Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster


Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Duchy of Lancaster-coa.png
Arms of the Duchy of Lancaster
Incumbent
The Lord Strathclyde

since 12 May 2010
Style The Right Honourable
Appointer The Sovereign
on advice of the Prime Minister
Inaugural holder Sir Henry de Haydock
Formation 1361
Website The Duchy of Lancaster
United Kingdom
Coat of Arms of the UK Government

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The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster is, in modern times, a ministerial office[1] in the government of the United Kingdom that includes as part of its duties, the administration of the estates and rents of the Duchy of Lancaster.[2] The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster is appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister.[3][4]

The Chancellor is 'answerable to Parliament' for the running of the Duchy.[5] But, the involvement of the Chancellor in the running of the day-to-day affairs of the Duchy is slight, and the office is held by a senior politician whose main role is something quite different. For example, as of 2011 the incumbent is Lord Strathclyde, who is also the Leader of the House of Lords.

Contents

History

Originally, the Chancellor was the chief officer in the daily management of the Duchy of Lancaster and the County Palatine of Lancaster (a county palatine merged into the Crown in 1399), but that estate is now run by a deputy, leaving the Chancellor to serve in effect as an additional Minister without Portfolio. The position has often been given to a junior Cabinet minister with responsibilities in a particular area of policy for which there is no department with an appropriate portfolio.

In 1491, an office of Vice Chancellor was also created. The position is now held by the Chancery Division Judge in the north-west, and no longer appointed to that position as legal officer of the Duchy.

Modern times

In recent times, the Chancellor's duties (administrative, financial, and legal) have been said to occupy an average of one day a week. Under the Promissory Oaths Act 1868, the Chancellor is required to take the oath of allegiance and the Official Oath.[6]

The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster is entitled to a salary under the Ministerial and other Salaries Act 1975, but section 3 of the Act provides that the salary "shall be reduced by the amount of the salary payable to him otherwise than out of moneys so provided in respect of his office".[7] The Office of the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster is part of the Cabinet Office.[8]

Until recently, the holder of the title also served as one of the Ministers for the Cabinet Office. This was true of Alan Milburn, who was given the title by Labour PM Tony Blair in 2004 and at the same time rejoined the Cabinet.

The current Chancellor is Thomas Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde, who is also the Leader of the House of Lords. Between 2003 and 2009 the holder of that office had been given the sinecure title of Lord President of the Council while the Chancellorship had been given to the Minister for the Cabinet Office. However, in the reshuffle of 5 June 2009, Lord Mandelson was made Lord President and, as the new Cabinet Office Minister Tessa Jowell retained her previous sinecure as Paymaster General. This left the Chancellorship to the Baroness Royall.[9] In David Cameron's first cabinet, announced on 12 May 2010, the Chancellorship remained with the Leader of the House of Lords as the office of Lord President of the Council was given to the Deputy Prime Minister, Nick Clegg.[10]

See also

  • List of Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster

Notes

  1. ^ House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975 c. 24, Schedule 2
  2. ^ Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster - Glossary page - UK Parliament. Parliament.uk (21 April 2010). Retrieved on 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ The Government, Prime Minister and Cabinet : Directgov - Government, citizens and rights. Direct.gov.uk. Retrieved on 30 September 2011.
  5. ^ The Monarchy and the Constitution. p. 188.  Citing House of Commons Debates 17 November 1987 col 11, Standing Committee G.
  6. ^ Promissory Oaths Act 1868 section 5 and Schedule
  7. ^ Ministerial and other Salaries Act 1975 sections 1 & 3 and Schedule 1
  8. ^ Appropriation Act 2010 Schedule 2 Part 2
  9. ^ http://www.number10.gov.uk/Page19517
  10. ^ "Her Majesty's Government". 19 May 2010. http://www.number10.gov.uk/news/latest-news/2010/05/her-majestys-government-49840. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster — a British Cabinet minister who has almost no official duties, and so is free to work on any special jobs chosen by the Prime Minister. The title remains from the 15th century, when the royal family came from Lancashire(1), and owned land there. * …   Universalium

  • Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster —  Post in the British Cabinet that has no formal duties, enabling the holder to take up special assignments for the prime minister …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • (the) Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster — the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster [the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster] a British Cabinet minister who has almost no official duties, and so is free to work on any special jobs chosen by the ↑Prime Minister. The title remains from the …   Useful english dictionary

  • Court of the Duchy of Lancaster — In England, a court of special jurisdiction, held before the chancellor of the duchy or his deputy, concerning all matters of equity relating to lands holden of the king in right of the duchy of Lancaster. 3 Bl.Comm. 78. Though not formerly… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Court of the Duchy of Lancaster — In England, a court of special jurisdiction, held before the chancellor of the duchy or his deputy, concerning all matters of equity relating to lands holden of the king in right of the duchy of Lancaster. 3 Bl.Comm. 78. Though not formerly… …   Black's law dictionary

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