Słupsk


Słupsk

Infobox Settlement
name = Słupsk
settlement_type = City


image_caption = City Hall



image_shield = POL Słupsk COA 1.svg
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position = bottom
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Poland
subdivision_type1 = Voivodeship
subdivision_name1 = Pomeranian
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = "city county"
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Maciej Kobyliński
established_title = Established
established_date = 10th century
established_title3 = Town rights
established_date3 = 1265
area_total_km2 = 43.15
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 98757
population_density_km2 = auto
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd = 54 | latm = 27 | lats = 57 | latNS = N | longd = 17 | longm = 1 | longs = 45 | longEW = E
elevation_m = 22
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 76-200 to 76-210, 76-215, 76-216, 76-218, 76-280
area_code = +48 059
blank_name = Car plates
blank_info = GS
website = http://www.slupsk.pl

Słupsk Audio-IPA-pl|Slupsk.ogg|s|ł|u|p|s|k ( _de. Stolp in Pommern [citeweb|title=Stolp.de|url=http://www.stolp.de/|accessdate=April 12|accessyear=2008|language=German] [Although the official German name was "Stolp in Pommern" (usually abbreviated to "Stolp i. Pom."), the inhabitants commonly used the shorter variant, "Stolp".] , known also under other names) is a city in Pomeranian Voivodeship, in the northern part of Poland. Before January 1, 1999, it was the capital of the separate Słupsk Voivodeship. It is also a part of the historic region of Pomerania.

The city is located in the northwestern part of the country, on the Koszalin Coast, convert|18|km|mi from the Baltic Sea, on the Słupia River. It is the administrative seat of Słupsk County, although it is not part of that county (the city has county status in its own right). It has a population of 98,757 [citeweb|url=http://www.slupsk.pl/info.php?id=79|title=Słupsk.pl: "Dane statystyczne"|accessdate=April 12|accessyear=2008|language=Polish] and occupies convert|43.15|km2|sqmi [citebook|author=Collaborative work|title=Gminy w Polsce|publisher=Central Statistical Office|language=Polish|year=1999] , being one of the most densely populated cities in the country according to the Central Statistical Office [citebook|author=Collaborative work|title=Powierzchnia i ludność w przekroju terytorialnym w 2007|year=2007|publisher=Central Statistical Office|language=Polish] . The neighbouring administrative districts (gminas) are Gmina Kobylnica and Gmina Słupsk. There is ongoing discussion regarding extension of the city boundaries to include some territory belonging to those two gminasciteweb|url=http://www.wspolnota.org.pl/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=5165&Itemid=2|title=Ekspansja miast|language=Polish|accessdate=April 12|year=2008] citeweb|url=http://www.gp24.pl/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080328/SLUPSK/108160305&SearchID=73314477932279|title=Gp24.pl: "Dyskusja o powiększeniu Słupska"|accessdate=April 12|accessyear=2008|language=Polish] .

The city rights of Słupsk, probably given by Świętopełk II, the duke of Gdańsk ("Danzig") in 1265, were extended in 1310 and confirmed in 1313 by the margraves of Brandenburgciteweb|url=http://www.slupsk.pl/info.php?id=63|title=Słupsk.pl: "Historia Słupska do roku 1945"|accessdate=April 12|accessyear=2008|language=Polish] . By then, the city had become a centre of local administration and trade and a Hanseatic League associate. Between 1368 and 1478 it was the capital of the Duchy of Stolp; it then came under the sovereignty of the Duchy of Pomerania. In 1648, according to the peace treaty of Osnabrück, Słupsk and its surrounding territories were awarded to Brandenburg-Prussia and later formed the Province of Pomerania. The city became part of Poland in 1945. [citebook|lastname=Piskorski|firstname=Jan M.|year=1999|title=Pomorze Zachodnie poprzez wieki|publisher=The Castle of Pomeranian Dukes in Szczecin|language=Polish]

Name

During its history, Słupsk was for a long time known under the German name "Stolp", to which the suffix "in Pommern" (commonly abbreviated "i. Pom.") was attached in order to avoid confusion with other places named similarly. The city occasionally was called "Stolpe" (referring to the Słupia River, whose German name is also "Stolpe"). "Stolpe" is also the Latin exonym for this place [citeweb|url=http://www.uni-mannheim.de/mateo/camenaref/hofmann/s/books/s_4559.html|title=Lexicon Universale|language=Latin|accessdate=April 12|accessyear=2008] . It is said that the German name comes from one of five Pomeranian names of this settlement.

Slavic names in Polish — "Słupsk" — and Pomeranian — "Stolpsk"citeweb|url=http://www.slupsk.pl/info.php?id=20|title=Słupsk.pl: "Informacje ogólne"|accessdate=April 12|accessyear=2008|language=Polish] , "Stôłpsk", "Słëpsk", "Słëpskò", "Stôłp" [citeweb|url=http://www.naszekaszuby.pl/modules/artykuly/article.php?articleid=196|title=Nasze Kaszuby: Zestawienie kaszubskich i polskich nazw miejscowości na Kaszubach, z wariantami, z wyszczególnieniem powiatów|language=Polish / Kashubian|accessdate=April 12|accessyear=2008] — may be etymologically related to the words "słup" ("pile") and "stołp" ("keep"). Two hypotheses regarding the origins of those names exist: one claims that it refers to a specific way of constructing buildings on boggy ground with additional pile support, which is still in use, while the other says that it is connected with a tower or other defensive structure built on the banks of the Słupia River

Słupsk has also name variants in the Lithuanian ("Slupskas" [citeweb|url=http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Litewskie_nazwy_polskich_miejscowości|title=Polish Wikipedia: "Litewskie nazwy polskich miejscowości"|accessdate=April 12|accessyear=2008|language=Polish] ) and Latvian ("Slupska" [citeweb|url=http://lv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slupska|title=Latvian Wikipedia: "Slupska"|accessdate=April 12|accessyear=2008|language=Latvian] ) languages, although these are not frequently used.

In the Polish language, the citizens of Słupsk are called "słupszczanie" (singular "słupszczanin").

Geography

Boundaries

Administratively, the city of Słupsk has the status of both urban gmina and city county ("powiat"). The city boundaries are generally artificial, with only short natural boundaries with the villages of Kobylnica and Włynkówko on the Słupia River. The boundaries have remained unchanged since 1949, when Ryczewo became a part of the city [citeweb|url=http://www.powiatslupsk.info/ryczewo.htm|title=Powiat słupski: "Ryczewo"|language=Polish|accessdate=April 12|accessyear=2008] . In March 2008, Mayor Maciej Kobyliński put forward a proposal to expand the city limits by incorporating some territory from neighbouring districts.

Słupsk shares about three-quarters of its boundaries with the rural district called Gmina Słupsk, of which Słupsk is the administrative seat (although it is not part of the district). The city's other neighbouring district is Gmina Kobylnica, to the south-west. The Słupsk Special Economic Zone is not entirely contained within the city limits: a portion of it lies within Gmina Słupsk, while some smaller areas are at quite a distance from Słupsk (Debrzno), or even in another voivodeship (Koszalin, Szczecinek, Wałcz).

The city has a fairly irregular shape, with its central point at "Plac Zwycięstwa" ("Victory Square") at coord|54|27|51|N|17|01|42|E.

Topography and landmarks

Słupsk lies in the "pradolina" (ancient river valley, also known in German as "Urstromtal") of the Słupia River. The city centre is situated significantly lower than its western and easternmost portions. Divided into two almost equal parts by the river, Słupsk is rather hilly when compared to other cities in the region. About convert|5|km2|sqmi of the city's area is covered by forests, while convert|17|km2|sqmi is used for agricultural purposes.

Słupsk is rich in natural water bodies. There are more than twenty ponds, mostly former meanders of the Słupia, within the city limits. There are also several streams, irrigation canals (generally unused and abandoned) and a leat. Except in the city centre, all these watercourses are unregulated.

There is generally little human influence on landform features visible within the city limits. However, in the northwestern part of the city there is a huge hollow, a remnant of a former sand mine. Although there were once plans to build a waterpark in this area [citeweb|url=http://www.gp24.pl/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070924/SLUPSK/70923013|title=Gp24.pl: "Coraz bliżej aquaparku"|accessdate=April 13|accessyear=2008|language=Polish] , they were later abandoned and the site remains unused.

Climate

Słupsk has a temperate marine climate, like the rest of the Polish coastal regionscitebook|title=Ilustrowana Geografia Polski|author=Kaczmarek, T., Kaczmarek, U., Sołowiej D., Wrzesiński, D.|year=2002|publisher=Świat Książki|language=Polish] The city lies in a zone where the continental climate influences are very weak compared with other regions of Poland [citebook|title=Altas geograficzny dla szkół średnich|author=Collaborative work|year=2000|publisher=PPWK|language=Polish] . The warmest month is July, with an average temperature range of 11 °C to 21 °C (52 °F to 70 °F). The coolest month is February, averaging -5 °C to 0 °C (23 °F to 32 °F). The wettest month is August with average precipitation of convert|90|mm|in, while the driest is March, averaging only convert|20|mm|in. Snowfalls are always possible between December and April.

Infobox Weather
metric_first = Yes
single_line = Yes
location = Słupsk
Jan_Hi_°C = 0
Feb_Hi_°C = 0
Mar_Hi_°C = 3
Apr_Hi_°C = 10
May_Hi_°C = 16
Jun_Hi_°C = 20
Jul_Hi_°C = 21
Aug_Hi_°C = 20
Sep_Hi_°C = 18
Oct_Hi_°C = 12
Nov_Hi_°C = 6
Dec_Hi_°C = 2
Year_Hi_°C = 11
Jan_Lo_°C = -4
Feb_Lo_°C = -5
Mar_Lo_°C = -2
Apr_Lo_°C = 1
May_Lo_°C = 5
Jun_Lo_°C = 9
Jul_Lo_°C = 11
Aug_Lo_°C = 11
Sep_Lo_°C = 8
Oct_Lo_°C = 5
Nov_Lo_°C = 1
Dec_Lo_°C = -1
Year_Lo_°C = 3
Jan_Precip_mm = 40
Feb_Precip_mm = 30
Mar_Precip_mm = 20
Apr_Precip_mm = 30
May_Precip_mm = 50
Jun_Precip_mm = 60
Jul_Precip_mm = 80
Aug_Precip_mm = 90
Sep_Precip_mm = 60
Oct_Precip_mm = 50
Nov_Precip_mm = 40
Dec_Precip_mm = 50
Year_Precip_mm = 660
source = Meteo.Plcite web
url = http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=52121&refer=&units=metric | title = Weatherbase
]
accessdate = 2008-04-17

Neighbourhoods

The neighbourhoods ("osiedla", singular "osiedle") of Słupsk do not have any administrative powers. Their names are used for traffic signposting purposes and are shown on maps. The neighbourhoods are as follows:
* Nadrzecze ("Riverside") — situated in the southern part of the city, this district is a major industrial area. It is bounded by the railroad to the west, Deotymy and Jana Pawła II streets to the north, the Słupia river to the east and the city boundary to the south.
* Osiedle Akademickie ("Academic Neighbourhood") — a neighbourhood of detached and semi-detached houses around the Pomeranian Academy and its halls of residence.
* Osiedle Bałtyckie ("Baltic Neighbourhood") — the northernmost neighbourhood of Słupsk, a large part of which belongs to the Słupsk Special Economic Zone.
* Osiedle Niepodległości ("Independence Neighbourhood") (before 1989 called "Osiedle Budowniczych Polski Ludowej" or "Neighbourhood of the Builders of People's Poland", and still popularly referred to as "BPL") and Osiedle Piastów ("Piast Neighbourhood") — these neighbourhoods make up the largest residential area of the city, inhabited by about 40,000 people.
* Osiedle Słowińskie ("Slovincian Neighbourhood") — the easternmost part of Słupsk, similar in character to Osiedle Akademickie. It adjoins the Northern Wood ("Lasek Północny") and is close to the city's boundary with Redzikowo, the planned site of the US national missile defense interceptors.
* Ryczewo — brought within the city limits in 1949, this is the youngest neighbourhood of Słupsk. Before the Second World War it was a villa district. It has retained much of its village character.
* Stare Miasto ("Old Town"; also known as Śródmieście or Centrum — "the City Centre") — the central district of Słupsk containing the historic centre of the city including the city hall and the Pomeranian Dukes' Castle.
* Westerplatte (known also as Osiedle Hubalczyków-Westerplatte) — a large and fast-developing area in the south-east of Słupsk, including the city's highest point. Currently both detached houses and blocks of flats are being built here.
* Zatorze (usually further subdivided into Osiedle Jana III Sobieskiego and Osiedle Stefana Batorego) — the second largest residential area, with 10,000 inhabitants. According to police statistics, it is the most dangerous area of the city.

Parks

Słupsk has many green areas within its city limits. The chief of these are the Park of Culture and Leisure ("Park Kultury i Wypoczynku"), the Northern Wood ("Lasek Północny") and the Southern Wood ("Lasek Południowy"). There are also smaller parks, squares and boulevards.

History

Middle Ages

Słupsk developed from a few medieval settlements located on the banks of the Słupia River, at the unique ford along the trade route connecting the territories of modern Pomeranian and West Pomeranian Voivodeships. This factor lead to a construction of a grad, a Slavic fortified settlement, on an islet in the middle of the river. Surrounded by swamps and mires, the fortress had perfect defence conditions. Archeological research has shown that the grad was situated on an artificial hill and had a natural moat formed by the branches of the Słupia, and was protected by a palisade.

The settlement was probably given city rights in 1265. In 1308 Gdańsk Pomerania was attacked and then conquered by the Teutonic Knights. Stolp and its surroundings, however, came under Brandenburgian influence. The city privileges were reconfirmed in 1310 and 1313 by the margraves of Brandenburg. The governors of Stolp had bought Stolpmünde and then built a port there, enabling a maritime economy to begin to develop. In 1368 the Duchy of Stolp ("Fürstentum Stolp") became independent from the Duchy of Wolgast ("Fürstentum Wolgast") and later became a part of the united Duchy of Pomerania in 1478.

Modern Ages

Before the Reformation the majority of the city's inhabitants were of the Roman Catholic faith — traditional Slavic beliefs did not survive the wave of missionaries from Poland and the Holy Roman Empire. Religious riots occurred at the beginning of the 16th century and reached their peak in 1524, when the Holy Mary's Church was profanedFact|date=October 2008. By then, people had started to convert to Lutheranism. Only one of Stolp's many churches remained Roman CatholicFact|date=October 2008.

The united duchy of Farther and Hither Pomerania kept its independence until 1648, when the Thirty Years' War ended. The local ruling house, the Griffits, became extinct in 1637. The teritorry of the Duchy was partitioned between Brandenburg-Prussia and Sweden. After the Peace of Westphalia Stolp came under Brandenburgian control and became one of the cities of the Province of Pomerania, in which it remained until 1945. Before the Second World War, Stolp was conquered only once, in 1807 during the Napoleonic Wars.

After the Thirty Years' War Stolp lost much of its former importance — despite the fact that Stettin was then a part of Sweden, the province's capital was situated not in the second-largest city of the region, but in the one closest to the former ducal residence — Stargard. However, the local economy stabilized. The constant dynamic development of the Kingdom of Prussia and good economic conditions saw the city develop. After the major state border changes (modern Vorpommern and Stettin joined the Prussian state after a conflict with Sweden) Stolp was only an administrative centre of the "Kreis" within the "Regierungsbezirk" of Köslin. However, its geographical location led to rapid development, and in the 19th century it was the second city of the province in terms of both population and industrialization. In 1869 a railway from Danzig reached Stolp.

During the 19th century the city's boundaries were significantly extended towards the west and south. The new railway station was built about 1,000 metres from the old city. In 1901 the construction of a new city hall was completed, followed by a local administration building in 1903. In 1910 a tram line was opened. The football club Viktoria Stolp was formed in 1901. In 1914, before the First World War, Stolp had 34,340 inhabitants.

Interwar period and the Second World War

Stolp was not directly affected by the fighting in the First World War. The trams did not run during the war, returning to the streets in 1919. Demographic growth remained high, although development slowed, because the city became peripheral, the "Kreis" being situated on post-war Germany's border with the Polish Corridor. Polish claims to Stolp and its neighbouring area were refused during the Treaty of Versailles negotiations.

In 1926 members of the National Socialist German Workers Party organized a public meeting of citizens. This led to the party's gaining widespread support in the city.Fact|date=September 2008

The beginning of the Second World War halted the development of the city. The Nazis created a labour camp there, later becoming "Außenarbeitslager Stolp", a subcamp of the Stutthof concentration camp. On March 7, 1945, 24 forced labourers from the camp were killed in the Southern Wood, the day before the Red Army entered the city. Almost no-one remained in the city; most of the inhabitants fled and Nazi soldiers abandoned it. However, Russian soldiers were ordered to set fire to the centre of the city. The Red Army initially set up administrative headquarters in the city hall.

Polish People's Republic

After the war, due to the decision reached at the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences that the Polish western border would follow the Oder-Neisse line, Stolp became part of Poland. It was consequently renamed "Słupsk" on April 23, 1945. It was initially part of "Okręg III", comprising the whole teritorry of the former Province of Pomerania east of the Oder.

Słupsk later became part of Szczecin Voivodeship and then Koszalin Voivodeship, and in 1975 became the capital of the new province of Słupsk Voivodeship. The city was a cultural centre. The Millennium Cinema was one of the first in Poland to have a cinerama. The puppet theatre "Tęcza" used to collaborate with the similar institution called "Arcadia" in Oradea, Romania, but the partnership ceased after 1989.

During the 1970 protests there were minor strikes and demonstrations. No-one was killed during the militia's interventions.

After 1989

Major street name changes were made in Słupsk after the Autumn of Nations in 1989. Also a process of major renovations and refurbishments began, beginning in the principal neighbourhoods. According to the administrative reform of Poland in 1999, Słupsk Voivodeship was dissolved and divided between two larger regions: Pomeranian Voivodeship and West Pomeranian Voivodeship. Słupsk itself became part of the former. The reform was criticized by locals, who wanted to create a separate Middle Pomeranian Voivodeship [citeweb|url=http://orka.sejm.gov.pl/proc5.nsf/projekty/312_p.htm|title=Legislative proposal of July 24, 1998 regarding the introduction of the three-level administrative division of Poland|language=Polish|accessyear=2008|accessdate=April 22] . In 1998 a major riot took place after a basketball game.

Transport

Railways

Słupsk is a raliway junction, with four lines running north, west, east and south from the cityciteweb|url=http://www.kolej.one.pl/index.php?dzial=stacje&id=91&okno=start|title=Kolej.One.Pl: "Słupsk"|accessdate=April 22|accessyear=2008|language=Polish] . Currently, one station, opened January 10, 1991 serves the whole city. This is a class B station according to PKP (Polish Railways) criteriaciteweb|url=http://web.archive.org/web/20060109183600/www.pkp.pl/zrodlo/plan_operacyjny/zal1.pdf|title=List of stations maintained by Dworce Kolejowe|accessdate=April 22|accessyear=2008|language=Polish] . The city has rail connections with most major cities in Poland: Białystok, Gdańsk, Gdynia, Katowice, Kraków, Lublin, Łódź, Olsztyn, Poznań, Szczecin, Warsaw and Wrocław, and also serves as a junction for local trains from Kołobrzeg, Koszalin, Lębork, Miastko, Szczecinek and Ustka. Słupsk is the westernmost terminus of the Fast Urban Railway serving the Gdańsk conurbation [citeweb|url=http://www.skm.pkp.pl/dali.php?aa=mapa_trasy|title=SKM network map|accessdate=April 22|accessyear=2008|language=Polish] .

The first railway reached Słupsk (then Stolp) from the east in 1869. The first rail station was built north of its current location. The line was later extended to Köslin (now Koszalin), and further lines were built connecting the city with Neustettin (Szczecinek), Stolpmünde (Ustka), Zezenow (Cecenowo) (narrow gauge) and Budow (Budowo) (narrow gauge). The narrow gauge tracks were rebuilt as standard gauge by 1933, but were demolished during the Second World War. After the war, the first train connection to be restored was that with Lębork, reopened May 27, 1945. Between 1988 and 1989 almost all of the lines traversing the city were electrified.

Roads

Słupsk is traversed east-west by European route E28, which is known as National route 6 in Poland. A ring road is planned, which when built would carry the route 6/E28 traffic. The city can also be accessed by the National route 21 from Miastko, Voivodeship route 210 from Ustka to Unichowo and Voivodeship route 213 from Puck. Local roads of lesser importance connect Słupsk with surrounding villages and towns.

The city's network of streets is well developed, but many of them require general refurbishment. The city is currently investing significant sums of money in road development.

Air

Słupsk-Redzikowo Airport is now defunct, however, it once worked as a regular passenger airport of local significance. Several plans to eventually reopen it failed because of lack of funds. This area will be used for the US missile defense complex.

Culture

Słupsk is the regular venue for a number of festivals, most notably:

* the "Solidarity" International Contract Bridge Festival ("Międzynarodowy Festiwal Brydża Sportowego "Solidarność")
* the Komeda Jazz Festival
* the "Performance" International Art Festival ("Międzynarodowy Festiwal Sztuki "Performance")
* an International Piano Festival

Theatres

Słupsk currently has three theatres:

*the "Tęcza" ("Rainbow") Theatre
*the "Rondo" ("Roundabout") Theatre
*the New Theatre, reopened after a 13-year absenceIn the 1970s the Tęcza Theatre collaborated with the "Arcadia" Theatre from Oradea, Romania. This partnership ended after 1989 for political reasons.

Cinemas

At one time Słupsk had five functioning cinemas, but only one, the Millennium Cinema, remains open today. There is also a small specialist cinema on 3 Maja street.

Economy

Słupsk has a developing economy based on a number of large factories. The footwear industry has been particularly successful in the region, expanding its exports to many countries.

The Scania commercial vehicles plant also plays a very significant role in Słupsk's economy, generating the highest revenue out of all companies currently based in Słupsk. Most of the buses currently manufactured there are exported to Western Europe.

Notable Residents

* Kamila Augustyn (* 1982), badminton player
* Ulrich Beck (* 1944), sociologist
* Eduard von Bonin (1793–1865), prussian general
* Erwin Bumke (1874–1945), president of the German Imperial Court
* Oswald Bumke (1877–1950), psychiatrist
* Otto Freundlich (1878–1934), artist
* Hedwig Lachmann (1865–1918), author
* Otto Liman von Sanders (1855–1929), general
* Georg von der Marwitz (1856–1929), general
* Christian Meier (* 1929), historian
* Milena Rosner (* 1980), volleyball player
* Heinrich von Stephan (1831–1897), founder of the Universal Postal Union

Trade

Several retail developments have been carried out, with others either awaiting approval or already approved by the municipal authorities. Below is a list of some of Słupsk's existing or planned retail sites.

hopping malls

* Galeria Podkowa, on Starzyńskiego street
* Centrum Handlowe (CH) Passo, on Tuwima street
* CH Wokulski, on Kołątaja street
* Skwer Viki, on Wolności street
* CH Manhatan, on Wileńska street
* Galeria Słupsk (planned), on Tuwima street
* CHR Arena (planned), on Krzywoustego street
* CHR Jantar, on Szczecińska street
* CH in the former RDT, on Kopernika street
* Hala Targowa, Banacha street

Hypermarkets

*Real and OBI, on Szczecińska street (the main road to Szczecin)
*Kaufland, Kołłątaja street, city centre (close to the station)
*E.Leclerc, on Szczecińska street
*Castorama, on Hubalczyków street (the road to Bytów)
*Fimal, on Bałtycka street (the road to Ustka)

upermarkets

*Biedronka: 6 stores on Szczecińska, 11 listopada, Kulczyńskiego, Wolności, Przemysłowa and Lutosławskiego streets
*Lidl: 3 stores on Lutosławskiego, Kopernika and Tuwima streets
*Netto: 2 stores on Psie Pole and Małcużyńskiego streets
*Sieć 34: 2 stores on 11 listopada and Kołątaja streets
*Sano on Królowej Jadwigi street
*BOMI on Wolności street
*Sam Czar: 2 stores on Dmowskiego and Mostnika streets
*Intermarche (planned)

Restaurants

Słupsk has many restaurants, pizzerias, cafés and other catering establishments. One of the most famous pizzerias is that located in the Poranek café, which was the first pizzeria established in post-war Poland.

Sports clubs

* Energa Czarni Słupsk and Basket Słupsk: men's basketball
* Gryf '95 Słupsk: football
* Słupia Słupsk: handball
* Słupski Klub Sportowy Piast-B: badminton
* SKB Czarni Słupsk: boxing
* TPS Czarni Słupsk: women's volleyball
* Towarzystwo Pływackie Skalar Słupsk: swimming
* SKLA Słupsk: athletics

Energy and communications

Słupsk has a lattice tower used for television broadcasting. Near Słupsk is the static invertor station of the Swepol high-voltage submarine cable link.

US missile defense complex

The European Interceptor Site (EIS) of the US will be placed in nearby Redzikowo, forming a Ground-Based Midcourse Defense system in conjunction with a US narrow-beam midcourse tracking and discrimination radar system in the Czech Republic. It consists of up to 10 silo-based interceptors, a two-stage version of the existing three-stage Ground Based Interceptor (GBI), with Exoatmospheric Kill Vehicle (EKV).

The missile shield has received much local opposition in the area, including several protests. This included a protest in March 2008, when an estimated 300 protesters marched on the proposed site of the missile base [ [http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/03/29/europe/EU-GEN-Poland-Missile-Defense.php Protesters March on Proposed US Missile Base] ] .

Twin towns

Arkhangelsk, Bari, Bukhara, Carlisle, Cartaxo, Flensburg, Ustka, Vantaa, Vordingborg

ee also

*Słupsk (PKP station)
*Town Hall of Słupsk

References

External links

* [http://www.slupsk.pl/index.php?lang=en Municipal website]
* [http://www.muzeum.slupsk.pl/i1uk.htm Museum of Central Pomerania]
* [http://psi.slupsk.pl Słupsk portal] pl icon
* [http://www.bridgefestival.hg.pl/eng/index.php Solidarity International Bridge Festival]
* [http://www.m29.bzzz.net/ March 29th, 2008: Demonstration Against U.S. Missile Defence Shield]


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  • Slupsk — Słupsk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Słupsk — Słupsk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Słupsk — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Slupsk — Original name in latin Supsk Name in other language Gorad Slupsk, Slups k, Slupsk, Slupska, Slupskas, Stolp, Stolp in Pommern, Stolpe, Stolpsk, Stpsk, Supsk, seuubseukeu, si wu pu si ke, suupusuku, swwpsk, Горад Слупск, Слупск, Слупськ State code …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Slupsk — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Słupsk Country and Admin Code PL.82.2263 PL …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Słupsk — ▪ Poland German  Stolp        city, Pomorskie województwo (province), northern Poland. It lies along the Słupia River, 11 miles (18 km) from the Baltic coast. A manufacturing centre producing mainly furniture for export, it is situated on the… …   Universalium

  • Słupsk — (Stols) ► C. del N de Polonia, cap. del voivodato homónimo (7 453 km2 y 413 800 h); 101 200 h …   Enciclopedia Universal


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