Provo, Utah


Provo, Utah

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Provo, Utah
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =



imagesize =
image_caption =


image_

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pushpin_label_position =left
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of Utah
pushpin_mapsize =

|mapsize =
map_caption =


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Utah
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Utah

government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 108.2
area_land_km2 = 102.7
area_water_km2 = 5.6
area_total_sq_mi = 41.8
area_land_sq_mi = 39.6
area_water_sq_mi = 2.1

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 105166
population_density_km2 = 1024.4
population_density_sq_mi = 2653.2

timezone = Mountain (MST)
utc_offset = -7
timezone_DST = MDT
utc_offset_DST = -6
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 1387
elevation_ft = 4551
latd = 40 |latm = 14 |lats = 40 |latNS = N
longd = 111 |longm = 39 |longs = 39 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 84601-84606
area_code = 801, 385
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 49-62470GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1444661GR|3
website =
footnotes =
Provo is a city in and the county seat of Utah County, Utah, United States, located about 45 miles south of Salt Lake City along the Wasatch Front. It lies between the cities of Orem to the north and Springville to the south. It is the home of Brigham Young University, operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (sometimes called the Mormon or LDS Church). The LDS Church's largest Missionary Training Center is located in Provo.

Provo was originally called Fort Utah when it was settled in 1849 by 33 Mormon families from Salt Lake City, but was re-named Provo in 1850 for Étienne Provost, an early French-Canadian trapper who arrived in the region in 1825. Father Silvestre Velez de Escalante, a Spanish Franciscan missionary-explorer is considered the first European explorer to visit the area in 1776, but only came as far north as Utah Valley (Provo), some 30 miles south of the Salt Lake City area. Escalante chronicled this first European exploration across the Great Basin desert.

Provo has grown to a population of 115,135 [ [http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/2000s/vintage_2005/05s_challenges.html U.S. Census Bureau 2005 Challenges] ] —making it the third-largest city in Utah, only about 3,000 people smaller than West Valley City. The Provo-Orem Metropolitan Area, consisting of Utah County and Juab County has 474,180 residents as of the July 1, 2006 U.S. Census Bureau estimate.

Demographics

As of the 2000 censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 105,166 people, 29,192 households, and 19,938 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,653.2 people per square mile (1,024.3/km²). There were 30,374 housing units at an average density of 766.3/sq mi (295.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.52% White, 0.46% Black or African American, 0.80% American Indian, 1.83% Asian, 0.84% Pacific Islander, 5.10% from other races, and 2.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.47% of the population. There were 29,192 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 11.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.34 and the average family size was 3.40.

22.3% of residents are under the age of 18, 40.2% from 18 to 24, 23.2% from 25 to 44, 8.6% from 45 to 64, and 5.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,313, and the median income for a family was $36,393. Males had a median income of $32,010 versus $20,928 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,207. About 12.5% of families and 26.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

Geography

Provo is located at coor dms|40|14|40|N|111|39|39|W|city (40.244421,-111.660804)GR|1. It lies in the Utah Valley at an elevation of 4,549 feet (1,387 meters).According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.8 square miles (108.2 km²), of which, 39.6 square miles (102.7 km²) of it is land and 2.2 square miles (5.6 km²) of it (5.14%) is water.

The Wasatch Range contains many peaks within Utah County along the east side of the Wasatch Front. One of these peaks, known as Y Mountain, towers over the city. There is a large "Y" made of whitewashed concrete half-way up the steep mountain, built in the early part of the 20th century to commemorate Brigham Young University (original plans included construction of all three letters: BYU). Wild deer (and less frequently, cougars and moose) still roam the mountains (and occasionally the city streets). The scenery is generally considered enjoyable and allows for hiking, skiing, fishing and other outdoor activities.

Landmarks

Provo Utah LDS Temple

The Provo Utah Temple is located at the base of Rock Canyon in Provo. Due to its proximity to Brigham Young University and the Missionary Training Center (MTC), just across the street, this temple is among the busiest the LDS Church operates.cite web|url=http://www.utah.com/mormon/provo_area.htm|title=Utah Valley/Provo Area Mormon History Sites|publisher=Utah.com|accessdate=2008-10-07]

Brigham Young University

Provo is home to Brigham Young University (BYU), a private university operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. BYU (occasionally, but incorrectly, called "BYU-Provo") is the second largest private university in the country, with more than 34,000 students. It is the flagship of the Church Educational System of higher education. The large population of students makes Provo a "college town". Provo's ambiance differs from other college towns, however, since the majority of its students are LDS - the Church bans the consumption of alcohol at BYU resulting in BYU being consistently rated the most "stone-cold sober" university in the United States, by "The Princeton Review".cite web|url=http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/08/26/earlyshow/living/parenting/main519804.shtml|title=End Of Top Party School’s Ranking?|publisher=CBS News|date=2002-08-27|accessdate=2008-10-07] The campus also is home to the Spencer W. Kimball Tower, the tallest building in Provo.Emporis. [Unknown last update] . "Kimball Tower". Retrieved April 07, 2007, from http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=kimballtower-provo-ut-usa] Brigham Young University. [Unknown last update] . "Campus Information". Retrieved April 07, 2007, from http://unicomm.byu.edu/directories/bldg.aspx?id=SWKT]

Most BYU students live near BYU's campus. BYU requires that single students live in approved, non-coed housing, with BYU-approved standards that include no smoking, no alcohol, no pre-marital sex, and other regulations as well. New rules keep apartments from being "BYU-approved" if they are more than two miles from the center of campus. Many students live either in on-campus housing north of the University or just south of campus, in an area dedicated to student apartments and condos. There are currently more student housing apartments under re-construction.

LDS Missionary Training Center

Provo is also home to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints' largest Missionary Training Center (MTC). Each week some 475 LDS missionaries enter for 3 - 12 weeks of training before they depart for the mission field; becoming part of over 50,000 in more than 120 countries. Presently, about 1,100 instructors (many returned missionaries) teach 62 languages. The center in Provo began construction in July 1974 and completed in July 1976. The MTC was expanded in the early 1990s, becoming the largest of 17 such centers in the world. [cite news |author=Robb Hicken |title=BYU helps push language learning for missionaries |url=http://newsnet.byu.edu/story.cfm/57697 |publisher=BYU NewsNet |date=2005-12-01 |accessdate=2006-11-09 ] [ [http://www.lds.org/ldsnewsroom/v/index.jsp?vgnextoid=37bc12fccd78f010VgnVCM100000176f620aRCRD&vgnextchannel=3e0511154963d010VgnVCM1000004e94610aRCRD LDS Newsroom - Statistics of LDS Church] ]

Transportation

Interstate 15 runs along the west edge of Provo, connecting it with the rest of the Wasatch Front and much of Utah. US-89 runs northwest to southeast through the city as State Street, while US-189 connects US-89 with I-15, BYU, and Orem to the north. At the north edge of the city, US-189 heads northeast into Provo Canyon, where it connects with Heber. Amtrak the national passenger rail system, provides service to Provo station, operating its California Zephyr daily in both directions between Chicago, Illinois and Emeryville, California, across the bay from San Francisco. Provo also can be accessed by Greyhound Bus Lines and the extensive Utah Transit Authority (UTA) bus system. UTA's commuter rail service, FrontRunner, is expected to be extended to Provo from Salt Lake City by 2012 ["UTA sets tentative 2012 date for Provo-Salt Lake commuter rail" http://www.rideuta.com/mediaRoom/projects/airportLR/newsArticles.aspx?pressReleaseID=591] .

Religious affiliation of residents

The residents of Provo are predominately members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints or LDS. According to data taken in 2000 by the ARDA, 88% of the overall population, and 98% of religious adherents in the Provo-Orem area are LDS [http://www.thearda.com/mapsReports/reports/metro/6520_2000.asp Religious adherents in Provo-Orem, Utah] ] .

Politics

According to a study released by the Bay Area Center for Voting Research, Provo is the most conservative city in the United States with a population over 100,000.cite web|url=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3827/is_200605/ai_n17175019|title=Top 10 Conservative Cities|publisher=bNet|date=2006-05-01|accessdate=2008-10-07] [cite news|title=The Most Conservative and Liberal Cities in the United States|author=The Bay Area Center for Voting

Research|date=2005-08-11|url=http://votingresearch.org/USAstudy.doc|accessdate=2007-03-27] Local discussion of national politics tends to fall within the spectrum of moderately conservative to arch-conservative thought. Utah's 3rd Congressional District, of which Provo is a part, elected Democrat Bill Orton to three consecutive terms during the 1990s, however.

City administration

The current Mayor of Provo is Lewis K. Billings, a lifelong Provo resident who is serving his third term as Mayor. Billings was originally elected Provo City Mayor in November 1997, after completing three years as Chief Administrative Officer and Director of Community and Government Relations for the City of Provo. Never having earned a college degree, and prior to his service to Provo City, Mayor Billings was President and Managing Partner of IDC, an investment partnership specializing in "turnkey" lease facilities for small to medium sized businesses. Before joining IDC in December of 1983, Mr. Billings was Senior Executive Vice President and General Manager of CalDisk, a manufacturer and worldwide supplier of rotating memory storage products for computer applications.

The current Police Chief of Provo is J. Craig Geslison, a 29-year veteran of the Provo Police Department. He was hired in April 1978. Chief Geslison served four years as a patrolman and then spent two years as the Provo Police Department's first full-time Crime Prevention and Community Relations officer. Chief Geslison was promoted to Sergeant in 1984 where he served in detectives, patrol and dispatch divisions. He was promoted to Lieutenant in 1988, where he served as a watch commander, and was appointed a Captain in 1994. Geslison became Provo's first Assistant Chief of Police in 1997 and was directly responsible for Support Services, the Patrol Division and had oversight of the Police Department's budget.

Companies in Provo

Local Companies of Interest

Provo is home to more than three dozen restaurants, and a couple of shopping centers. The Provo Towne Centre, a shopping mall, operates in Provo. Within the past two years, a number of small shops, music venues, and boutiques have popped up in downtown, along Center Street and University Avenue. Downtown has also regularly hosts "gallery strolls", held every first Friday of the month, featuring local artists.

Five Provo companies are listed on Inc.com's Inc. 5000 list of the fastest growing private companies in the United States. The largest, DieCuts With a View, is ranked number 1403 and has revenues of $26.2 million.cite web|url=http://www.inc.com/inc5000/2007/company-profile.html?id=200714030|title=DieCuts With a View|publisher=Inc. Magazine|accessdate=2008-10-07] Other companies on the list are Atlas Marketing Group (ranked 1035, with $19.6 million of revenue)cite web|url=http://www.inc.com/inc5000/2007/company-profile.html?id=200710350|title=Atlas Marketing Group|publisher=Inc. Magazine|accessdate=2008-10-07] , VitalSmarts (ranked 1501, with $17.9 million in revenue)cite web|url=http://www.inc.com/inc5000/2007/company-profile.html?id=200715010|title=VitalSmarts|publisher=Inc. Magazine|accessdate=2008-10-07] , Heritage Web Solutions (ranked 22, with $8.2 million in revenue)cite web|url=http://www.inc.com/inc5000/2007/company-profile.html?id=200700220|title=Heritage Web Solutions -- IT Services, inc5000 Article - Inc. Article|publisher=Inc. Magazine|accessdate=2007-09-11] , and Connect Public Relations (ranked 3694, with $6.1 million in revenue)cite web|url=http://www.inc.com/inc5000/2007/company-profile.html?id=200736940|title=Connect Public Relations|publisher=Inc. Magazine|accessdate=2008-10-07] .

MediaWorks Inc., one of Utah's premiere film and video production companies, was founded in Provo in 1998 and continues to provide production services to companies throughout the United States.

International Companies

*Nature's Sunshine Products, a direct-selling company, manufactures and markets tablets and encapsulated herbal products, high-quality natural vitamins, food supplements, skin care and other complementary products. The Company has operations in the United States, South Korea, Mexico, Venezuela, Japan, Brazil, Canada, Central America, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, the United Kingdom, Israel and Chile. The Company also exports its products to several other countries, including Argentina, Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Norway and the Russian Federation.
*The Generations Network is a genealogy and family networking company, whose holdings include ancestry.com.
*Novell is a software corporation specializing in network operating systems such as Novell NetWare and SUSE Linux, secure identity management products, and application integration and collaboration solutions. Together with WordPerfect, Novell was instrumental in making the Utah Valley a focus for high-technology software development. Today this area has many small companies whose employees have previously worked at Novell. Novell continues to operate and employ around 2000 people at the Provo facility.
*Nu Skin Enterprises, a multi-level marketing firm for skin care products, was founded in 1984. In 2005, some 82% of revenues for the $1B USD company were generated through markets in Asia.
*Tahitian Noni International is a health and skin care manufacturer whose products are based on the Tahitian fruit called noni.

pecial Events

Every July, Provo hosts America's Freedom Festival at Provo which includes the Stadium of Fire at BYU. It is held in LaVell Edwards Stadium, home to Brigham Young University's NCAA football team. The Independence Day festivities are quite popular among local residents and have featured such notable figures as Bob Hope, David Hasselhoff, Reba McEntire, Mandy Moore, Huey Lewis and the News, Toby Keith, Sean Hannity, Fred Willard, Taylor Hicks [ [http://deseretnews.com/dn/view/0,1249,635212442,00.html Taylor Hicks at Stadium of Fire 2006] ] and in 2008 the Blue Man Group, Glenn Beck and Miley Cyrus [ [http://www.heraldextra.com/content/view/260857/17/ Daily Herald - Miley Cyrus coming to Stadium of Fire ] ] .

Provo also hosts the Sego Festival each fall. The festival highlights musicians, artists, and filmmakers based in Utah County. The 2008 event will feature a kick-off on Friday, September 26 at 100 N University Avenue and then it will continue all day on Saturday, September 27 at the Rock Castle Amphitheatre above the Utah State State Hospital, 1300 E Center Street. The Sego Festival is free to the public.

Notable Residents

* Stephen R. Covey - author of the The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Peoplecite web|url=http://www.usatoday.com/money/2004-11-08-covey-usat_x.htm|title=Covey takes a lesson from himself, releases '8th Habit'|date=2004-11-09|first=Del|last=Jones|publisher=USA Today|accessdate=2008-10-07] cite web|url=http://www.barnesandnoble.com/writers/writer.asp?cid=852888|title=Meet the Writers: Stephen R. Covey|publisher=Barnes and Noble|accessdate=2008-10-07]
* LaVell Edwards - Former BYU, and NCAA Football Hall of Fame Coach
* The Osmond Family - raised all 9 children in Provo, and continue to live there.cite web|url=http://www.biography.com/search/article.do?id=9430119|title=The Osmonds (The Osmond Family) Biography|publisher=Biography.com|accessdate=2008-10-07]
* Donny Osmond - singer/musician/actor
* Marie Osmond - singer/author/actress
* Osmond Brothers - vocal group/band
* Steve Young - MVP of Super Bowl XXIX, and Inductee of Pro Football Hall of Fame,cite web|url=http://sports.espn.go.com/nfl/feature/featureIndex?page=nflhof2005|title=Class Acts|publisher=ESPN.com|date=2005|accessdate=2008-10-07] College Football Hall of Fame,cite web|url=http://www.collegefootball.org/famersearch.php?id=80046|title=Steve Young|publisher=College Football Hall of Fame|accessdate=2008-10-07] record-breaking quarterback for BYU & San Francisco 49ers.cite web|url=http://www.deseretnews.com/dn/view/0,1249,645192483,00.html|title=Steve Young: A new chapter|first=Doug|last=Robinson|date=2006-08-13|accessdate=2008-10-07|publisher=Deseret Morning News]
* Vernon Law and Vance Law - both Major League Baseball players
* Kurt Bestor - award-winning composer, performer and host of morning radio/talk show KUTR 820 AM
* Shawn Southwick - wife of Larry King, owns a house in Provo
* Ryan Shupe & the Rubberband - musicians/band/songwriter; "Dream Big"cite web|url=http://www.deseretnews.com/article/1,5143,650209372,00.html|title=The unique sounds of Ryan Shupe|first=Doug|last=Robinson|date=2006-11-22|accessdate=2008-10-07|publisher=Deseret Morning News]
* Julianne Hough - singer/dancer/actor
* Janice Kapp Perry - songwriter/composer/LDS musician
* Sunfall Festival - band
* Jack Paepke - baseball player, coach, manager and scout.
* Robbie Bosco - Former BYU Football player
* Josh Rohatinsky - Former BYU Cross Country national champion, professional runner.
* Bert McCracken- lead singer of Utah based band The Used, was born in Provo.
* Beatrice Sparks - psychologist and author

Points of Interest

*Brigham Young University Arboretum
*The Peaks Ice Arena, hockey venue for the 2002 Winter Olympic Games
*The Reed O. Smoot House, a National Historic Landmark, located at 183 East 100 South.

Notes

External links

* [http://www.provo.org/ Provo City Home Page]
* [http://www.provopulse.com/ Provo Pulse - Provo News]


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