Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine


Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine

Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine (Neuburg, 4 November 1661 – Mannheim, 31 December 1742) was a ruler from the house of Wittelsbach. He was Elector Palatine, Count of Palatinate-Neuburg, and Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1716 to 1742. Until 1728 Charles III Philip was also Count of Megen.

Contents

Biography

Born in Neuburg an der Donau, Charles Philip was the seventh of 17 children of Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine and Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Though Charles Philip became a cleric in Cologne at the age of fourteen, suchlike in 1677 in Salzburg and again in 1679 in Mainz, he was not ordained but started a military career in 1684. He then joined the Habsburg war against the Turks 1691-1694 and was promoted imperial field marshal. In 1712 he was appointed Governor of Further Austria in Innsbruck.

Charles Philip succeeded his brother Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine on his death in 1716. He moved the Palatinate's capital from Heidelberg to the new city of Mannheim in 1720, but not before promoting his favorite court jester, Perkeo of Heidelberg, to be in charge of the castle's wine stocks. To strengthen the union of all lines of the Wittelsbach dynasty Charles Philip organized a wedding on 17 January 1742 when his granddaughter Elizabeth Auguste was married to Charles Theodore of Palatinate-Sulzbach and her sister Maria Anna to the Bavarian prince Clement. In the imperial election a few days later Charles III Philip voted for his Bavarian cousin Prince-Elector Charles Albert.

Upon his death in December 1742, the Palatinate-Neuburg line became extinct, and the Palatinate (including Neuburg, Jülich and Berg) was inherited by Charles Theodore of the Palatinate-Sulzbach line of the Wittelsbach family. Another granddaughter of Charles Philip, Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach, was later married to Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken. Their son Maximilian I Joseph of Palatinate-Zweibrücken became the heir of the Palatinate-Sulzbach line.

While in Mannheim, Charles III Philip, and later his successor Charles IV Theodore, put together what was commonly regarded as the finest orchestra in all of Europe. Under the leadership of musicians such as Johann Stamitz and Carlo Grua, the orchestra of the Kapelle was lauded by such musicians such as Leopold and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

Marriages

Ludovica Carolina Radivilia, the illustration from Icones familiae ducalis Radvilianae.
Teresa Lubomirska.

Charles Philip married three times:

  1. Leopoldine Eleonore Josephine (b. Brieg, 27 December 1689 - d. 8 March 1693).
  2. Maria Anna (b. 7 December 1690 - d. 1692).
  3. Elisabeth Auguste Sophie (b. Brieg, 17 March 1693 - d. Mannheim, 30 January 1728), married on 1717 to his kinsman, the Count Palatine Johann Karl of Sulzbach.
  4. a son (b. and d. Brieg, 22 March 1695).
  1. Theophila Elisabeth Franziska Felicitas (b. 13 November 1703 - d. 31 January 1705).
  2. Anna Elisabeth Theophila (b. Innsbruck, 9 June 1709 - d. Innsbruck, 10 February 1712).
  • In 1728 he married thirdly Countess Violente Theresia, (1683–1734), daughter of Count Philipp-Wilhelm of Thurn and Taxis, and his wife, Countess Marie-Adelheid von Aham zu Wildenau. This childless union was morganatic, as the Augsburg branch of the wealthy Thurn and Taxis family had only been elevated to baronial rank in 1657 and made counts of the Empire in 1701. But Violente received the honorary title of Princess from Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI in 1733.[1]


Ancestry

Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
Born: 1661 Died: 1742
German royalty
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Johann Wilhelm
Duke of Jülich and Berg
1716–1742
Succeeded by
Charles Theodore
Count Palatine of Neuburg
Elector Palatine

1716–1742

Notes

  1. ^ Huberty, Michel; Giraud, Alain, Magdelaine, F. and B. (1985) (in French). L'Allemagne Dynastique. Tome IV. Laballery. pp. 200, 235–237. ISBN 2-901138-04-7. 

External links

Media related to Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine at Wikimedia Commons


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine — Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine. Charles Louis, (German: Karl I. Ludwig), Elector Palatine KG (22 December 1617 – 28 August 1680) was the second son of Frederick V of the Palatinate, the Winter King of Bohemia, and his wife, Princess Elizabeth …   Wikipedia

  • Charles III Philippe du Palatinat — Charles III Philippe Charles III Philippe (né le 4 novembre 1661 à Neubourg, décédé le 31 décembre 1742 à Mannheim) est électeur du Palatinat, comte palatin de Neubourg, duc de Julier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles III — may refer to: Charles the Fat, Charles III of East Francia, (832–888) Charles the Simple, Charles III of West Francia, (879–929) Charles of Valois, duke Charles III of Anjou 1290–1325 Charles III of Alençon (1337–1375) Charles III of Naples (died …   Wikipedia

  • Charles II, Elector Palatine — Charles II, Elector Palatine. Charles II (German: Karl II.; 31 March 1651, Heidelberg – 26 May 1685, Heidelberg) was Elector Palatine from 1680 to 1685. He was the son of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine and Charlotte of Hesse Kassel. Charles… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles III of Spain — Not to be confused with Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, who briefly ruled parts of Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession as Charles III. Charles III King of Spain Reign 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine — Philip William ( de. Philipp Wilhelm) of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (24 November 1615 ndash; 2 September 1690), was Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick V, Elector Palatine — Frederick V ( de. Friedrich V.) (August 26 1596 – November 29 1632) was Elector Palatine (1610–23), and, as Frederick I ( cs. Fridrich Falcký), King of Bohemia (1619–20, for his short reign here often nicknamed the Winter King, Czech Zimní král ) …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick I, Elector Palatine — Frederick I , Count Palatine of the Rhine (1 August 1425, Heidelberg ndash; 12 December 1476, Heidelberg) was an Elector Palatine from the House of Wittelsbach in 1451 1476. He was a son of Louis III, Elector Palatine and his second wife Matilda… …   Wikipedia

  • Louis VI, Elector Palatine — In the history of the Holy Roman Empire, Louis VI, Elector Palatine (Simmern, 4 July 1539 ndash; 22 October 1583, Heidelberg) was an Elector from the Palatinate Simmern branch of the house of Wittelsbach. He was the first born son of Frederick… …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine — Johann Wilhelm II, Elector Palatine, also known as Johann Wilhelm von Pfalz Neuburg, (April 19, 1658 ndash; June 8, 1716) was Elector Palatine (1690 1716), Duke Palatine of Neuburg/Danube (1690 1716), Duke of Jülich and Berg (1679 1716), and Duke …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.