Jōō (Kamakura period)


Jōō (Kamakura period)

nihongo|Jōō|貞応| was a Japanese era name (年号, "nengō", lit. year name) after " Jōkyū" and before "Gennin." This period spanned the years from 1222 to 1224. The reigning emperor was Go-Horikawa"-tennō". [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). "Annales des empereurs du Japon," pp. 238-241; Brown, Delmer "et al." (1979). "Gukanshō," pp. 341-343; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). "Jinnō Shōtōki." pp. 226-227.]

Change of era

* "Jōō gannen" (貞応元年; 1222: The era name was changed to "Jōō" (meaning "Righteous Answer") to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in "Jōkyū", on the 13th day of the 4th month of 1222. [Brown, p. 346.]

Events of the "Jōō" Era

* "Jōō 2" (1222): Regulations established concerning salaries for "Jitō"

References

* Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). [ Jien, c. 1220] , "Gukanshō (The Future and the Past, a translation and study of the Gukanshō, an interpretative history of Japan written in 1219)." Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03460-0
* Titsingh, Isaac, ed. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/Hayashi Gahō, 1652] , "Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon, tr. par M. Isaac Titsingh avec l'aide de plusieurs interprètes attachés au comptoir hollandais de Nangasaki; ouvrage re., complété et cor. sur l'original japonais-chinois, accompagné de notes et précédé d'un Aperçu d'histoire mythologique du Japon, par M. J. Klaproth." Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&dq=nipon+o+dai+itsi+ran --"Two copies of this rare book have now been made available online: (1) from the library of the University of Michigan, digitized January 30, 2007; and (2) from the library of Stanford University, digitized June 23, 2006." Click here to read the original text in French.]
* Varley, H. Paul , ed. (1980). [ Kitabatake Chikafusa, 1359] , "Jinnō Shōtōki ("A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa" translated by H. Paul Varley)." New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-04940-4

External links

* National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" [http://www.ndl.go.jp/koyomi/e/ -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection]





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