]

Nelscott

Nelscott was named by combining the surnames of Charles P. Nelson and Dr. W.G. Scott, who founded the community in 1926. Nelscott post office ran from 1929 until incorporation as Lincoln City.[4] Nelscott Reef is known for its surf and was in Surfer Magazine in 2003 as one of the Pacific Ocean's best places to surf.[5][6]

Oceanlake

Oceanlake was named for its position between Devils Lake and the Pacific Ocean. Its post office ran from 1927 until incorporation as Lincoln City.[4] In 1945, Oceanlake annexed Wecoma Beach and incorporated as a city.[citation needed] The neighborhood is home to Oceanlake Elementary School.

Taft

Taft was named for the 27th U.S. president William Howard Taft. Taft post office was established in 1906, and was named when Taft was Secretary of War. The post office ran until incorporation as Lincoln City.[4]

Wecoma Beach

Oceanlake annexed Wecoma Beach, a community[7] to the north, and was incorporated on November 3, 1945.[8] Wecoma is a Chinook jargon word meaning "sea".[4] The post office at this locale was originally named Wecoma.[4] It was changed to Wecoma Beach in 1949.[4] The office is no longer in operation.[9]

Economy

In 1995 the Confederated Tribes of Siletz opened Chinook Winds Casino at the northern end of the city on property overlooking the Pacific Ocean.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.4 square miles (14 km2), of which 5.3 square miles (14 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2), or 0.56%, is water.[10]

Lincoln City is home to one of the world's shortest rivers, the D River, connecting Devils Lake with the Pacific Ocean.

Climate

The average temperature in January is a low of 36F, and in August the average high is 71F. The hottest month on average is August, while the coldest is January. The driest month on average is July, with December being the wettest. The average annual precipitation is 97.270". The average July afternoon humidity is 75%, and the average January afternoon humidity is 84%.[11]

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 7,437 people, 3,371 households, and 1,860 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,394.5 people per square mile (538.7/km²). There were 4,990 housing units at an average density of 935.6 per square mile (361.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.40% White, 0.46% African American, 3.12% Native American, 1.02% Asian, 0.35% Pacific Islander, 3.01% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.22% of the population.

There were 3,371 households out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.2% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.8% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 84.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,959, and the median income for a family was $31,783. Males had a median income of $26,667 versus $21,483 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,597. About 12.5% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

The Kite Festival in Lincoln City is held annually in June at D River Wayside, where several other world-class kite events are held.

Education

Public schools in Lincoln City are served by the Lincoln County School District.[12]

Media

Lincoln City has a weekly newspaper, The News Guard.

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "Lincoln City". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:1158323. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  3. ^ Hall, Anne; North Lincoln County Historical Museum. "Lincoln City History". About Lincoln City. Lincoln City Visitor and Convention Bureau. http://www.oregoncoast.org/pages/about-lc.html. Retrieved 2006-10-06. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (Seventh Edition ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. pp. 878. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  5. ^ "Garrett & Kealii win 2006 Nelscott Reef Tow In Classic...". Surfers Village. October 12, 2006. http://www.surfersvillage.com/surfing/25295/news.htm. Retrieved 2007-09-25. 
  6. ^ "Competitor line up announced for Nelscott Reef Tow-In Classic". Oregon Sports Authority. http://www.oregonsports.org/competitor-line-up-announced-for-nelscott-reef-tow-in-classic/. Retrieved 2007-09-25. 
  7. ^ "Wecoma Beach". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:1637937. Retrieved 2011-01-02. 
  8. ^ "History of Lincoln City Oregon". Lincoln County Chamber of Commerce. http://www.lcchamber.com/view/historylincolncity/. Retrieved 2011-01-02. 
  9. ^ "Wecoma Beach Post Office (historical)". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. August 1, 1994. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:1166139. Retrieved 2011-01-02. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ "Lincoln County Schools". http://www.lincoln.k12.or.us/index.asp. 

External links


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