David Lindsay, 27th Earl of Crawford


David Lindsay, 27th Earl of Crawford
The Right Honourable
The Earl of Crawford
KT PC, DL, FRS, FSA
President of the Board of Agriculture
In office
11 July 1916 – 5 December 1916
Monarch George V
Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
Preceded by The Earl of Selborne
Succeeded by Rowland Prothero
Lord Privy Seal
In office
15 December 1916 – 10 January 1919
Monarch George V
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Preceded by The Earl Curzon of Kedleston
Succeeded by Andrew Bonar Law
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
10 January 1919 – 1 April 1921
Monarch George V
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Preceded by The Lord Downham
Succeeded by The Viscount Peel
First Commissioner of Works
In office
1 April 1921 – 19 October 1922
Monarch George V
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Preceded by Sir Alfred Mond, Bt
Succeeded by Sir John Baird, Bt
Minister of Transport
In office
12 April 1922 – 19 October 1922
Monarch George V
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Preceded by The Viscount Peel
Succeeded by Sir John Baird, Bt
Personal details
Born 10 October 1871 (1871-10-10)
Dunecht, Aberdeenshire
Died 8 March 1940 (1940-03-09)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Constance Pelly (d. 1947)
Alma mater Magdalen College, Oxford

David Alexander Edward Lindsay, 27th Earl of Crawford and 10th Earl of Balcarres KT, PC, DL, FRS[1], FSA (10 October 1871 – 8 March 1940), styled Lord Balniel between 1880 and 1913, was a British Conservative politician and art connoisseur.

Contents

Background and education

Born at Dunecht, Aberdeenshire, Crawford was the eldest son of James Lindsay, 26th Earl of Crawford and 9th Earl of Balcarres and his wife Emily Florence, daughter of Colonel the Hon. Edward Bootle-Wilbraham. The Hon. Sir Ronald Lindsay was his younger brother. He was educated at Eton and Magdalen College, Oxford.[2]

His family had extensive mining interests on the Lancashire Coalfield at Haigh near Wigan where his family had a seat at Haigh Hall. He was chairman of the Wigan Coal and Iron Company and its successor the Wigan Coal Corporation.[3]

Political career

Crawford was elected Member of Parliament for Chorley in 1895[2][4] and served as a Junior Lord of the Treasury from 1903 to 1905 under Arthur Balfour. After the Conservatives went into opposition in 1905 he was Chief Conservative Whip in the House of Commons between 1911 and 1913. The latter year he succeeded his father in the earldom and took his seat in the House of Lords (in virtue of his junior title of Baron Wigan, which was in the Peerage of the United Kingdom).[2] In July 1916 Crawford was admitted to the Privy Council[5] and appointed President of the Board of Agriculture, with a seat in the cabinet, in the coalition government of H. H. Asquith.[6]

When David Lloyd George became Prime Minister in December 1916, Crawford became Lord Privy Seal.[7] In January 1919 Lloyd George appointed him Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster,[2] but removed him from the cabinet. He was made First Commissioner of Works in April 1921,[8] and in April of the following year he was also made Minister of Transport,[9] and restored to the cabinet. He retained these two posts until the coalition government fell in October 1922.[2]

Apart from his political career Crawford was Chancellor of the University of Manchester between 1922 and 1940, a trustee of the National Portrait Gallery and a Deputy Lieutenant of Lancashire. He became a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 1900 and of the Royal Society[1] in 1924 and was made a Knight of the Thistle in 1921.[2]

Family

Lord Crawford married Constance Lilian, daughter of Sir Henry Pelly, 3rd Baronet, in 1900. They had eight children, two sons and six daughters. One daughter, Lady Mary Lilian Lindsay (1910–2004), married Reginald Manningham-Buller, 1st Viscount Dilhorne, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain from 1962 to 1964. Their youngest son the Hon. James Lindsay was Member of Parliament for Devon North. Their second daughter was Dame Eliza Manningham-Buller, Director-General of MI5 from 2002 to 2007. Lord and Lady Crawford's fifth daughter Lady Katharine Constance Lindsay married Sir Godfrey Nicholson, 1st Baronet, and was the mother of Baroness Nicholson of Winterbourne.

Lord Crawford died in March 1940, aged 68, and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son David, Lord Balniel. The Countess of Crawford died in January 1947.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b Bragg, W. H. (1941). "David Lindsay, Earl of Crawford and Balcarres. 1871-1940". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society 3 (9): 404. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1941.0011.  edit
  2. ^ a b c d e f g thepeerage.com David Alexander Edward Lindsay, 27th Earl of Crawford
  3. ^ The Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, The Rt. Hon., Durham Mining Museum, http://www.dmm.org.uk/whoswho/c035.htm, retrieved 2011-02-07 
  4. ^ leighrayment.com House of Commons: Chichester to Clitheroe
  5. ^ London Gazette: no. 29667. p. 6975. 14 July 1916.
  6. ^ London Gazette: no. 29667. p. 6977. 14 July 1916.
  7. ^ London Gazette: no. 29875. p. 12471. 22 December 1916.
  8. ^ London Gazette: no. 32292. p. 2989. 15 April 1922.
  9. ^ London Gazette: no. 32677. p. 3135. 21 April 1922.

Further reading

  • Lindsay, David (1984) The Crawford Papers: the journals of David Lindsay, 27th Earl of Crawford and 10th Earl of Balcarres, 1871-1940, during the years 1892 to 1940; edited by John Vincent. Manchester: Manchester University Press

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Joseph Feilden
Member of Parliament for Chorley
1895 – 1913
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Flemming Hibbert
Political offices
Preceded by
Henry Torrens Anstruther
Hon. Ailwyn Fellowes
Henry Forster
Lord of the Treasury
1903 – 1905
With: Hon. Ailwyn Fellowes 1903–1905
Henry Forster 1903–1905
Lord Edmund Talbot 1905
Succeeded by
Herbert Lewis
Jack Pease
Freeman Freeman-Thomas
Cecil Norton
Preceded by
The Earl of Selborne
President of the Board of Agriculture
1916
Succeeded by
Rowland Prothero
Preceded by
The Earl Curzon of Kedleston
Lord Privy Seal
1916 – 1919
Succeeded by
Andrew Bonar Law
Preceded by
The Lord Downham
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1919 – 1921
Succeeded by
The Viscount Peel
Preceded by
Sir Alfred Mond, Bt
First Commissioner of Works
1921 – 1922
Succeeded by
Sir John Baird, Bt
Preceded by
The Viscount Peel
Minister of Transport
1922
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
James Ludovic Lindsay
Earl of Crawford
1913 – 1940
Succeeded by
David Alexander Lindsay

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