London Borough of Lambeth


London Borough of Lambeth

Infobox London Borough | name = London Borough of Lambeth
short_name = Lambeth
imagename =

status = London borough | area_rank = 341st
area_km2 = 26.82
ons_code = 00AY | adminhq = Brixton | ethnicity = 55.4% White
45.9% British
9.9% Portuguese
4.2% Irish
9.7% non-British
31.8% Black British
5.8% Mixed Race
4.6% South Asian
2.3% Chinese
url = http://www.lambeth.gov.uk/
leadership = Leader & Cabinet
mayor = Cllr Angie Meader
mps = Keith Hill (Lab)
Kate Hoey (Lab)
Tessa Jowell (Lab)
gla_constituency = Lambeth and Southwark
gla_member = Valerie Shawcross (Lab)

The London Borough of Lambeth (audio|En-uk-LBLambeth.ogg|pronunciation) is a London borough in South London, England and forms part of Inner London.

History

The London Borough of Lambeth was formed in 1965 from the former area of the Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth and part of the former area of the Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth containing most of the historic parishes of Streatham and Clapham.

Geography

Lambeth is a long, thin borough (approximately convert|3|mi|km wide and convert|7|mi|km long). It has no one single "town centre" as such. Great variety exists in the districts. The largest shopping areas are (in order of size) Streatham, Brixton, Vauxhall and Clapham.

According to the 2001 census, Lambeth has a population of 266,169. 62% of the borough is White, 12% Black Caribbean and 12% Black African. 37% of householders are owner–occupiers. Lambeth has the highest population density of the Inner London boroughs. It also has a high unemployment rate and crime levels are also high. It has the highest number of homicides in any of the London boroughs.

In the northern end of the borough are the Central London districts of the South Bank and Lambeth which have a developing tourist economy while at the very south of the borough are the leafy suburbs of Gipsy Hill, Tulse Hill, West Dulwich and West Norwood. In between the two are built-up and inner-city districts of Brixton, Brixton Hill, Clapham, Clapham Park, Herne Hill, Stockwell and Kennington which are each at different stages of gentrification and have elements of suburban and urban settlement while Vauxhall and South Lambeth are central districts being redeveloped with high density business and residential properties. Streatham sits somewhere between suburban London and inner-city Brixton with the partly suburban and partly built-up areas of Streatham, Streatham Hill and Streatham Vale.

Parks and green spaces

Despite the Borough's high population density, it contains some open spaces of Metropolitan importance including Brockwell Park and Brockwell Lido, Streatham Common, half of Clapham Common,West Norwood Cemetery and Vauxhall park which is home to the John Craughwell football club which was named after a wyvil estate resident.

Landmarks

Along and around the South Bank a tourist area has developed around the former GLC headquarters of County Hall and the Royal Festival Hall and National Theatre. Also on the river is the London Eye and Hayward Gallery, to the east of which is the Oxo Tower wharf and adjacent areas redeveloped by the Coin Street Community Builders. Nearby and still in the north of the borough is St Thomas' Hospital, Lambeth Palace and the Florence Nightingale Museum.

A prominent landmark in the middle of the borough is the Art Deco Sunlight Laundry on Acre Lane SW2. Near this is Brixton, home to Lambeth Town Hall and to the Brixton Murals, although one of these is actually in Stockwell (see picture below).

Prominent Church buildings include:
*St Mary Lambeth (now home to the Museum of Garden History)
*the four "Waterloo Churches" within the former Lambeth Parish:
**St Matthew, Brixton (now also home to Mass nightclub)
**St Mark, Kennington
**St Luke, West Norwood
**St John, Waterloo
*Holy Trinity, Clapham
*St Leonard, Streatham
*Christ Church, Streatham Hill
*All Saints' Church, West Dulwich
*Holy Trinity, Trinity Rise, Tulse Hill
*St John the Divine, Vassall Road

The Oval cricket ground and its neighbouring gas holders are known throughout the world due to television coverage of Test matches.

Arts

* South London Theatre a busy community theatre in the South of the borough

Civic affairs

Mayor

The Mayor of Lambeth for the municipal year 2008-2009 is Cllr Angie Meader (Clapham Common ward). Lambeth is perhaps unusual in that since 1994 the Mayor is elected unanimously by their fellow councillors with each of the three political parties supplying a candidate in rotation. This underlines the apolitical nature of the Mayor’s role and enables them to represent all the citizens of the borough.

Executive and Opposition

The council is run by a Leader and Cabinet, chaired by council leader Cllr Steve Reed. All members of the Cabinet are from the ruling Labour Party. The Leader of the Opposition is Cllr Ashley Lumsden (Liberal Democrat) and the Leader of the Conservative Opposition is Cllr John Whelan. The Chief Executive is Derrick Anderson CBE, formerly Chief Executive at Wolverhampton Council.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms is that of the former Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth with the addition of two gold stars (mullets) in the second and third quarters of the crest to indicate the addition of the parishes of Clapham and Streatham. The motto is Spectemur Agendo.

Twinning

The former Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth and its successor have been twinned with the Vincennes district of Paris in France since 1955. Lambeth also has twinning arrangements with Bluefields in Nicaragua; Moskvoretsky in Russia (although this is abeyance since changes to the city government of Moscow); Shinjuku in Japan; and Spanish Town in Jamaica.

Politics

Lambeth London Borough Council

Since 2002, the Council has had 63 members elected in 21 three-member wards. Between 1978 and 2002, the council comprised 64 members elected in 20 three-member and 2 two-member wards. Prior to this, the council had 60 members elected in 20 three-member wards. Summary of council election results:

Westminster Parliament

The borough is covered by three parliamentary constituencies:
* Dulwich and West Norwood (shared with London Borough of Southwark)
* Streatham
* Vauxhall

Transport

Bridges and tunnels

*Waterloo Bridge incorporating the NFT
*Hungerford Bridge and the two accompanying pedestrian spans known as the "Golden Jubilee Bridges".
*Lambeth Bridge
*Westminster Bridge
*Vauxhall Bridge

Railway stations

*Brixton railway station
*Clapham High Street railway station
*Gipsy Hill railway station
*Herne Hill railway station
*Loughborough Junction railway station
*Streatham railway station
*Streatham Common railway station
*Streatham Hill railway station
*Tulse Hill railway station
*Vauxhall station
*Waterloo station
*Wandsworth Road railway station
*West Norwood railway station
*Eastfields railway station

Lambeth areas

*Brixton
*Clapham
*Crystal Palace
*Gipsy Hill
*Herne Hill
*Kennington
*Lambeth
*Loughborough Junction
*Oval and The Oval
*Stockwell
*Streatham
*Streatham Hill
*Eastfields
*Tulse Hill
*Vauxhall
*Waterloo
*West Dulwich
*West Norwood

Tube stations

*Brixton tube station
*Clapham Common tube station
*Clapham North tube station
*Clapham South tube station
*Kennington tube station
*Lambeth North tube station
*Oval tube station
*Stockwell tube station
*Vauxhall station
*Waterloo station

Individuals associated with Lambeth

*Diane Abbott (politician, television personality)
*Jeffrey Archer (politician, author)
*Linda Bellos (politician)
*William Blake
*Paul Boateng (politician and former civil rights lawyer)
*David Bowie (musician and actor)
*Charlie Chaplin (actor and director)
*Naomi Campbell (former supermodel)
*Dillinja (drum and bass DJ)
*Jo Guest (page 3 model, television presenter)
*Jeremy Hardy (alternative comedian)
*Keith Hill (politician)
*Kate Hoey (politician)
*Eddie Izzard (alternative comedian)
*Basement Jaxx (dance music act)
*Tessa Jowell (politician)
*Ken Livingstone (politician)
*John Major (former Prime Minister)
*Paul Merton (alternative comedian)
*Roger Moore (actor)
*John R. Pinniger (former councillor)
*John Scarlett (head of MI6)
*Henry Tate (sugar refiner and benefactor)

Christmas controversy

In November 2005, Lambeth London Borough Council became the centre of a controversy over the naming of the Christmas lights used in the annual festival "winter lights", and "Celebrity lights" [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/4398680.stm] . This was interpreted by many as an overzealous attempt at political correctness, and was reported in several national newspapers, including the Daily Mail as an attempt to "ban Christmas". A spokesperson for the council, however, announced that "It was a junior-level decision and it happened to go into print which was an error."

References

External links

* [http://www.lambeth.gov.uk/ Lambeth.gov.uk] London Borough of Lambeth Official Website
* [http://www.electionmemory.com/ electionmemory.com] Independent Lambeth Council Elections Forum
* [http://www.lambeth.gov.uk/Services/Environment/ParksGreenSpaces/Parks.htm General information on Lambeth parks and green spaces]
* [http://www.lambethcpcg.org.uk/ Community Police Consultative Group for Lambeth] Independent forum for community and statutory agencies to address community safety and policing issues.
* [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/freecyclelambeth/ Lambeth Freecycle]


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