- Canarian people
Infobox Ethnic group
group = Canarian people
José Viera y Clavijo· José de Anchieta· Tomás de Iriarte y Oropesa Benito Pérez Galdós· Sergio Rodríguez· Agustín de Betancourt
Canary Islands1,995,833 Spanish
up to 4.5% of total Spanish population
region1 = flagcountry|Spain
pop1 = 1,995,833 (4.5%)
region2 = flagicon|Cuba
pop2 = (?? of White pop.)
region3 = flagcountry|Puerto Rico
pop3 = (?? of White pop.)
region4 = flagicon|Venezuela
pop4 = (?? of White pop.)
region5 = flagcountry|United States
pop5 = (?? of White Hispanics)
rels = Predominantly
related = Spanish (Andalusians)·Portuguese·
The Canarians are an
ethnic groupor nationliving in the archipelagoof the Canary Islands(an autonomous community of Spain), near the coast of Western Africa. The variety of the Spanish languagespoken in the region is the "Habla Canaria" ("Canary speech") or the "Dialecto Canario" (Canarian dialect), a distinctive dialect of Spanish spoken in the islands.
The islands were conquered by mostly
Andalusians and some Castilians at the beginnings of the 15th century. In 1402, they began to subdue the native Guanchepopulation and the Guanches were initially enslaved and gradually absorbed by the Spanish colonizers.
After subsequent settlement by Spaniards and other European peoples, mainly Portuguese, the remaining
Guancheswere gradually diluted by the settlers and their culture largely vanished. Alonso Fernández de Lugo, conqueror of Tenerifeand La Palma, oversaw extensive immigration to these islands during a short period from the late 1490s to the 1520sfrom mainland Europe, and immigrants included Galicians, Castilians, Portuguese, Italians, Catalans, Basques, and Flemings. At subsequent judicial enquiries, Fernández de Lugo was accused of favoring Genoese and Portuguese immigrants over Castilians. [ [http://www.ing.iac.es/PR/lapalma/history.html History of La Palma ] ]
Today some of the traditional sports such as
Lucha Canaria, Juego del Paloor Salto del Pastor, among others, have their roots in Guancheculture. Additionally, other traditions include Canarian pottery, words of Guanche origin in the " habla canaria" and the rural consumption of guarapo gomero and gofio.
Modern day Canarian culture is a hybrid between Latin America and Continental Spain with some Guanche roots. The strong influence of Latin America is due to the constant emigration and return over the centuries of Canarians to that continent, chiefly to
Cuba, Venezuela, and Puerto Rico.
The inhabitants of the Canary Islands hold a gene pool that is halfway between the Iberians and the ancient native population, the Guanches (a proto-Berber population). Guanche genetic markers have also been found, at low frequencies, in peninsular Spain, probably as a result of slavery and/or later emigration from the Canary Islands. [ [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15598218&query_hl=14&itool=pubmed_docsum A tale of aborigines, conquerors and slaves: Alu insertion polymorphisms and the peopling of Canary Islands] , from the
National Center for Biotechnology Informationof the United States.]
Canarians abroad: the Isleño community
Canary Islandshave served as a hub between Spainand the Americas, and therefore large groups of Canary islanders have emigrated and settled all over the New Worldas early as the 15th century, mainly in, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Venezuelaand Uruguay.
The Canarians were known as
Isleños("islanders") to peninsular Spanish, and they also went by that name during emigration to the Americas. In the United States, they settled in two places: Louisianaand Texas, both then parts of the Spanish Empire, with Louisiana being the premier settlement. When referring to the Isleños in the United States, it usually applies to the Canarian descendants of Louisiana. There were four places in southeast Louisiana settled by Isleños, with the main settlement being St. Bernard Parish.
The Isleños still speak the Canarian dialect of Spanish. Their Spanish has some borrowed words from neighboring cultures. The Isleños are proud of their heritage and have annual
festivalsin Louisiana to celebrate their culture. There is a museumas well as an exclusive Isleño cemeteryand a church in St. Bernard Parish. The Isleños have dominated the fishing and farming industries, especially sugarcane.
In Texas, in earlier times, there was a small community of Isleños that founded
San Antonioin 1731, one hundred years before the first English-speaking immigrants arrived in the region. [Links to some "Isleño" online communities and history webpages: [http://www.mgar.net/var/stbernar.htm 1] , [http://www.mgar.net/var/stbernar.htm 2] , [http://www.camagueyanos.com/wwwboard/messages/40263.html 3] .]
As far as
Latin Americais concerned, Canarian emigration to Cubaand Puerto Ricohas been there for centuries as well. Canarian people greatly influenced the Cuban culture, even those typical Cubanindustries such as tobaccoand sugarhave the signature of Canarian peopleFact|date=January 2008. In Puerto Rico, whole villageswere founded by Canarian settlers. Montevideo, the current Uruguayancapital, was also founded by Canarian immigrantsDubious|date=March 2008 as many other places in the continentVague|date=March 2008.
José de Anchieta, Jesuit priest and missionary.
Rosana Arbelo, singer
Javier Bardem, Actor.
Agustín de Betancourt, engineer
Manolo Blahnik, fashion designer
Secundino Delgado, politician
Oscar Dominguez, Painter.
Nicolas Estevanez, politician
Juan Carlos Fresnadillo, filmmaker
Pedro García Cabrera, poet
Fernando Guanarteme, king
Pedro Guerra, singer
K-narias, ReggaetonPop Duo.
Alfredo Kraus, opera singer
Fernando León y Castillo, politician
Cesar Manrique, artist
Manolo Millares, Painter
Tomas Morales, poet
Benito Perez Galdos, writer
Tinguaro, warrior general
Juan Carlos Valerón, football player
Alberto Vázquez-Figueroa, writer
José Viera y Clavijo, historian.
Rosanna Walls, Actress.
* Little Lupe, adult star
Nationalities in Spain
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