Craigmont, Idaho


Craigmont, Idaho
Craigmont, Idaho
—  City  —
Location in Lewis County and the state of Idaho
Coordinates: 46°14′32″N 116°28′14″W / 46.24222°N 116.47056°W / 46.24222; -116.47056Coordinates: 46°14′32″N 116°28′14″W / 46.24222°N 116.47056°W / 46.24222; -116.47056
Country United States
State Idaho
County Lewis
Area
 – Total 0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
 – Land 0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
 – Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 3,740 ft (1,140 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 501
 – Density 743.8/sq mi (287.2/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 – Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 83523
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-19270
GNIS feature ID 0399839

Craigmont is a city in Lewis County, Idaho. The population was 501 at the 2010 census.

Contents

History

The city is named for Colonel William Craig (1809–69), a mountain man and Idaho's first permanent white settler in Lapwai in 1838. A town named "Chicago", one mile west of the current Craigmont, was founded in 1898. In response to not getting their mail from the Post Office, it was renamed "Ilo" four years later, in honor of a local merchant's daughter. A fire burnt the town in 1904 and shortly thereafter the Camas Prairie Railroad bypassed the town and started a settlement of its own, a mile east and called "Vollmer", on the northeast side of the railroad tracks. Ilo responded and moved its community to the southwest side of the tracks, adjacent to Vollmer. After a decade-long feud and the consolidation of the school districts, the communities merged in 1920 to become Craigmont.[1]

Geography

Craigmont is located at 46°14′32″N 116°28′14″W / 46.24222°N 116.47056°W / 46.24222; -116.47056 (46.242240, -116.470545),[2] on the Camas Prairie. Located within the Nez Perce Indian Reservation,[citation needed] it lies at an altitude of 3,740 feet (1,140 m).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1910 332
1920 549 65.4%
1930 496 −9.7%
1940 528 6.5%
1950 594 12.5%
1960 703 18.4%
1970 554 −21.2%
1980 617 11.4%
1990 542 −12.2%
2000 556 2.6%
2010 501 −9.9%
source:[4][5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 556 people, 225 households, and 157 families residing in the city. The population density was 743.8 people per square mile (286.2/km²). There were 248 housing units at an average density of 331.8 per square mile (127.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.12% White, 1.44% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.90% from other races, and 0.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.54% of the population.

There were 225 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.9% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 109.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,806, and the median income for a family was $36,719. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,548. About 12.9% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Four miles (7 km) south of the city is Lawyers Creek Canyon, with large railroad trestles [7] of the Camas Prairie Railroad. The largest is the massive century-old steel trestle, nearly 300 feet (91 m) above Lawyers Creek.

Northbound U.S. Route 95 was formerly routed westward through Craigmont as Main Street, then resumed westward toward Winchester. The highway was re-routed in the 1990s and now bypasses Craigmont on its south side. Southbound, the new route between Craigmont and Ferdinand stays out of the canyon, crossing it on a new bridge and then bypassing Ferdinand on its east side. Eastbound from Craigmont, State Highway 62 connects to Nezperce, the county seat.

Education

Craigmont is the home of Highland High School, with 20-25 students per class year. The Huskies compete in athletics at the IHSAA Class 1A level.

References

  1. ^ Conley, Cort. Idaho for the Curious. Cambridge: Backeddy, 1982, 623-626. ISBN 0-9603566-3-0.
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Craigmont, Idaho
  4. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 91.
  5. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Idaho 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2007-16.csv. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ panoramio.com - photos of the Lawyers Creek Canyon trestles

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