Caesium dodecaborate


Caesium dodecaborate
Caesium dodecaborate
Properties
Molar mass 407.61.21 g/mol
Appearance Colourless solid
Melting point

>650 °C

Solubility in water low
Solubility good in ethers
Hazards
Main hazards flammable
Related compounds
 YesY dodecaborate (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Caesium dodecaborate is an inorganic compound with the formula Cs2B12H12. It is a salt, with caesium cations and [B12H12]2− anions.

Contents

Structure

The [B12H12]2− anion's B12 core is a regular icosahedron. The [B12H12]2− as a whole also has icosahedral molecular symmetry, and it belongs to the molecular point group Ih. Its icosahedral shape is consistent with the classification of this cage as "closo" in polyhedral skeletal electron pair theory.

Crystals of Cs2B12H12 feature Cs+ ions in contact with twelve hydrides provided by four B12H122−. The B-B bond distances are 178 pm, and the B-H distances are 112 pm.[1] Many other salts are known.[2]

Preparation

It is prepared in two steps from sodium borohydride. First the borohydride is converted into a triborate anion using the etherate of boron trifluoride:

4 NaBH4 + BF3 → NaB3H8 + 3 NaF + 4 H2

Pyrolysis of the triborate gives the twelve boron cluster as the sodium salt, which is then treated with caesium hydroxide to precipitate Cs2B12H12.

Applications

Salts of B12H122– have been investigated for boron neutron capture therapy and as fuels for airbags.[3]

Salts of B12H122− are precursors to related derivatives including B12(OH)122− and B12(CH3)122−. This closo boron hydride resists degradation more so than the isoelectronic carboranes.

References

  1. ^ Tiritiris, Ioannis; Schleid, Thomas; Müller, Klaus; Preetz, Wilhelm (2000). "Strukturelle Untersuchungen an Cs2[B12H12]". Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie 626 (2): 323–325. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1521-3749(200002)626:2<323::AID-ZAAC323>3.0.CO;2-Q. 
  2. ^ Tiritiris, Ioannis; Van, Nguyen-Duc; Schleid, Thomas (2004). "Synthesis and Crystal Structure of [Ni(H2O)6][B12H12]·6 H2O". Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie 630 (11): 1763. doi:10.1002/zaac.200470138. 
  3. ^ Sivaev, Igor B.; Bregadze, Vladimir I.; Sjöberg, Stefan (2002). "Chemistry of closo-Dodecaborate Anion [B12H12]2–: A Review". Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications 67 (6): 679. doi:10.1135/cccc20020679. 

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