- Jean-Claude Van Damme
Jean-Claude Van Damme
Van Damme at Cannes Film Festival (2010)
Born Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg
18 October 1960
Other names Muscles from Brussels, JCVD, Van Damage Occupation Actor, martial artist, director Years active 1984–present (acting) Spouse Maria Rodriguez (m. 1980–1984)
Cynthia Derderian (m. 1985–1986)
Darcy LaPier (m. 1994–1997)
Gladys Portugues (m. 1987–1992) and (1999–present); 2 children)
Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg (born 18 October 1960), professionally known as Jean-Claude Van Damme, is a Belgian martial artist and actor, best known for his martial arts action films, the most successful of which include Bloodsport (1988), Kickboxer (1989), Double Impact (1991), Universal Soldier (1992), Hard Target (1993), Timecop (1994), and JCVD (2008). He is known as "The Muscles from Brussels".
After studying martial arts intensively from the age of ten, Van Damme achieved national success in Belgium as a martial artist and bodybuilder, earning the "Mr. Belgium" bodybuilding title. He immigrated to the United States in 1982 to pursue a career in film, and achieved success with Bloodsport (1988), based on a story written by Frank Dux. He attained subsequent box office success with Timecop (1994), which grossed over $100 million worldwide and became his most financially successful film.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Filmography
- 5 Semi Contact/Light-Contact Record
- 6 Professional Kickboxing Record
- 7 Amateur Kickboxing Record
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
Van Damme was born in Berchem-Sainte-Agathe, Brussels, Belgium, the son of Eliana and Eugène Van Varenberg, who was an accountant. He began martial arts at the age of ten, enrolled by his father in a Shotokan karate school. His styles consist of kickboxing, Shotokan karate, Muay Thai and Taekwondo. He eventually earned his black belt in karate. He started lifting weights to improve his physique, which eventually led to a Mr. Belgium bodybuilding title.
Jean-Claude Van Damme Born Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg
18 October 1960
Berchem-Sainte-Agathe, Brussels, Belgium
Other names The Muscles from Brussels
Nationality Belgian Height 1.77 metres (5 ft 10 in) Weight 80 kg (180 lb) (currently)
73 kg (160 lb) (fighting weight)
Style Kickboxing, Muay Thai, Shotokan Karate, Taekwondo Trainer Claude Goetz
Rank Shotokanblack belt in Years active 1976–1982 (martial arts) Kickboxing record Total 3 Wins 3 By knockout 3 Losses 0 Amateur career Total 30 Wins 28 Losses 2
Kickboxing and Full-Contact Matches
At the age of 11, Van Damme joined the Centre National De Karaté (National Center of Karate) under the guidance of Claude Goetz in France. Van Damme trained for four years and he earned a spot on the Belgian Karate Team.
In 1976, Jean-Claude is reported to have started his competive career in Ingelmunster, Belgium in a semi-contact match which was sanctioned by the European Karate Union. He defeated fellow Belgium Roland Vedani.
The following year, Van Damme remained undefeated with victories over Maurice Devos, Andre LeMaire and fellow team-mate Patrick Teugels in non-tournament matches sanctioned by the World All-Styles Karate Organization. In his first tournament competition, Van Damme placed second at the Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials). Jean-Claude defeated 25 opponents in the three day tournament (including Eric "Bruno" Strauss, Michel Juvillier, and Orlando Lang) before losing in the finals to fellow team-mate Angelo Spataro. In 1978, Van Damme fought Patrick Teugels in a bid for the Belguim Sem-Contact Leightweight Title. However, the more experienced Teugels won the decision in 2-rounds. Next, Van Damme failed to place at the WAKO World Championships, losing in the opening match.
Van Damme travelled with the Belgium Team to Tampa, Florida in the United States in November 1979. Van Damme earned the berth on the team by defeating Andre Robaeys, Jacques Piniarski and Rolf Risberg. In Tampa, Van Damme lost his first semi-contact match and is eliminated from placing in the WAKO World Championships for the second consecutive year. Promoter Mike Anderson recalled Van Damme as a "flashy fighter" at the championships.
Upon his return to Europe, Jean-Claude was a member of the Belgium Team when it won the European Championship on the 26th of December, 1979 at La Coupe Francois Persoons Karate Tournament in Brussels, Belgium. Van Damme defeated British and European Middleweight Champion Michael J. Heming in the finals; enabling his team to take the championship.
Jean-Claude Van Damme ended his semi-contact career on the 8th of March, 1980 at the Forest National in Brussels. Van Damme knocked Patrick Teugels down and scored a first round technical knockout victory. Teugels suffered a nose injury and was unable to continue. 
During the time that Van Damme competed, all WAKO tournaments and promotions were amateur. It thus appears that all of Van Damme's matches (both semi-contact and full-contact) were amateur bouts.
Van Damme's record consists mostly of semi-contact matches, but he did compete in at least three full-contact matches in which boxing gloves were worn and knockouts were permitted.
In 1979 at the WAKO World Championships in Tampa,Florida Jean-Claude faced Sherman Bergman, a kickboxer from Miami Beach,Florida, USA. The match was fought under full-contact rules, but was not a tournament match. Van Damme was knocked to the canvas after absorbing a powerful left hook. However, Jean-Claude climbed off the canvas and with an ax-kick, knocked Bergman out in 56 seconds of the first round.
According to FightingArts.com, Jean-Claude knocked out Georges Verlugels in two rounds at a PKA promotion in 1980. His victory caught the attention of the European martial arts community. Professional Karate Magazine publisher and editor Mike Anderson, and multiple European champion Geet Lemmens, tabbed Jean-Claude Van Damme as an upcoming prospect.
In 1982 at the 1st Journée Des Arts Martiaux Van Damme knocked out Lenny Leikman in 3 rounds. A photo of the match shows both men wearing boxing gloves.
Fight Record Controversy
When Jean-Claude Van Damme became an action film star, there were many fight records. Van Damme's office supplied a list of four European karate trophies that he earned under his real name, Van Varenberg, between 1978 and 1981: the Hope Cup; the Cup of Antwerp; World Championship, WAKO; and the Gala International. Van Damme's lawyer, Martin Singer, made a public statement defending his client: "There are records to document his martial-arts acclaim. He's the one who does those splits on chairs. He doesn't have a stunt man do that. "
Van Damme's record is posted on the net as 20-2 (20 knockouts). Paul Maslak of the STAR System World Kickboxing Ratings researched this record and came up with facts that showed that most of these fights were really semi-contact matches. However, photos and newspaper reports have also supported that Van Damme indeed had full-contact/kick-boxing matches.
In 1982, Van Damme and childhood friend, Michel Qissi, moved to America in the hope of becoming action stars. They both were cast as extras in the film, Breakin'. After a small part in Missing In Action, Van Damme was next cast in the film No Retreat, No Surrender, as the role of the villain, Ivan the Russian. Van Damme worked for director John McTiernan for the 1987 film Predator as the titular alien, before being removed and replaced by Kevin Peter Hall. His breakout film was Bloodsport, based on the alleged true story of Frank Dux. Shot on a 1.5 million dollar budget, it became a U.S. box-office hit in the spring of 1988. He then starred in the smaller budgeted film Cyborg. His last role for 1989 was Kurt Sloane in the successful Kickboxer. In this film, his character fought to avenge his brother who had been paralyzed by a Thai kickboxing champion (Qissi).
Double Impact featured Van Damme in the dual role of Alex and Chad Wagner, two brothers fighting to avenge the deaths of their parents. This film reunited him with his former Bloodsport co-star, Bolo Yeung. He then starred opposite Dolph Lundgren in the action film Universal Soldier. While it grossed $36,299,898 in the U.S., it was an even bigger success overseas, making over $65 million, well over its modest $23 million budget, making it Van Damme's highest grossing film at the time.
Van Damme followed Nowhere To Run and Hard Target with Timecop in 1994. The film was a huge success, grossing over $100 million worldwide. In the film, Van Damme played a time traveling cop, who tries to prevent the death of his wife. It remains his highest grossing film to date.
After his role in the poorly received Street Fighter, his projects started to fail at the box office. The Quest (1996), which he directed; Maximum Risk (1996) and Double Team (1997) were box-office flops.
The 1999 film Universal Soldier: The Return which was also a box-office flop, and Van Damme's last theatrically released film until 2008. In 2003, Van Damme employed his dancing training in the music video for Bob Sinclar's Kiss My Eyes.
He returned to mainstream with limited theatrical release of the critically acclaimed film JCVD in 2008. Time magazine named Van Damme's performance in the film the second best of the year (after Heath Ledger's The Joker in The Dark Knight), having previously stated that Van Damme "deserves not a black belt, but an Oscar". Van Damme indicated while promoting the film, he experienced a period of homelessness "sleeping on the street and starving in L.A."
Van Damme reprised his role as Luc Deveraux in the 2009 film Universal Soldier: Regeneration.
Van Damme Voiced "Master Croc" in Kung Fu Panda 2 released worldwide on May 26, 2011 and would become Van Damme's most successful film to date with the movie grossing well over $600 million worldwide.
Also In 2011, Van Damme participated in various commercials for Coors Light beer, in which he is located on a snow-covered mountain, wearing a sleeveless denim jacket, and appeared in commercials for washing powder "Dash". He also took part in special birthday celebrations of Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov, which raised objections from human rights groups because of Kadyrov's human rights record.
He was offered a lead role in Sylvester Stallone's latest film The Expendables. Stallone called Van Damme personally to offer him the role, but Van Damme turned it down. He has a series of film projects scheduled for 2011, including another Universal Soldier movie which will appear between 2011 and 2012, and the role of a villain in the sequel to The Expendables. On June 30, 2011, Van Damme confirmed his participation in The Expendables 2.
Van Damme will make a return to fighting and is scheduled to fight former boxing Olympic gold-medalist Somluck Kamsing in November 2011. Early reports have named Las Vegas, USA, Moscow, Russia and Macau, China, Thailand as locations for the bout but it now fight will take place in Dubai, Moscow. or Grozny At the prospect of being the first man over the age of 50 to kickbox professionally, Van Damme stated that "it's kind of dangerous, but life is short." The fight is postponed to May or June 2012.
At the age of 16 he took up ballet, which he studied for five years. According to Van Damme, ballet "is an art, but it's also one of the most difficult sports. If you can survive a ballet workout, you can survive a workout in any other sport." In the French-speaking world, Van Damme is well known for the picturesque aphorisms that he delivers on a wide range of topics (personal well-being, the environment, etc.) in a sort of Zen franglais. Most famous and often quoted was his repeated use of the English word aware during an interview for a French channel, to convey the notion of self-awareness as a key to success.
He is training for his upcoming fight with cage fighters Chris 'Ball-Breaker' Banister, Jules 'Crown Jewels' Fox and the champion Paul 'Pistol-Fists' Shah in his home country Belgium.
Van Damme has been married five times, including two marriages with bodybuilder and fitness competitor Gladys Portugues. Van Damme is the father of three children: Kristopher Van Varenberg (born 1987), Bianca (born 1990), and Nicholas (born 1995).
Health and addiction
Van Damme had troubles with cocaine that started during 1995. He entered a month-long rehabilitation program in 1996 but left it after only one week. In 1996, he spent up to $10,000 a week on cocaine. He is also reported to have experienced bipolar disorder. A turning point in his health issues came in late 1997, after having signed divorce papers charging him with spousal abuse, and drug addiction.
Year Title Role Notes 1984 Breakin' Guy dancing in the background Uncredited Monaco Forever Karate Man Missing in Action Car Driver Stunt man 1985 No Retreat, No Surrender Ivan Krushensky 1988 Bloodsport Frank Dux Fight choreographer/Writer Black Eagle Andrei 1989 Cyborg Gibson Rickenbacker Kickboxer Kurt Sloane Writer 1990 Death Warrant Louis Burke Lionheart Lyon Gaultier Fight choreographer 1991 Double Impact Alex Wagner/Chad Wagner Double role
MTV Movie Awards nomination for Most Desirable Male
1992 Universal Soldier Luc Deveraux/GR44 1993 Hard Target Chance Boudreaux MTV Movie Awards nomination for Most Desirable Male Nowhere to Run Sam Gillen MTV Movie Awards nomination for Most Desirable Male Last Action Hero Himself Cameo Cyborg 2 Gibson Rickenbacker Archive footage 1994 Street Fighter Colonel William F. Guile Based on same-titled video game Timecop Max Walker Double role Kickboxer 4 Kurt Sloane Archive footage, uncredited 1995 Sudden Death Darren McCord 1996 Maximum Risk Alain Moreau/Mikhail Suverov Double role The Quest Christopher Dubois Directional debut
1997 Double Team Jack Quinn Razzie Award for Worst Screen Couple (with Dennis Rodman) 1998 Legionnaire Alain Lefevre Producer Knock Off Marcus Ray 1999 Universal Soldier: The Return Luc Devereaux Producer, last theatrical release until JCVD Inferno Eddie Lomax Film is also known as "Desert Heat" 2001 The Order Rudy Cafmeyer/Charles Le Vaillant Double role Replicant Edward "The Torch" Garrotte/Replicant Double role 2002 Derailed Jacques Kristoff 2003 In Hell Kyle LeBlanc 2004 Wake of Death Ben Archer Narco Jean's ghost by Lenny 2006 The Hard Corps Phillip Sauvage Second in Command Sam Keenan The Exam Charles 2007 Until Death Anthony Stowe 2008 The Shepherd: Border Patrol Jack Robideaux First work with Scott Adkins JCVD JCVD Return to mainstream with limited theatrical release
2008: Toronto Film Critics Association Awards nomination for Best Actor
2009: Chlotrudis Awards nomination for Best Actor
2009 Universal Soldier: Regeneration Luc Deveraux Limited theatrical release in Israel, Singapore, Philippines, Malaysia, United Arab Emirates, India, Jordan, Lebanon, Italy, Japan, Pakistan 2011 Kung Fu Panda 2 Master Croc First voice over in a theatrical release Assassination Games Vincent Brazil Limited theatrical release in US, Wide theatrical release in Russia, Second work with Scott Adkins Beur sur la ville Colonel Merot Wide theatrical release in France 2012 Dragon Eyes Jean-Luis Tiano Post-production Rzhevskiy vs. Napoleon Himself Wide theatrical release in Russia and Ukraine Universal Soldier: A New Dimension Luc Deveraux Post-production, Third work with Scott Adkins The Eagle Path Frenchy Producer, Director, Writer and Editor The Butcher Samson Gaul Post-production, Theatrical release The Expendables 2 Jean Vilain (leader of an opposing team of mercenaries) Filming, Wide theatrical release, Fourth work with Scott Adkins Dragon Eyes 2: Fist of the Dragon Jean-Luis Tiano Announced Welcome to the Jungle Storm Rotchild (ex-marine team building coach) Pre-production 2013 U.F.O. George (retired military advisor) Post-production
- Van Damme has been cast in "dual roles" in a single film many times during his career. Most cases involve two distinct characters, but others (such as Timecop) involve the same character from different periods of time-travel. These scenes often necessitate special editing or blue-screen cinematography to have two versions of the actor interacting in the same scene.
Year Title Episode Role 1996 Friends "The One After the Superbowl" Himself 2004 Las Vegas "Die Fast, Die Furious" Himself 2009 Robot Chicken "Maurice Was Caught" Himself, Rhett Butler, Dracula 2011 Jean-Claude Van Damme: Behind Closed Doors 1 season (8 episodes) Himself Les Anges Gardiens 1 season (20 episodes) Himself
Semi Contact/Light-Contact Record
Result Record Opponent Method Date Round Time Event Location Notes Win 28-2-0 Henk Besselman l'abandon 1981 1 Brussels, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 27-2-0 Patrick Teugels l'abandon March 8, 1980 1 Forest Nationals Brussels, Belgium Light-Contact (Match was billed for the EPKA Amateur Middleweight Title.Teugels suffers a broken nose and is unable to continue. Van Damme wins title) Win 26-2-0 Andres Kovac 1980 2 Brussels, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 25-2-0 Michael J. Heming l'abandon 1980 2 Brussels, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 24-2-0 Bekim-Moussa Muhammad 1980 1 Brussels, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 23-2-0 Mustapha-Ahmad Benamou 1980 1 Brussels, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 22-2-0 unknown German opponent December 26, 1979 2 Karate Tournament: Belgium Team vs. German Team Woluwe, Brussels, Belgium Semi Contact Win 21-2-0 Gilberto Dias l'abandon November 1979 1 World-All Styles Karate Organization Brussels, Belgium Semi-Contact (Dias suffers ankle injury and is unable to continue.) Win 20-2-0 Rolf Risberg 1979 1 World-All Styles Karate Organization Ingelmunster, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 19-2-0 Jacques Piniarski 1979 1 World-All Styles Karate Organization Opprebais, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 18-2-0 Andre Robaeys 1979 1 World-All Styles Karate Organization,Europe Interland Cup Mulhouse, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 17-2-0 Cyrille Nollet 1978 1 World-All Styles Karate Organization Izegem, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 16-2-0 Emile Leibman 1978 1 World-All Styles Karate Organization Izegem, Belgium Semi-Contact Loss 15-2-0 Angelo Spataro 1978 2 Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials) Antwerp, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 15-1-0 Farid Muhammad Mousseau 1978 2 Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials) Antwerp, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 14-1-0 Jacques van Laere 1978 2 Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials) Antwerp, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 13-1-0 Christian Hedin 1978 2 Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials) Antwerp, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 12-1-0 Gerard Charon 1978 2 Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials) Antwerp, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 11-1-0 Orlando Lang 1978 2 Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials) Antwerp, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 10-1-0 Michel Juvillier 1978 2 Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials) Antwerp, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 9-1-0 Eric Bruno Strauss 1978 1 Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials) Antwerp, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 8-1-0 Patrick Teugels 1977 2 Antwerp Open International Competition WAKO Antwerp, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 7-1-0 Andre Lemaire 1977 1 World Association of Kickboxing Organizations Open International Izegem, Belgium Semi-Contact Loss 6-1-0 Patrick Teugels 1977 2 World Association of Kickboxing Organizations Open International Izegem, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 6-0-0 Maurice Devos 1977 2 World Allstyles Kickboxing Organization Antwerp, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 5-0-0 Jacques Berri 1976 1 Antwerp Open WAKO Antwerp, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 4-0-0 Johannes Binding 1976 1 Antwerp Open WAKO Antwerp, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 3-0-0 Jean-Morin Devigne 1976 1 Antwerp Open WAKO Antwerp, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 2-0-0 Roland Vedani 1976 1 European Karate Union Ingelmunster, Belgium Semi-Contact Win 1-0-0 Toon Van Oostrum Oostrum injured; unable to continue. 1976 1 0:46 European Karate Union Brussels, Belgium Semi-Contact
Professional Kickboxing Record
Result Record Opponent Method Date Round Time Event Location Notes Somluck Kamsing May or June 2012 Dubai, Moscow or Grozny Kickboxing
Amateur Kickboxing Record
Result Record Opponent Method Date Round Time Event Location Notes Win 3-0-0 Lenny Leikman KO 1982 3 1st Journée Des Arts Martiaux Brussels, Belgium Kickboxing Win 2-0-0 Georges Verlugels KO 1980 2 Brussels, Belgium Kickboxing Win 1-0-0 Sherman Bergman KO (axe kick) November 1979 1 0:56 W.A.K.O. World Championships 1979 Tampa, Florida, USA Kickboxing (Match takes places at the WAKO World Championships, but is a non-tournament match.Van Damme climbs off floor to win.)
- ^ French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃ klod vɑ̃ dam].
- ^ "The Career Makeover of Jean-Claude Van Damme". Entertainment Weekly. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,305298,00.html. Retrieved 2010-11-25.
- ^ Wallace, David (20 August 1991). "Will Van Damme Have Schwarzenegger's Kick?". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1991-08-20/entertainment/ca-1454_1_van-damme/3. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- ^ Richards, David (4 September 1994). "FILM; Jean-Claude Van Damme, the, uh, Actor?". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1994/09/04/movies/film-jean-claude-van-damme-the-uh-actor.html?scp=4&sq=jean%20claude%20van%20damme&st=cse. Retrieved 2010-08-08.
- ^ a b Grobel, Lawrence (1 January 1995). "Playboy interview". Playboy.
- ^ "Jean-Claude Van Damme Biography (1960–)". Filmreference.com. http://www.filmreference.com/film/93/Jean-Claude-Van-Damme.html. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- ^ "Jean-Claude van Damme Biography – Yahoo! Movies". Movies.yahoo.com. http://movies.yahoo.com/movie/contributor/1800019806/bio. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- ^ "Why is he famous?". AskMen.com. http://uk.askmen.com/celebs/interview_300/311_jean-claude-van-damme.html. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
- ^ a b Stanley, John (2 April 1989). "Belgian Bruiser Muscles Into B-Movie Scene". San Francisco Chronicle.
- ^ Karate black belt[dead link]
- ^ Jean Claude Van Damme: Behind Closed Doors Episode 1 (1/3). Youtube.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ Official Facebook page. Facebook.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ Katherine Drobot Lawrence, Jean-Claude Van Damme (The Rosen Publishing Group, 2002), p. 11.
- ^ http://starsystemkickboxing.net/JeanClaudeVanDamme.aspx,
- ^ In, Hollywood. (2011-06-16) Van Dam Biography | All About Hollywood. Hollywoodaccessin.blogspot.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Jean-Claude Van Damme. Starsystemkickboxing.net (1984-06-04). Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ "CNK – Centre National de Karaté". Jcvandamme.net. http://www.jcvandamme.net/cnk/Anglais/CNKen/cnken.html. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- ^ a b 1979-JCVD-DOWN | Flickr – Photo Sharing!. Flickr. Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ "Jean-Claude Van Damme fan site". 123allcelebs.com. http://www.123allcelebs.com/biography_of_jean-claude_van_damme-683_eng.html. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- ^ a b JCVDKOBERGMAN | Flickr – Photo Sharing!. Flickr. Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ a b Jean Claude van Damme: Behind The Public Image. FightingArts.com (2011-08-15). Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ Dasril, Fiedri. (2010-08-23) WORLD FAMOUS PEOPLE: Jean-Claude Van Damme. World-famous-people.blogspot.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ Haufrect, Ian T (2001). "If It Bleeds, We Can Kill It". 20th Century Fox.
- ^ Bates, James (23 September 1994). "Van Damme Gains 'Franchise' Status". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1994-09-23/business/fi-42149_1_van-damme. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- ^ Corliss, Richard (November 3, 2008). "The Top 10 Everything of 2008: Top 10 Movie Performances". Time (Time Warner). http://www.time.com/time/specials/2008/top10/article/0,30583,1855948_1864351_1864363,00.html. Retrieved October 1, 2009.
- ^ Corliss, Richard; Grossman, Lev; Ponewozik, James; Zoglin, Richard (November 13, 2008). "Short List". Time (Time Warner). http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1858885,00.html. Retrieved October 1, 2009.
- ^ Rollings, Grant (6 February 2009). "Jean-Claude Van Damme interview". Sun (London, England). Van Damme: "My eldest son doesn't know how to deal with society because I over-protect him because of my last life of being on the street and sleeping on the street and starving in L.A. I didn't want him to have that."
- ^ Miriam Elder (13 October 2011). "Hilary Swank 'regrets' partying with Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/oct/13/hilary-swank-regrets-chechen-party.
- ^ Van Damme talks Expendables II (Fights Stallone). Youtube.com (2011-06-17). Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ Exclusive: Jean-Claude Van Damme Talks To Today.Az, Remembers Baku. Today.az. Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ "http://www.fiveknuckles.com/mma-news/Jean-Claude-Van-Damme-to-fight-Somluck-Kamsing-in-K-1.html". FiveKnuckles.com. http://www.fiveknuckles.com/mma-news/Jean-Claude-Van-Damme-to-fight-Somluck-Kamsing-in-K-1.html. Retrieved 14 December 2009.
- ^ a b c d Jean-Claude Van Damme Talks about Kamsing Fight in May or June 2012
- ^ a b Жан-Клод Ван Дамм решил провести бой в Грозном
- ^ "Van Damme To fight again". http://gossip-stone.com/b-listers/144-jean-claudde-van-damme-in-kickboxing-fight.html.
- ^ Kim, Jae-Ha (14 April 1989). "Van Damme gets his kicks from acting now, not karate". Chicago Sun-Times.
- ^ "Abstract Thinker". Blog.eurnet.fr. http://blog.eurnet.fr/index.php/2006/07/11/139-les-citations-du-jour-selon-jean-claude-van-damme. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- ^ a b c d e Purse, Marcia (20 July 2009). "Jean-Claude Van Damme – Actor / Bipolar disorder, Cocaine and Abuse Charges". About.com. http://bipolar.about.com/cs/celebs/a/jeanclaude.htm. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- ^ Bloch, Jon P.; Naser, Jeffrey A. (2006). The everything health guide to adult bipolar disorder. Everything Books. p. 47. ISBN 9781593375850. http://books.google.com/books?id=mbYD87izKHYC&pg=PA47. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- ^ Herald Sun (Melbourne Australia): p. 24. 8 April 1997.
- ^ "Игры киллеров — ЛЮКСОР — Сеть кинотеатров". LuxorFilm. http://stage.luxorfilm.ru/film/1855085/. Retrieved 2011-09-08.
- ^ Jean Claude Van Damme: Behind Closed Doors Episode 1 (2/3). Youtube.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ October edition Newsletter from SCOTTADKINS.COM
- ^ the salt. company – welcome to the jungle. Salt-co.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ Épico: Christopher Mintz-Plasse e Jean Claude Van-Damme juntos em comédia «Welcome To The Jungle»
- ^ Lefrancois, Jacques. (2011-07-03) Jean-Claude Van Damme-Gilberto Dias 1979 | Flickr – Photo Sharing!. Flickr. Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ Jean-Claude Van Damme 1978 | Flickr – Photo Sharing!. Flickr (2010-06-07). Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ Lefrancois, Jacques. (2011-07-03) Match: Jean-Claude Van Damme-Cyrille Nollet (1978) | Flickr – Photo Sharing!. Flickr. Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ Jean-Claude Van Damme-Patrick Teugels Match | Flickr – Photo Sharing!. Flickr. Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ Van Damme vs. Khamsing – Fight Documentary. Youtube.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ Jean-Claude Van Damme 1982 | Flickr – Photo Sharing!. Flickr. Retrieved on 2011-09-22.
- ^ "Jean-Claude Van Damme at AllCelebs". http://www.123allcelebs.com/biography_of_jean-claude_van_damme-683_eng.html.
- ^ Biography for Jean-Claude Van Damme at the Internet Movie Database
- Corcoran, John; Farkas, Emil (1988). Martial arts : traditions, history, people. New York City: Gallery Books. pp. 60, 265. ISBN 9780831758059. (Wako)
- Corcoran, John; Farkas, Emil (1988). Martial arts : traditions, history, people. New York City: Gallery Books. pp. 285–286. ISBN 9780831758059. (PKA World Heavyweight Title)
- Corcoran, John; Farkas, Emil (1988). Martial arts : traditions, history, people. New York City: Gallery Books. pp. 210, 393. ISBN 9780831758059. (Eku)
- Soet, John Steven (March 1990). "Jean-Claude Van Damme". Inside Kung-Fu Presents: Martial Artists One on One: pp. 16–25.
- Vandehey, Tim (April 1991). "Gunning for Van Damme". Karate Kung-Fu Illustrated.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme". Tre Today News. 31 December 2007.
- Official website
- Jean-Claude Van Damme on Facebook
- Jean-Claude Van Damme on Twitter
- Jean-Claude Van Damme at the Internet Movie Database
- Rodin Entertainment
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Jean-Claude van Damme — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Van Damme et JCVD. Jean Claude Van Damme … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-claude van damme — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Van Damme et JCVD. Jean Claude Van Damme … Wikipédia en Français
Jean Claude Van Damme — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Van Damme et JCVD. Jean Claude Van Damme … Wikipédia en Français
Jean claude van damme — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Van Damme et JCVD. Jean Claude Van Damme … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Claude Van Damme — Jean Claude Camille François Van Varenberg, conocido en el mundo del espectáculo como Jean Claude Van Damme (Berchem Sainte Agathe, Bruselas, Bélgica, 18 de octubre de 1960) es un actor de cine y experto en artes marciales. Debido a su lugar de… … Wikipedia Español
Jean-Claude Van Damme — (2010) Jean Claude Van Damme (eigentlich Jean Claude Camille François Van Varenberg; * 18. Oktober 1960 in Berchem Sainte Agathe/Sint Agatha Berchem bei Brüssel) ist ein belgischer Schauspieler und Synchronsprecher. Er ist vor allem durch seine … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jean-Claude van Damme — (eigentlich Jean Claude Francois Camille van Varenberg; * 18. Oktober 1960 in Berchem Sainte Agathe/Sint Agatha Berchem bei Brüssel) ist ein belgischer Schauspieler. Er ist vor allem durch Actionfilme mit Kampfsporthandlungen ( … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jean Claude van Damme — (eigentlich Jean Claude Francois Camille van Varenberg; * 18. Oktober 1960 in Berchem Sainte Agathe/Sint Agatha Berchem bei Brüssel) ist ein belgischer Schauspieler. Er ist vor allem durch Actionfilme mit Kampfsporthandlungen ( … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jean-Claude Van Damme — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Van Damme et JCVD. Jean Claude Van Damme … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Claude Van Damme — Jean Claude Van Dame (18 de octubre de 1960) es un actor de cine de origen belga. Nació en Bruselas con el nombre de Jean Claude Camille François Van Varenberg. Su origen belga le valió el apodo de Los Músculos De Bruselas … Enciclopedia Universal