Gustavus, Alaska

Gustavus, Alaska

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Gustavus, Alaska
settlement_type = CDP
nickname =
motto =



imagesize =
image_caption =


image_



map_caption = Location of Gustavus, Alaska
mapsize = 250x200px


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position = left
pushpin_mapsize = 300
pushpin_map_caption =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Alaska
subdivision_type2 = Census Area
subdivision_name2 = Hoonah-Angoon
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

area_magnitude =
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 97.6
area_land_km2 = 97.6
area_water_km2 = 0
area_total_sq_mi = 37.7
area_land_sq_mi = 37.7
area_water_sq_mi = 0

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 429

timezone = Alaska (AKST)
utc_offset = -9
timezone_DST = AKDT
utc_offset_DST = -8
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 3
elevation_ft = 10
latd = 58 |latm = 24 |lats = 59 |latNS = N
longd = 135 |longm = 44 |longs = 44 |longEW = W

postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code = 907
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 02-30940
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = [Gnis3|1403078 1403078]
website =
footnotes =

Gustavus is a city in Hoonah-Angoon Census Area in the U.S. state of Alaska. At the 2000 census the population was 429.

Geography

Gustavus is located at coor dms|58|24|59|N|135|44|44|W|type:city_region:US (58.416327, -135.745549)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38 square miles (98 km²), all of it land.

Gustavus is split by the Salmon River, across which there is a bridge for the paved road running out to Glacier Bay National Park. Coho salmon, Dolly Varden, and other fish are commonly caught in this river. Within the city limits, the river is affected by tides.

History

Gustavus, formerly known as Strawberry Point, lies on the outwash plain created by the glaciers that once filled Glacier Bay. Two hundred years ago, it was primarily a single large "beach". The native Tlingit and others used the area for fishing, berry picking, and other similar uses. The town itself is less than hundred years old. The first settlers arrived in 1914, but left shortly afterward. The first permanent homestead was established in 1917, when Abraham Lincoln Parker moved his family to Strawberry Point. Many Gustavus residents are descendants and relatives of the original Parker homesteaders.

In 1925 the name became Gustavus, when the U.S Post Office required a change for its new post office, although locals continued calling it Strawberry Point long afterwards. The new name came from "Point Gustavus" at the mouth of Glacier Bay.

In 1793 George Vancouver named Point Adolphus (today a well-known humpback whale feeding area) after Adolphus Frederick, seventh son of King George III. In 1878, W.H. Dall, while working on a coastal survey, saw "Adolphus" on the map and assumed it was for Swedish king Gustavus Adolphus. The point across Icy Straits from Point Adolphus at the mouth of Glacier Bay was not named on the map, so Dall called it "Gustavus".

There is still a large beach at Gustavus, with many strawberries. It is surrounded on three sides by Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, and on the fourth side by water. The area is a temperate rain forest; spruce and hemlock trees reach heights of 60 m (200 ft), and alders, balsam poplar, fern, mosses, fireweed, lupine, and other plants are also common. Gustavus's coastal location gives it a relatively mild winter. Summer temperatures range from 11°C to 17°C (52–63°F); winter temperatures from -3°C to 4°C (26–39°F).

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 429 people, 199 households, and 114 families residing in the city. The population density was 4.4/km² (11.4/sq mi). There were 345 housing units at an average density of 9.2/sq mi (3.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89% white, 0% black or African American, 4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2% from other races, and 4% from two or more races. 1.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 199 households out of which 28% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47% were married couples living together, 6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43% were non-families. 38% of all households were made up of individuals and 6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.2 and the average family size was 2.9.

In the city the population was spread out with 26% under the age of 18, 3% from 18 to 24, 30% from 25 to 44, 36% from 45 to 64, and 5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 130 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 135 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $34,800, and the median income for a family was $51,800. Males had a median income of $41,800 versus $29,400 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,100. 15% of the population and 10% of families were below the poverty line. 13% of those under the age of 18 and 14% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Economy

The Gustavus economy is strongly linked to the surrounding natural resources; tourism and commercial fishing are mainstays. However, the importance of commercial fishing is in decline, as the Dungeness crab fishery in Glacier Bay National Park was closed in the early 2000s and the fishing for Dungeness outside of the national park has become poor. Salmon and halibut remain as the primary catch of the commercial fishing done out of Gustavus. Those not involved in tourism or seafood typically work for the government at the public school, the post office, the National Park Service, or the City of Gustavus.

Activities and Related Information

* [http://www.blackrockcharters.com Fish Gustavus Alaska with Black Rock Charters]
*Gustavus Airport

External links

* [http://www.gustavus-ak.gov City of Gustavus]
* [http://www.gustavusak.com Gustavus Visitor's Association]
* [http://www.gustavushistory.org Gustavus Historical Archives & Antiquities]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Gustavus (Alaska) — Gustavus Ciudad de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gustavus Airport — IATA: GST – ICAO: PAGS – FAA LID: GST Summary Airport type …   Wikipedia

  • Gustavus — may refer to: *Gustavus, Alaska, a small community located on the edge of Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve *Gustavus Adolphus College, a private liberal arts college in southern Minnesota *Gustavus, the Latin name given to several Swedish… …   Wikipedia

  • Alaska locations by per capita income — Alaska has the fourteenth highest per capita income in the United States of America, at $22,660 (2000). Its personal per capita income is $33,568 (2003), the twelfth highest in the country. Its median household income is $51,571 (2000), ranked… …   Wikipedia

  • Gustavus — Gustavus, AK U.S. Census Designated Place in Alaska Population (2000): 429 Housing Units (2000): 345 Land area (2000): 37.681605 sq. miles (97.594904 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 37.681605 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gustavus, AK — U.S. Census Designated Place in Alaska Population (2000): 429 Housing Units (2000): 345 Land area (2000): 37.681605 sq. miles (97.594904 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 37.681605 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Alaska Airlines — IATA AS OACI ASA In …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alaska Coastal Airlines — Infobox Airline airline = Alaska Coastal Airlines logo size = IATA = 7A ICAO = callsign = parent = founded = 1939 key people = Sheldon Simmonds, Alex Holden hubs = headquarters = Juneau, Alaska, USA frequent flyer = lounge = alliance = fleet size …   Wikipedia

  • Alaska Panhandle — The Alaska Panhandle, sometimes referred to as Southeast Alaska, is the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of Alaska, which lies just west of the northern half of the Canadian province of British Columbia. The majority of the panhandle s area …   Wikipedia

  • Alaska Airlines destinations — This is a list of destinations that Alaska Airlines currently serves (As of September 2008). CanadaBritish Columbia*Vancouver (Vancouver International Airport)MexicoBaja California Sur*La Paz (Manuel Márquez de León International Airport) *Loreto …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»