Xuchang


Xuchang

Infobox Settlement
name =Xuchang
official_name =
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settlement_type =Prefecture-level city
total_type =
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translit_lang1=Chinese
translit_lang1_type=Simplified
translit_lang1_info=许昌
translit_lang1_type1=Traditional
translit_lang1_info1=許昌
translit_lang1_type2=Pinyin
translit_lang1_info2=Xǔchāng


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map_caption = Xuchang in Henan


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pushpin_map_caption = Location in China
pushpin_mapsize = 220
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = China
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Henan
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area_total_km2 =4996
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population_total =4450000
population_density_km2 =auto
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timezone = China Standard
utc_offset = +8
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coor_type =
latd=34 |latm=02 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=113 |longm=49 |longs= |longEW=E
postal_code_type =Postal code
postal_code =Unknown
area_code =374
blank_name =GDP
blank_info = ¥8,153 per capita (2002)
blank1_name =Major Nationalities
blank1_info =Han
blank2_name =County-level divisions
blank2_info =6
blank3_name =Township-level divisions
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website =http://www.xuchang.gov.cn/
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Xuchang (zh-stp|s=许昌|t=許昌|p=Xǔchāng) is a prefecture-level city in central Henan province, People's Republic of China. It borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the northwest, Kaifeng to the northeast, Zhoukou to the east, Luohe to the southeast, and Pingdingshan to the southwest.

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Xuchang administers 1 district, 2 county-level cities and 3 counties.

*Weidu District (魏都区)
*Yuzhou City (禹州市)
*Chang'ge City (长葛市)
*Xuchang County (许昌县)
*Yanling County (鄢陵县)
*Xiangcheng County (襄城县)

History

According to tradition, the city was named after Xu, an ancient state led by tribal leader Xuyou during the Spring and Autumn Period of the Zhou Dynasty. In ancient times, the city occupied a strategic location in central China.

Xuchang served as the warlord Cao Cao's de facto capital during the Three Kingdoms Period. After finding the Han Dynasty capital Luoyang ravaged by war, Cao moved the imperial court and the emperor to what is now Xuchang in 196.

In 220, Cao Cao's son and successor Cao Pi officially declared the city as the capital of the newly-established state of Wei. The city was renamed "Xuchang", meaning "Xu Rising". The Wei emperors held court at Xuchang until the capital was moved to Luoyang in the 220s.

In 2008, a skull (probably "Homo erectus") dating from 80,000 to 100,000 years old was found in Xuchang. [http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5jXLbeGgVo2dYbkxDNqPiTH64X_zw]

Agriculture and industry

Xuchang is an important center of the Chinese tobacco industry. However, due to economic reasons many farmers have chosen not to plant tobacco anymore.

Tourism

Famous tourist attractions include Baling Bridge and Chunqiu Tower.

ister city

On 18 December, 2006, the Oromia Region government in Ethiopia signed an agreement with Henan Province to establish a sister city program with Ambo. [ [http://oromiagov.org/newsdetail.asp?NewsID=286 "Oromia State Regional Government and the delegation of Henan Province sign an agreement on the Establishment of Friendship City Relationship"] (Oromia State government website)]

Notes

External links

* [http://www.xuchang.gov.cn/ Government website of Xuchang] (in Simplified Chinese)


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Look at other dictionaries:

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