infobox UK place
country = England
map_type = Greater London
Streatham IPA| ['strɛtəm] is a place in the
London Borough of Lambethin the United Kingdom. It is a multi-ethnic inner London suburb situated south of Brixton. Streatham is 5.5 miles (8.8 km) south of Charing Cross.
After the departure of the Romans, the road remained an important trackway. From the seventeenth century it was adopted as the main coach road to
Croydonand East Grinstead, and then on to Newhaven and Lewes. In 1780 it then became the route of the turnpike road from London to Brighton, and subsequently became the basis for the modern A23. This road(and its traffic) have shaped Streatham's development.
Streatham's parish church, St Leonard's, dates back to Saxon times, although only the mediaeval tower remains in the present church. The mediaeval parish covered an extensive area, including most of modern
Balhamand parts of Tooting.
Streatham appears in
Domesday Bookof 1086 as "Estreham". It was held by Bec-Hellouin Abbey (in Normandy) from Richard de Tonbrige. Its domesday assets were: 2 hides and 1 virgates; 6½ ploughs, convert|4|acre|m2 of meadow, and herbage. It rendered £4 5s 0d. [ [http://www.gwp.enta.net/surrnames.htm Surrey Domesday Book] ]
The village remained largely unchanged until the 18th century, when the village's natural springs, known as Streatham Wells, were first celebrated for their health giving properties. The reputation of the spa, and improved turnpike roads, attracted wealthy
City of Londonmerchants and others to lay out their country residences in Streatham. Few of these large houses still remain, as the area was rapidly urbanised as London expanded.
Streatham Park or Streatham Place
In the 1730s,
Streatham Park, a Georgian country mansion, was built by the brewer Ralph Thraleon land he bought from the Lord of the Manor- the fourth Duke of Bedford. Streatham Park later passed to Ralph's son Henry Thrale, who with his wife Hester Thraleentertained many of the leading literary and artistic characters of the day, most notably the lexicographer Samuel Johnson. The dining room contained 12 portraits of Henry's guests painted by his friend Joshua Reynolds. These pictures were wittily labelled by Fanny Burneyas the Streatham Worthies.
One large house which survives is Park Hill, on the north side of
Streatham Common, rebuilt in the early 19th century for the Leaf family. It was latterly the home of Sir Henry Tate, sugar refiner, benefactor of local libraries across south London, and founder of the Tate Galleryat Millbank.
Development accelerated after the opening of
Streatham Hill railway stationon the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railwayin 1856. The other two railway stations followed within fifteen years. Some estates, such as [http://www.telfordpark.plus.com/pages/telfordpark.html Telford Park] to the west of Streatham Hill were spaciously planned with facilities such as tennisclubs. Despite the local connections to the Dukes of Bedford, there is no link to the contemporary Bedford Parkin west London. Another generously sized development was Roupell Park, the area near Christchurch Road promoted by the Roupell family. Other streets adopted more conventional suburban layouts. There is now a mixture of buildings from all architectural eras of the past 200 years.
The inter-war period
Between the First World War and the
Second World WarStreatham developed as location for entertainment, with Streatham Hill Theatre (now a bingo hall) [http://www.arthurlloyd.co.uk/Streatham/2006.jpg] , three cinemas, the Locarno ballroom (now Caesar's nightclub) [http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1050/538957821_01f9e0ec08.jpg?v=0] and Streatham Ice Rink [http://www.djdee.co.uk/streatham.jpg] all adding to its reputation as "the West End of South London". With the advent of electric tram services [http://landmark.lambeth.gov.uk/siteimages/pic06/fullsize/05111.jpg] it also grew as a shopping centreserving a wide area to the south. In the 1930s large numbers of apartment blocks were constructed along the High Road. These speculative developments were not initially successful. They were only filled when émigré communities began to arrive in London after leaving countries under the domination of Hitler's Germany.
Retail decline and recovery
In the 1950s Streatham had the longest and busiest shopping street in south London. Streatham was the site of the first
Waitrosesupermarket, which opened in 1955. However a combination of factors led to a gradual decline through the 1970s and a more rapid decline in the 1980s. These included long term population movements out to Croydon, Kingston and Sutton; the growth of heavy traffic on the A23 (main road from central London to Gatwick Airportand Brighton), and a lack of redevelopment sites in the town centre. This culminated in 1990 when the closure of Pratts - a department store, which had grown from a Victorian draper's shop, and had been operated since the 1940s by the John Lewis Partnership- coincided with the opening of a large Sainsburys supermarket [http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1087/917151974_e3ff46e4e2.jpg?v=0] [http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2346/2283754345_fc33bcec10.jpg?v=0] [http://l.yimg.com/g/images/spaceball.gif] 1 km south of the town centre.
More recently Sainsbury's opened a smaller 'Local' branch on the High Road, close to the site of the first J Sainsbury store in Streatham (opened in 1895). The company also has offices in Streatham. Other fairly recent additions, such as Argos, are located on the site of Pratts' (see above) but the retail recovery has been slow, and vacant space has been taken by a growing number of restaurants and bars.
Streatham is a place of contrasts, with middle class families occupying houses in leafy streets that fetch over £500,000 while there are large amounts of asylum seekers, predominantly from north and east African countries.
In September 2002,
Streatham High Roadwas voted the "Worst Street in Britain" [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/2270840.stm Britons name 'best and worst streets'] ] in a poll organised by the BBC"Today" programme and CABE. This largely reflected the dominance of through traffic along the High Road. On a positive note this was a catalyst for Lambeth Council and Transport for London's Street Management to start co-operating, and there is now a joint funding arrangement for ongoing streetscape improvements, although spending has been slowed because of TfL's budgetary shortfall.
Investment and regeneration had begun before the poll, with local amenity group [http://www.streathamsociety.org.uk The Streatham Society] leading a successful partnership bid for funding from central government for environmental improvements. Work started in winter 2003-04 with the refurbishment of Streatham Green and repaving and relighting of the High Road. In 2005 Streatham Green won the Metropolitan Public Gardens Association 'London Spade' award for best public open space scheme in the capital.
[http://www.streathamfestival.com/ Streatham Festival] was founded in 2002. Now in its sixth year, it is a two-week festival with over 50 events held in an array of locations, from bars to churches and parks to youth centres, attracting over 3,000 people.
The only official
English Heritageblue plaque in central Streatham is on the childhood home of composer Sir Arnold Bax in Pendennis Road. Just within the modern boundaries of Streatham Hill, although historically it was in Norwood, there is also a blue plaque on the house in Lanercost Road where Arthur Meethe writer of Arthur Mee's Children's Encyclopedia lived.
Perhaps because of its good late night transport connections to the West End, and the availability of apartments as well as family houses, Streatham and nearby
Brixton Hillhave attracted entertainers to live in the area since the days of Music Hall.
There is a Streatham Society plaque to the birthplace of comedian
Tommy Trinderat 54 Wellfield Road. Others with local connections include actors Roger Moore, Simon Callow, Peter Davison, Nicholas Clayand June Whitfield, saucy seaside postcardartist Donald McGilland alternative comedians Eddie Izzard, Jeremy Hardy, Paul Mertonand "housewives favourite" actor Neil Pearson. Naomi Campbell, the archetypal supermodel, went to Dunraven Comprehensive Schoolin Streatham and lived in the nearby Norburypart of SW16.
Also from the world of fashion
Sir Norman Hartnell, dressmaker to the Queen, was born in Streatham. The Diorfashion designer John Gallianospent some of his youth in Streatham before moving to nearby Dulwich. Aleister Crowley, later dubbed "The Wickedest Man In the World", spent his teenage years during the 1880s in Streatham at a house opposite the present ice rink.
Drum and Bass DJ
Grooverideris from Streatham as is the first Mayor of Londonand former head of the GLC Ken Livingstone. Cynthia Payneis a renowned " madam" who made the headlines in the 1970s and 1980s with her brothelin Ambleside Avenue, Streatham.
Zardad Khanlived in Gleneagle Road, Streatham, before his arrest in 2003. Siobhan Dowdthe author lived in Abbotsford Road, Streatham (1960-1978).
Beryl Kingston, popular novelist, lived at Strathbrook Road, Streatham, from 1956 - 1980 and taught at what was then Rosa Basett School in Welham Road, and also at Sunnyhill Primary School.
Streatham Redskins( ice hockey)
Crystal Palace F.C.
Dulwich Hamlet F.C.
South London Storm( rugby league)
*There is an annual [http://www.streathamkiteday.org.uk/ kite fair] on
Nearest railway stations
Norbury railway station
Streatham Common railway station
Streatham Hill railway station
Streatham railway station
* [http://www.streathamsociety.org.uk/ The Streatham Society - local amenity society with active local history group]
* [http://www.streathamfestival.com/ The Streatham Festival - annual arts festival]
* [http://www.stleonard-streatham.org.uk/ St Leonard's Church - historic parish church]
* [http://www.streathamhillcatholic.co.uk/ Sts Simon + Jude - Catholic parish church of Streatham Hill]
* [http://www.lambethlandmark.com Lambeth Landmark - Lambeth Council's online photographic archive]
* [http://www.ideal-homes.org.uk/lambeth/main/streatham.htm A history of Suburban Streatham - by Graham Gower]
* [http://www.ideal-homes.org.uk/lambeth/main/images-streatham.htm Images of Streatham on Lambeth Landmark]
* [http://www.telfordpark.plus.com/pages/telfordpark.html Telford Park Estate history]
* [http://www.thrale.com/history/english/hester_and_henry/homes/streatham_park.php Streatham Park - description on Thrale.com - Thrale family history site]
The sites below are commercial but may provide information on Streatham based activities:
* [http://www.swsixteen.com/ swsixteen.com is "an online community and news site for the Streatham area".]
* [http://www.streathamlife.co.uk/ StreathamLife.co.uk was "an online portal for people living and working in the Streatham area" - now dormant?]
* [http://www.westcotestudios.co.uk/ Streatham Art Studios - spaces occupied by artists]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Streatham — … Deutsch Wikipedia
Streatham — (spr. ßtréttäm), Stadtteil von London, im Verwaltungsbezirk Wandsworth, 10 km im SSW. der Londonbrücke, hoch gelegen, mit chemischen Fabriken, dem von Johnson besuchten Thrale House und (1901) 71,658 Einw … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Streatham — 51° 25′ 40″ N 0° 07′ 25″ W / 51.4279, 0.1235 … Wikipédia en Français
STREATHAM — (48), a Surrey suburb of London, 6½ m. SW. of St. Paul s … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Streatham and Clapham High School — Streatham Clapham High School Established 1887 Type Independent school, Day school Religion Non denomina … Wikipedia
Streatham Park — is an area of suburban southwest London. It comprises the eastern part of Furzedown ward in the London Borough of Wandsworth, formerly in the historic parish of Streatham. It is bounded by Tooting Bec Common to the north, Thrale Road and West… … Wikipedia
Streatham Common — is a large open space on the southern edge of Streatham, London. It is one of two former areas of common land in the former parish of Streatham. The other is now known as Tooting Bec Common After inclosure, the Common was purchased for use as a… … Wikipedia
Streatham High Road — Streatham High Road, some two miles (3.6km) in length, is part of the main A23 road from London to Brighton, and is in the London Borough of Lambeth. It begins in the north at Streatham Hill railway station, being an end on junction with… … Wikipedia
Streatham and Mitcham R.L.F.C. — Streatham and Mitcham RLFC were a professional rugby league team based at Mitcham Stadium in London.In the present day, top amateur rugby league side, South London Storm play close to the former Mitcham stadium and a junior Mitcham rugby league… … Wikipedia
Streatham Park — Géographie Pays Royaume Uni Nation constitutive Angleterre … Wikipédia en Français