Streatham (UK Parliament constituency)


Streatham (UK Parliament constituency)

UK constituency infobox alt
Name = Streatham


Type = Borough
Entity = Greater London
DivisionType = County
Division = Greater London
Year = 1918
MP = Keith Hill
Party = Labour
EP = London

Streatham is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Boundaries

Streatham is a long, thin constituency running down the western side of the London Borough of Lambeth. ["Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972" (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig, Political Reference Publications 1972] The town of Streatham constitutes only the four wards in the southern half of the constituency.

At its north-western tip it includes half of Clapham Common, while in the north-east it takes in part of the district of Brixton which is also split between neighbouring Vauxhall and Dulwich and West Norwood.

The northern boundary follows Clapham Park Road, Acre Lane and Coldharbour Lane through Clapham and Brixton. The current eastern boundary is more complex, following the pre-2004 local government ward boundaries - roughly including those parts of Brixton west of Brockwell Park, veering east to include the areas around Tulse Hill station and then heading southwest along the railway line and then south along Leigham Court Road. The southern and western constituency boundaries follow Lambeth's borough boundaries with Croydon, Merton and Wandsworth.

Boundary review

Following their review of parliamentary representation in South London, the Boundary Commission for England has made minor changes to the existing Streatham constituency.

The electoral wards used in the creation of the seat are:
*Brixton Hill, Clapham Common, St Leonard's, Streatham Hill, Streatham South, Streatham Wells, Thornton and Tulse Hill.

History

The first 'Streatham' constituency was contested in 1918 and approximately followed the historic parish boundaries of Streatham, including a substantial part of Balham. The seat became a byword for solidly Tory suburbia.

The constituency was carved out of the former constituency of Wandsworth. The rest of the Wandsworth constituency was divided into Putney, Wandsworth Central and Tooting and Balham.

The 1918 boundaries of the Streatham constituency remained unchanged until the 1965 changes to Greater London local government were eventually reflected in the constituency boundaries fought at the February 1974 general election. This resulted in a net reduction in the size of the Streatham constituency . The western districts which were now in the London Borough of Wandsworth were divided between two new constituencies. The Balham wards became part of Battersea South while Streatham Park (location of the Streatham Conservative Club) and the remainder of Furzedown ward went into Tooting.

The rest of the constituency, including the town of Streatham was now in the London Borough of Lambeth, and Streatham became one of four Borough constituency divisions of Lambeth, along with 'Vauxhall', 'Norwood' and 'Lambeth Central'. The Clapham constituency was abolished as part of the 1974 changes. The Clapham Park area and Hyde Farm (commonly thought of as part of Balham) came into the Streatham seat, whereas the rest of Clapham went into the Vauxhall seat - a split which continues to the present.

With the abolition of Lambeth Central at the 1983 election, the constituency gained much of southern Brixton. Following further population decline, Lambeth was paired with Southwark in the next boundary review, and from the 1997 election, Streatham constituency gained areas around Tulse Hill from the former Norwood constituency, the remainder of which became part of Dulwich and West Norwood.

Even more than other similar seats in South London (such as Croydon North, Dulwich, Lewisham East and West), Streatham has swung extremely heavily against the Conservative Party over the past fifteen years. The seat was previously so safe that the Conservatives still won it in disastrous years for them such as 1945 and 1966. However, demographic and voting pattern changes combined with unfavourable boundary changes conspired to turn Streatham first into a marginal and then into a very safe Labour seat. Having lost Streatham in 1992, the Conservatives were beaten narrowly into third place by the Liberal Democrats in 2001, and in 2005 fell into an even more distant third place, with the Lib Dems achieving a 10% swing from Labour to make the seat the site of a genuine contest with the Liberal Democrats at the next general election. Redrawn constituency boundaries are also expected to make the constituency less safe for Labour.

Members of Parliament

The Rt Hon Keith Hill was first elected in the 1992 General Election and is the first Labour MP for the Streatham constituency.

Previous Conservative MPs for Streatham were:
*Sir William Shelton 1970 - 1992
*Duncan Sandys 1950 - 1970
*Sir David Robertson 1939 -1950
*Sir William Lane Mitchell 1918 - 1939 - Sir William sat as a "Unionist"

The wartime by-election caused by Lane Mitchell's death was uncontested.

Next general election

Chris Nicholson was selected by the Liberal Democrats as their prospective candidate in November 2006. After some speculation, Hill confirmed in May 2007 that he would not be standing again [ [http://www.keithhillmp.org.uk/westminster/keith-hill-to-retire.html Keith Hill to retire] , keithhillmp.org.uk] . Chuka Umunna was subsequently selected by the Streatham Labour Party in March 2008 to stand at the next general election [ [http://www.streathamlabour.org.uk/2008/03/ Chuka wins parliamentary selection contest] Streatham Labour Party website]

Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Chris Nicholson [http://streathamlibdems.org.uk/]
votes =
percentage =
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Chuka Umunna [http://www.streathamlabour.org.uk/]
votes =
percentage =
change =

Election results

Election box begin
title=General Election 2005: Streatham
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Keith Hill
votes = 18,950
percentage = 46.7
change = −10.2
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Darren Sanders
votes = 11,484
percentage = 28.3
change = +10.0
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = James Sproule
votes = 7,238
percentage = 17.8
change = −1.0
Election box candidate with party link
party = Green Party of England and Wales
candidate = Shane Collins
votes = 2,245
percentage = 5.5
change = +1.1
Election box candidate with party link
party = United Kingdom Independence Party
candidate = Trevor Gittings
votes = 396
percentage = 1.0
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Workers Revolutionary Party (UK)
candidate = Billy Colvill
votes = 127
percentage = 0.3
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Independent (politician)
candidate = Philippa Stone
votes = 100
percentage = 0.2
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Independent (politician)
candidate = Robert West
votes = 40
percentage = 0.1
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Independent (politician)
candidate = Sarah Acheng
votes = 35
percentage = 0.1
change = "N/A"
Election box majority
votes = 7,466
percentage = 18.4
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 40,615
percentage = 51.3
change = +2.6
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing = −10.1

Election box begin
title=General Election 2001: Streatham
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Keith Hill
votes = 21,401
percentage = 57.3
change = -5.5
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Roger O'Brien
votes = 6,771
percentage = 18.1
change = +4.6
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Stephen Hocking
votes = 6,639
percentage = 17.8
change = -4.0
Election box candidate with party link
party = Green Party of England and Wales
candidate = Mohammed Sajid
votes = 1,641
percentage = 4.4
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Socialist Alliance (England)
candidate = Greg Tucker
votes = 906
percentage = 2.4
change = "N/A"
Election box majority
votes = 14,630
percentage = 39.2
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 37,358
percentage = 49.1
change = -11.0
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election 1997: Streatham
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Keith Hill
votes = 28,181
percentage = 62.8
change = +13.4
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = E. G. Noad
votes = 9,758
percentage = 21.7
change = -16.7
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Roger O'Brien
votes = 6,082
percentage = 13.6
change = +3.6
Election box candidate with party link
party = Referendum Party
candidate = J. J. Wall
votes = 864
percentage = 1.9
change = "N/A"
Election box majority
votes = 18,423
percentage = 41.1
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 44,885
percentage = 60.2
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election 1992: Streatham
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Keith Hill
votes = 18,925
percentage = 47.0
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Sir William Shelton
votes = 16,608
percentage = 41.3
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = M. J. Pindar
votes = 3,858
percentage = 9.6
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Green Party of England and Wales
candidate = R. C. L. Baker
votes = 443
percentage = 1.1
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Islamic Party of Britain
candidate = A. Hakin
votes = 154
percentage = 0.4
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Vote For Yourself Rainbow Dream Ticket
candidate = Cynthia Payne
votes = 145
percentage = 0.4
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Natural Law Party
candidate = J. V. Parsons
votes = 97
percentage = 0.2
change =
Election box majority
votes = 2,317
percentage = 5.7
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 40,230
percentage = 70.3
change =
Election box gain with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
loser = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election 1987: Streatham
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = W. J. M. Shelton
votes = 18,916
percentage = 45.0
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Mrs. E. A. Tapsall
votes = 16,509
percentage = 39.2
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = M. W. Tuffrey
votes = 6,663
percentage = 15.8
change =
Election box majority
votes = 2,407
percentage = 5.8
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 42,088
percentage = 69.5
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election 1983: Streatham
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = W. J. M. Shelton
votes = 18,264
percentage = 46.5
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Miss M. M. Long
votes = 12,362
percentage = 31.5
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = P. H. Billenness
votes = 8,321
percentage = 21.2
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = British National Front
candidate = K. D. Handy
votes = 321
percentage = 0.8
change =
Election box majority
votes = 5,902
percentage = 15.0
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 39,268
percentage = 65.4
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election 1979: Streatham
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = W. J. M. Shelton
votes = 19,630
percentage = 51.44
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = T. P. C. Daniel
votes = 14,130
percentage = 37.02
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = J. S. Pincham
votes = 3,779
percentage = 9.9
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = British National Front
candidate = G. W. Bryant
votes = 523
percentage = 1.37
change =
Election box candidate
party = Providers Through Care
candidate = A. J. Hollander
votes = 102
percentage = 0.27
change =
Election box majority
votes = 5,500
percentage = 14.41
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 38,164
percentage = 71.54
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election October 1974: Streatham
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = W. J. M. Shelton
votes = 16,515
percentage = 45.65
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = J. Gaffin
votes = 13,648
percentage = 37.73
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = R. Silver
votes = 4,987
percentage = 13.79
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = British National Front
candidate = T. Lamb
votes = 817
percentage = 2.26
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Independent (politician)
candidate = Miss T. E. Moore
votes = 210
percentage = 0.58
change =
Election box majority
votes = 2,867
percentage = 7.92
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 36,177
percentage = 64.08
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election February 1974: Streatham
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = W. J. M. Shelton
votes = 18,457
percentage = 45.15
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = J. Gaffin
votes = 13,982
percentage = 34.21
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = R. Silver
votes = 7,456
percentage = 18.24
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = British National Front
candidate = T. Lamb
votes = 937
percentage = 2.29
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Independent (politician)
candidate = Bill Boaks
votes = 45
percentage = 0.11
change =
Election box majority
votes = 4,475
percentage = 10.95
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 40,877
percentage = 72.78
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election 1966: Streatham
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = D. E. Sandys
votes = 19,872
percentage = 54.63
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = J. L. Walker
votes = 16,505
percentage = 45.37
change =
Election box majority
votes = 3,367
percentage = 9.26
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 36,377
percentage = 70.41
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

References

ee also

*List of Parliamentary constituencies in Greater London


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