University of North Carolina


University of North Carolina
University of North Carolina
Established 1789 (Chapel Hill)
1972 (current structure)
Type Public
President Thomas W. Ross
Academic staff 13,564 (2008 Fall)[1]
Admin. staff 30,664 (2008 Fall)[1]
Students 222,322 (2009 Fall)[2]
Undergraduates 176,133 (2009 Fall)[3]
Postgraduates 46,189 (2009 Fall)[3]
Location North Carolina, United States
Campus Multi-Campus University
Former names Consolidated University of North Carolina
Website www.northcarolina.edu

Chartered in 1789, the University of North Carolina was the first public university in the United States and the only one to graduate students in the eighteenth century. Today, it is a multi-campus system composed of all 16 of North Carolina's public universities, as well as the NC School of Science and Mathematics, the nation's first public residential high school for gifted students.[4] UNC campuses conferred 43,686 degrees for 2008–2009, the bulk of which were Bachelor's level with 31,055 degrees awarded.[5] The University has a total enrollment of over 183,000 students and confers over 75% of all bachelor degrees in North Carolina in 2008.[6]

Contents

History

The Old Well on the UNC-Chapel Hill campus

Founded in 1789, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is the oldest public university in the United States. In 1877, the State of North Carolina began sponsoring additional higher education institutions. Over time the state added a women's college, a land-grant university, five historically black institutions, and one to educate Native Americans. Others were created to prepare teachers for public education and to instruct performing artists.

During the Depression, the North Carolina General Assembly searched for cost savings within state government. Towards this effort in 1931, it redefined the University of North Carolina, which at the time referred exclusively to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; the new Consolidated University of North Carolina was created to include the existing campuses of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina State University, and the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. The three campuses came under the leadership of just one board and one president. By 1969, three additional campuses had joined the Consolidated University through legislative action: the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, the University of North Carolina at Asheville, and the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

In 1971, North Carolina passed legislation bringing into the University of North Carolina all 16 public institutions that confer bachelor degrees. This round of consolidation granted each constituent institution a Chancellor and a Board of Trustees. In 1985, the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, a residential high school for gifted students, was declared an affiliated school of the university. In 2007, the high school became a full member of the system.

Structure

PULSTAR Reactor. North Carolina State is one of several research institutions in the University.

Article IX of the North Carolina State Constitution provides authorization for the creation of the University of North Carolina.[7] Under this authorization, Chapter 116 of the North Carolina General Statutes entrusts the University of North Carolina to its Board of Governors.[8] The Board of Governors is the policy-making body charged with "the general determination, control, supervision, management, and governance of all affairs of the constituent institutions." It elects the president, who administers the university. The 32 voting members of the Board of Governors are elected by the General Assembly for four-year terms. The current Chairwoman of the system's Board of Governors is Hannah Gage, who was preceded by Jim W. Phillips, Jr. The president of the UNC Association of Student Governments (ASG) is also a non-voting member.

Each of the UNC campuses is headed by a chancellor who is chosen by the Board of Governors on the president's nomination and is responsible to the president. Each university has a board of trustees consisting of eight members elected by the Board of Governors, four appointed by the governor, and the president of the student body, who serves ex officio. (The UNC School of the Arts has two additional ex officio members; and the NC School of Science and Mathematics has a 27-member board as required by law.) Each board of trustees holds extensive powers over academic and other operations of its campus on delegation from the Board of Governors.

Legal mandate

The legal authority and mandate for the University of North Carolina can be found in the North Carolina Constitution. Article 9 of the constitution deals with all forms of public education in the state. Sections 8 and 9 of that article stipulate the function and cost to students of the University of North Carolina.[8]

UNC Charlotte. The system expanded significantly in the 1960s and 1970s.
  • Sec. 8. Higher education.

The General Assembly shall maintain a public system of higher education, comprising The University of North Carolina and such other institutions of higher education as the General Assembly may deem wise. The General Assembly shall provide for the selection of trustees of The University of North Carolina and of the other institutions of higher education, in whom shall be vested all the privileges, rights, franchises, and endowments heretofore granted to or conferred upon the trustees of these institutions. The General Assembly may enact laws necessary and expedient for the maintenance and management of The University of North Carolina and the other public institutions of higher education.

  • Sec. 9. Benefits of public institutions of higher education.

The General Assembly shall provide that the benefits of The University of North Carolina and other public institutions of higher education, as far as practicable, be extended to the people of the State free of expense. [9]

Institutions

Within its seventeen campuses, UNC houses two medical schools and one teaching hospital, ten nursing programs, a school of dentistry, and a school of pharmacy, as well as a veterinary school, two law schools, 15 schools of education, three schools of engineering, and a school for performing artists.[6] The oldest university, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, first admitted students in 1795. The smallest and newest member is the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, a residential two-year high school, founded in 1980 and a full member of the University since 2007. The largest university is North Carolina State University, with 33,819 students as of 2009 Fall.

While the official names of each campus are determined by the North Carolina General Assembly, abbreviations are determined by the individual school.[10]

Official name
(Previous name)
Official abbrev. Location Enrollment
As of 2009 Fall
Carnegie Classification Founded Joined system References
Appalachian State University
(Appalachian State Teacher's College, until 1967)
ASU,
App State
(for athletics)
Boone, Watauga County 16,968 Master's University 1899 1972 [11][12]
East Carolina University
(East Carolina College, until 1967)
ECU,
East Carolina
(for athletics)
Greenville, Pitt County 27,654 Doctoral/Research University 1907 1972 [13][14]
Elizabeth City State University
(Elizabeth City State College, until 1969)
ECSU Elizabeth City, Pasquotank County 3,264 Baccalaureate College 1891 1972 [15][16]
Fayetteville State University
(Fayetteville State College, until 1969)
FSU Fayetteville, Cumberland County 6,283 Master's University 1867 1972 [17][18]
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University
(The Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina, until 1969)
NC A&T Greensboro, Guilford County 10,614 Doctoral/Research University 1891 1972 [19][20]
North Carolina Central University
(North Carolina College at Durham, until 1969)
NCCU,
NC Central
(for athletics)
Durham, Durham County 8,587 Master's University 1909 1972 [21][22]
North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics NCSSM Durham, Durham County 650 - 1980 2007 [23][24]
North Carolina State University at Raleigh
(North Carolina State College of Agriculture and Engineering, until 1963)
NCSU,
NC State
(for athletics)
Raleigh, Wake County 33,819 Doctoral/Research University 1887 1932 [25][26]
University of North Carolina at Asheville
(Asheville-Biltmore College until 1969)
UNCA Asheville, Buncombe County 3,897 Baccalaureate College 1927 1969 [27][28]
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
(University of North Carolina, until 1963)
UNC-Chapel Hill,[29][30]
UNC
North Carolina and
Carolina
(for athletics)
Chapel Hill, Orange County 28,916 Doctoral/Research University 1789 1932 [31][32]
University of North Carolina at Charlotte
(Charlotte College, until 1965)
UNC Charlotte,
Charlotte
(for athletics)
Charlotte, Mecklenburg County 24,701 Doctoral/Research University 1946 1965 [33][34]
University of North Carolina at Greensboro
(North Carolina College for Women, until 1963)
UNCG Greensboro, Guilford County 21,306 Doctoral/Research University 1891 1932 [35][36]
University of North Carolina at Pembroke
(Pembroke State University, until 1996)
UNCP Pembroke, Robeson County 6,661 Master's University 1887 1972 [37][38]
University of North Carolina at Wilmington
(Wilmington College, until 1969)
UNCW Wilmington, New Hanover County 12,924 Master's University 1947 1969 [39][40]
University of North Carolina School of the Arts
(North Carolina School of the Arts, until 2008)
UNCSA Winston-Salem, Forsyth County 872 Special Focus Institution 1963 1972 [41][42]
Western Carolina University
(Western Carolina College, until 1967)
WCU,
Western Carolina
(for athletics)
Cullowhee, Jackson County 9,429 Master's University 1889 1972 [43][44]
Winston-Salem State University
(Winston-Salem Teacher's College, until 1969)
WSSU Winston-Salem, Forsyth County 6,427 Baccalaureate College 1892 1972 [45][46]

Notes

The enrollment numbers are from University of North Carolina website: http://www.northcarolina.edu/web/facts.php They are the official headcount numbers. It includes all full time and part time, undergrad and postgrad students. It didn't have the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics enrollment numbers listed, but on its website http://www.ncssm.edu/about-ncssm/facts.php it listed 650 students.

With the exception of the University of North Carolina at Pembroke and the University of North Carolina School of the Arts, the institutions that joined the University of North Carolina in 1972 did so under their current name. As of 2008, all public four-year institutions in North Carolina are members of the University.

Affiliates

Name Location Founded
North Carolina Arboretum Asheville, Buncombe County 1989
North Carolina Center for the Advancement of Teaching Cullowhee, Jackson County 1985
North Carolina Center for International Understanding Raleigh, Wake County
North Carolina Center for Nursing Raleigh, Wake County
North Carolina State Approving Agency Raleigh, Wake County
North Carolina State Education Assistance Authority Raleigh, Wake County
UNC Center for Public Television (UNC-TV) Research Triangle Park, Durham County 1955
UNC Faculty Assembly Chapel Hill, Orange County
University of North Carolina Press Chapel Hill, Orange County 1922
UNC Staff Assembly Chapel Hill, Orange County

Presidents

Erskine Boyce Bowles, President of the University of North Carolina from 2006 to 2011.
Name Term
Rev. Joseph Caldwell 1804-1812
Robert Hett Chapman 1812-1816
Rev. Joseph Caldwell 1816-1835
Elisha Mitchell * 1835
David Lowry Swain 1835-1868
Rev. Solomon Pool 1869-1872
Rev. Charles Phillips 1875-1876
Kemp Plummer Battle 1876-1891
George Tayloe Winston 1891-1896
Edwin Anderson Alderman 1896-1900
Francis Preston Venable 1900-1914
Edward Kidder Graham 1914-1918
Marvin Hendrix Stacy 1918-1919
Harry Woodburn Chase 1919-1930
Frank Porter Graham 1930-1932
(UNC Consolidation in 1931)
Frank Porter Graham 1932–1949
William Donald Carmichael, Jr. * 1949–1950
Gordon Gray 1950–1955
J. Harris Purks * 1955–1956
William Clyde Friday 1956–1986
(acting until 1957)
Clemmie Dixon Spangler, Jr. 1986–1997
Molly Corbett Broad 1997–2006
Erskine Bowles 2006–2011
Thomas W. Ross 2011–present

An asterisk (*) denotes acting president.

See also

References

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  2. ^ "Facts & Figures". UNC System. http://www.northcarolina.edu/web/facts.php. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  3. ^ a b "Facts & Figures". Northcarolina.edu. http://www.northcarolina.edu/web/facts.php. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  4. ^ "About UNC". UNC General Administration. http://www.northcarolina.edu/about/index.htm. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  5. ^ "Facts & Figures". UNC General Administration. http://www.northcarolina.edu/about/facts.htm. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  6. ^ a b "University Facts". University of North Carolina. 2008-01-10. Archived from the original on 2008-02-13. http://web.archive.org/web/20080213044958/http://www.northcarolina.edu/content.php/home/facts.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
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  8. ^ a b "Chapter 116 - Higher Education". North Carolina General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly. 2006. http://www.ncga.state.nc.us/enactedlegislation/statutes/html/bychapter/chapter_116.html. Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
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  10. ^ Wootson, Cleve R., Jr. (2002-01-08). "UNC Leaders Want Abbreviation Change". The Daily Tar Heel. http://media.www.dailytarheel.com/media/storage/paper885/news/2002/01/08/UndefinedSection/Unc-Leaders.Want.Abbreviation.Change-1346331.shtml. Retrieved 2008-06-19. 
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  30. ^ http://media.www.dailytarheel.com/content/image-everything-unc
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External links

Template:University of North Carolina presidents Coordinates: 35°54′31″N 79°2′57″W / 35.90861°N 79.04917°W / 35.90861; -79.04917


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