- Royal Asiatic Society
The Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (RAS) was, according to its
Royal Charterof August 11, 1824, established to further "the investigation of subjects connected with and for the encouragement of science, literature and the arts in relation to Asia." From its incorporation the Society has been a forum, through lectures, its journal, and other publications, for scholarship relating to Asian culture and society of the highest level. It is the United Kingdom's senior learned societyin the field of Asian studies. Fellows include highly accomplished and notable scholars of Asian Studies, and are entitled to use post-nominal letters FRAS.
The Society was founded in London in 1823, and received its Royal Charter from George IV the following year. The RAS was established by a group primarily composed of notable scholars and colonial administrators. It was intended to be the British counterpart to the
Asiatic Society of Calcutta, which had been founded in 1784, by the noted Sanskritscholar and jurist Sir William Jones. The leading figure in the foundation of the RAS was Henry Thomas Colebrooke, who was himself an important Sanskritscholar, and one time President of the Asiatic Society of Calcutta.
Oriental Clubof London was formed in 1824, membership of the RAS was stated as one of the four qualifications for membership of the new club. [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=3FrL8wZuz40C&pg=PA473 The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany for April 1824, p. 473] online at books.google.com (accessed 28 January 2008)]
Due to the nature of the Society's close connection with the
British Empirein the east, much of the work originating with the society has been focused on topics concerning the Indian subcontinent. However, the purview of the Society extends far beyond India: all of Asiaand into Islamic North Africa, and Ethiopiaare included. The Society does have a few limitations on its field on interest, such as recent political history and current affairs. This particular moratorium led to the founding of the Central Asian Society, which later became the Royal Society for Asian Affairs. After World War II, with the gradual end of British political hegemony 'east of Suez', the Society maintained its disinterested academic focus on Asia.
Throughout its history the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland has, while only maintaining a very modestly sized membership, always contained a great deal of very distinguished individuals, from both the academic and political world. A list of the most accomplished would include such notables as
Rabindranath Tagore, Sir Aurel Stein, and Sir Wilfred Thesiger. In addition to the 'great and the good' the Society has also always had a strong complement of interested amateurs, who make up a large portion of the membership. This membership hails from all over the globe, but primarily the United Kingdom and Asia. Fellows of the Society are elected regularly, and can use the post-nominal letters FRAS.
At present, the Society has two functional branches, located in
Hong Kongand Korea. The [http://www.royalasiaticsociety.org.hk/ branch] in Hong Kong was established in 1847 while the [http://www.raskb.com/ branch] in Seoul, South Korea was established in 1900. A former branch in Bombay is now known as The Asiatic Society of Bombay. In 2008 the Shanghai branch (1857 - 1949) was re-established. It is known as the Royal Asiatic Society, North Asia Branch.
The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (JRAS), is published by
Cambridge University Pressfour times a year, each issue contains a number of scholarly essays, and several book reviews. The present editor of the JRAS is Dr Sarah Ansari of Royal Holloway, University of London. The Executive Editor is Charlotte de Blois. In addition to the journal the society also regularly publishes historical manuscripts, and monographs of highest academic quality on numerous topics.
Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland
This fund was initially established in 1828 [http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=257471] ; and the results of its initial funding projects were soon forthcoming. [http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00generallinks/ibnbatuta/00introlee.html] The Fund became one of a large number of Victorian subscription printing clubs which published translations, re-issued historical works or commissioned original books which were too specialized for commercial publication; but unlike most of those now defunct organizations, the work of the Royal Asiatic Society Oriental Translation Fund is on-going into the 21st century with a "new series" and "old series" microform catalog available for scholarly research. [http://www.microform.co.uk/academic/authorsearchresults.php?author=Royal%20Asiatic%20Society%20of%20Great%20Britain%20and%20Ireland]
Currently, the President of the Society is Professor
Anthony Stockwell, and the Patron is His Royal Highness The Prince Charles, Prince of Wales.
Fellows of the Royal Asiatic Society
* [http://www.royalasiaticsociety.org Royal Asiatic Society website]
*"Charter of Incorporation of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland." "Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society." pp 25-27, 1957.
*F.E. Pargiter (ed.) "Centenary Volume of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland 1823-1923". Published by the Society, 1923, London.
*"Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, Founded March, 1823; Bylaws 1998." Cambridge University Press for the Royal Asiatic Society. 1998.
*Stuart Simmonds and Simon Digby (ed.) "The Royal Asiatic Society, Its History and Treasures. Published for the Society", 1979, London.
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