- London Borough of Lambeth
Infobox London Borough | name = London Borough of Lambeth
short_name = Lambeth
London borough| area_rank = 341st
area_km2 = 26.82
ons_code = 00AY | adminhq = Brixton | ethnicity = 55.4% White
4.6% South Asian
url = http://www.lambeth.gov.uk/
leadership = Leader & Cabinet
mayor = Cllr Angie Meader
mps = Keith Hill (Lab)
gla_constituency = Lambeth and Southwark
The London Borough of Lambeth (audio|En-uk-LBLambeth.ogg|pronunciation) is a
London boroughin South London, Englandand forms part of Inner London.
The London Borough of Lambeth was formed in 1965 from the former area of the
Metropolitan Borough of Lambethand part of the former area of the Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworthcontaining most of the historic parishes of Streathamand Clapham.
Lambeth is a long, thin borough (approximately convert|3|mi|km wide and convert|7|mi|km long). It has no one single "town centre" as such. Great variety exists in the districts. The largest shopping areas are (in order of size)
Streatham, Brixton, Vauxhalland Clapham.
According to the 2001 census, Lambeth has a population of 266,169. 62% of the borough is White, 12% Black Caribbean and 12% Black African. 37% of householders are owner–occupiers. Lambeth has the highest population density of the Inner London boroughs. It also has a high unemployment rate and crime levels are also high. It has the highest number of homicides in any of the London boroughs.
In the northern end of the borough are the
Central Londondistricts of the South Bankand Lambethwhich have a developing tourist economy while at the very south of the borough are the leafy suburbs of Gipsy Hill, Tulse Hill, West Dulwichand West Norwood. In between the two are built-up and inner-city districts of Brixton, Brixton Hill, Clapham, Clapham Park, Herne Hill, Stockwelland Kenningtonwhich are each at different stages of gentrificationand have elements of suburban and urban settlement while Vauxhalland South Lambethare central districts being redeveloped with high density business and residential properties. Streatham sits somewhere between suburban London and inner-city Brixton with the partly suburban and partly built-up areas of Streatham, Streatham Hilland Streatham Vale.
Parks and green spaces
Despite the Borough's high population density, it contains some open spaces of Metropolitan importance including
Brockwell Parkand Brockwell Lido, Streatham Common, half of Clapham Common, West Norwood Cemeteryand Vauxhall park which is home to the John Craughwell football club which was named after a wyvil estate resident.
Along and around the
South Banka tourist area has developed around the former GLC headquarters of County Hall and the Royal Festival Halland National Theatre. Also on the river is the London Eyeand Hayward Gallery, to the east of which is the Oxo Towerwharf and adjacent areas redeveloped by the Coin Street Community Builders. Nearby and still in the north of the borough is St Thomas' Hospital, Lambeth Palaceand the Florence Nightingale Museum.
A prominent landmark in the middle of the borough is the
Art Deco Sunlight Laundryon Acre Lane SW2. Near this is Brixton, home to Lambeth Town Hall and to the Brixton Murals, although one of these is actually in Stockwell(see picture below).
Prominent Church buildings include:
*St Mary Lambeth (now home to the
Museum of Garden History)
*the four "Waterloo Churches" within the former Lambeth Parish:
**St Matthew, Brixton (now also home to Mass nightclub)
**St Mark, Kennington
**St Luke, West Norwood
**St John, Waterloo
*Holy Trinity, Clapham
*St Leonard, Streatham
*Christ Church, Streatham Hill
All Saints' Church, West Dulwich
*Holy Trinity, Trinity Rise, Tulse Hill
*St John the Divine, Vassall Road
The Oval cricket ground and its neighbouring gas holders are known throughout the world due to television coverage of Test matches.
South London Theatrea busy community theatre in the South of the borough
The Mayor of Lambeth for the municipal year 2008-2009 is Cllr Angie Meader (Clapham Common ward). Lambeth is perhaps unusual in that since 1994 the Mayor is elected unanimously by their fellow councillors with each of the three political parties supplying a candidate in rotation. This underlines the apolitical nature of the Mayor’s role and enables them to represent all the citizens of the borough.
Executive and Opposition
The council is run by a Leader and Cabinet, chaired by council leader Cllr Steve Reed. All members of the Cabinet are from the ruling Labour Party. The Leader of the Opposition is Cllr Ashley Lumsden (Liberal Democrat) and the Leader of the Conservative Opposition is Cllr John Whelan. The Chief Executive is Derrick Anderson CBE, formerly Chief Executive at Wolverhampton Council.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms is that of the former
Metropolitan Borough of Lambethwith the addition of two gold stars (mullets) in the second and third quarters of the crest to indicate the addition of the parishes of Clapham and Streatham. The motto is Spectemur Agendo.
Metropolitan Borough of Lambethand its successor have been twinned with the Vincennesdistrict of Parisin Francesince 1955. Lambeth also has twinning arrangements with Bluefieldsin Nicaragua; Moskvoretskyin Russia(although this is abeyance since changes to the city government of Moscow); Shinjukuin Japan; and Spanish Townin Jamaica.
Lambeth London Borough Council
Since 2002, the Council has had 63 members elected in 21 three-member wards. Between 1978 and 2002, the council comprised 64 members elected in 20 three-member and 2 two-member wards. Prior to this, the council had 60 members elected in 20 three-member wards. Summary of council election results:
Bridges and tunnels
Waterloo Bridgeincorporating the NFT
Hungerford Bridgeand the two accompanying pedestrian spans known as the "Golden Jubilee Bridges".
Brixton railway station
Clapham High Street railway station
Gipsy Hill railway station
Herne Hill railway station
Loughborough Junction railway station
Streatham railway station
Streatham Common railway station
Streatham Hill railway station
Tulse Hill railway station
Wandsworth Road railway station
West Norwood railway station
Eastfields railway station
Brixton tube station
Clapham Common tube station
Clapham North tube station
Clapham South tube station
Kennington tube station
Lambeth North tube station
Oval tube station
Stockwell tube station
Individuals associated with Lambeth
Diane Abbott(politician, television personality)
Jeffrey Archer(politician, author)
Paul Boateng(politician and former civil rights lawyer)
David Bowie(musician and actor)
Charlie Chaplin(actor and director)
Naomi Campbell(former supermodel)
Dillinja( drum and bassDJ)
Jo Guest(page 3 model, television presenter)
Jeremy Hardy(alternative comedian)
*Keith Hill (politician)
Eddie Izzard(alternative comedian)
Basement Jaxx(dance music act)
John Major(former Prime Minister)
Paul Merton(alternative comedian)
John R. Pinniger(former councillor)
John Scarlett(head of MI6)
Henry Tate(sugar refiner and benefactor)
In November 2005, Lambeth London Borough Council became the centre of a controversy over the naming of the
Christmas lightsused in the annual festival "winter lights", and "Celebrity lights" [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/4398680.stm] . This was interpreted by many as an overzealous attempt at political correctness, and was reported in several national newspapers, including the Daily Mailas an attempt to "ban Christmas". A spokesperson for the council, however, announced that "It was a junior-level decision and it happened to go into print which was an error."
* [http://www.lambeth.gov.uk/ Lambeth.gov.uk] London Borough of Lambeth Official Website
* [http://www.electionmemory.com/ electionmemory.com] Independent Lambeth Council Elections Forum
* [http://www.lambeth.gov.uk/Services/Environment/ParksGreenSpaces/Parks.htm General information on Lambeth parks and green spaces]
* [http://www.lambethcpcg.org.uk/ Community Police Consultative Group for Lambeth] Independent forum for community and statutory agencies to address community safety and policing issues.
* [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/freecyclelambeth/ Lambeth Freecycle]
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