Mawsynram


Mawsynram
Mawsynram
—  jacob  —
Mawsynram
Location of Mawsynram
in Meghalaya and India
Coordinates 25°17′N 91°21′E / 25.28°N 91.35°E / 25.28; 91.35Coordinates: 25°17′N 91°21′E / 25.28°N 91.35°E / 25.28; 91.35
Country India
State Meghalaya
District(s) East Khasi Hills
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)

Mawsynram is a village in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya state in north-eastern India, 56 kilometers from Shillong. It is reportedly the wettest place on Earth, with an annual rainfall of 11,872 millimetres (467.4 in). According to the Guinness Book of World Records Mawsynram received an incredible 26,000 millimetres (1,000 in) in 1985.

Oxford geographer Nick Middleton's book on people who live in extreme climates, Going to Extremes (ISBN 0-330-49384-1), chronicles his visit to the village, and describes how the inhabitants cope with such extreme precipitation.

Contents

Location

Mawsynram is located at 25º 18' N, 91º 35' E, its altitude is about 1,400 metres (4,600 ft).Mawsynram is located about 16 km west of Cherrapunji, on the Khasi Hills. Name of village contains Maw, a Khasi word meaning stone and thus might refer to certain megaliths in surroundings[1]. Khasi Hills are rich with such megaliths - Khasi monoliths erected fairly recently to commemorate important events and people.

Rainfall

Based on the data of a recent few decades, Mawsynram, located about 15 km north-west of Cherrapunji in the state of Meghalaya (India) appears to be the wettest place in the world or the place with the highest average annual rainfall. However, the village does not have a proper meteorological station and NOAA indicates Lloró in Colombia as the wettest place on Earth.[2] Mawsynram, receives nearly 12 m of rain in an average year, and a vast majority of it falls during the monsoon months. A comparison of rainfalls for Cherrapunji and Mawsynram for some years is given in Table 1.[3]

Table 1: Comparison of rainfalls for Cherrapunji and Mawsynram for some years.

Year Cherrapunji Rainfall (mm) Mawsynram Rainfall (mm)
2002 12,262 11,300
2001 9,071 10,765
2000 11,221 13,561
1999 12,503 13,444
1998 14,536 16,090

Three reasons can be cited for high rainfall at Mawsynram:

1. The warm moist winds of the northward-moving air from the Bay of Bengal during the monsoon, which cover an extensive area but are forced to converge into the narrower zone over the Khasi Hills, thus concentrating their moisture.

2. The alignment of the Khasi Hills (east to west) places them directly in the path of the airflow from the Bay of Bengal, producing a significant uplift (plus cooling, further condensation and thus more rain).

3. Finally, uplift over the Khasi Hills is virtually continuous in the monsoon period because the lifted air is constantly being pulled up by vigorous winds in the upper atmosphere, hence the rainfall is more or less continuous.

Natural landmarks

Located in Mawsynram, is a cave named Mawjymbuin. Inside this cave is a pair of notable speleothems - breast-shaped stalactite over a massive stalagmite which is shaped by nature into a Shivalinga[4]. Also found here is loaf-shaped rocky dome with a nearly flat top among the hillocks. It is called Symper Rock.

External links

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mawsynram — 25° 17′ N 91° 21′ E / 25.28, 91.35 Cette ville de l État du Meghalaya en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Climate of Asia — Worldwide climate classifications The Climate of Asia is moist across southeast sections, and dry across much of the interior. Some of the largest daily temperature ranges on Earth occur in western sections of Asia. The monsoon circulation… …   Wikipedia

  • Climate of India — …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Waialeale — Waiʻaleʻale Waiʻaleʻale (or Rippling Waters ) Lake, the namesake of Mount Waiʻaleʻale …   Wikipedia

  • Meghalaya —   State   Seal …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Waiʻaleʻale — Geobox|Mountain name = Waiokinaaleokinaale native name = other name = category = etymology = image caption =Waialeale(Lake) or Rippling Waters, the small lake that is the namesake of Waialeale. country = US state = HI region = Kauai district =… …   Wikipedia

  • East Khasi Hills district — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name = East Khasi Hills District locator position = left state name = Meghalaya district = East Khasi Hills leader title = Mayor leader name = ? altitude = 1525 population as of = 2001 population total = 660994… …   Wikipedia

  • Cherrapunji — Sohra   town   …   Wikipedia

  • Kaua'i — Dieser Artikel behandelt die Insel Kauaʻi. Für das gleichnamige County, siehe Kauai County. Kauaʻi Satellitenbild von Kauaʻi Gewässer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kauai — Dieser Artikel behandelt die Insel Kauaʻi. Für das gleichnamige County, siehe Kauai County. Kauaʻi Satellitenbild von Kauaʻi Gewässer …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.