- Right-bank Ukraine
Right-bank Ukraine ( _uk. "Pravoberezhna Ukrayina"; _ru. "Pravoberezhnaya Ukraina"; _pl. Prawobrzeżna Ukraina), a historical name of a part of
Ukraineon the right (west) bank of the Dnieper River, corresponding with modern-day oblasts of Volyn, Rivne, Vinnitsa, Zhytomyr, Kirovohrad and Kiev, as well as part of Cherkasy and Ternopil.
1667under the Treaty of Andrusovo, left-bank Ukrainewas incorporated into Muscovy, while right-bank Ukraine (except for the city of Kiev) remained part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Five years later in 1672, Podoliawas occupied by the Turkish Ottoman empire, while Kievand Braclavcame under the control of Hetman Petro Doroshenkountil 1681, when they were also captured by Turks. After the Christianvictory in the Battle of Vienna( 1683), in 1699the Treaty of Karlowitzreturned those lands to the Commonwealth. During the eighteenth century, two Cossackuprisings took place. In 1793right-bank Ukraine was finally annexed by the Russian Empirein the Second Partition of Poland [Orest Subtelny; [http://books.google.es/books?id=HNIs9O3EmtQC Ukraine History] ; University of Toronto Press; 2000. ISBN 0802083900. pp 117-145-146-148] , becoming part of the " guberniya" ('governorate') of Little Russia.
In the nineteenth century, the population of right-bank Ukraine was mostly Ukrainian, but most of the land was owned by the Polish or Polonized Ukrainian nobility. Many of the towns and cities were heavily Jewish. While the Polish-speaking nobility was mostly Roman Catholic. Most of the peasantry became Greek-Catholic only in the 18th century, and after the Partitions of Poland, largely reverted to Orthodoxy long before the disestablishment of the unia in
1839. The right-bank Ukraine was subsequently divided into three provinces ( guberniyas), each with its own administration: Kiev, Volhynia, and Podolia.
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