- Diane Marleau
Diane Marleau, P.C.
Member of the Canadian House of Commons for Sudbury In office
December 12, 1988 – September 7, 2008
Preceded by Doug Frith Succeeded by Glenn Thibeault Minister for International Cooperation in the Government of Canada In office
June 11, 1997 – August 2, 1999
Preceded by Don Boudria Succeeded by Maria Minna Minister responsible for La Francophonie in the Government of Canada In office
June 11, 1997 – August 2, 1999
Preceded by Don Boudria Succeeded by Ron Duhamel Minister of Public Works and Government Services in the Government of Canada In office
July 12, 1996 – June 10, 1997
Preceded by legislation enacted Succeeded by Alfonso Gagliano Minister of Public Works in the Government of Canada In office
January 25, 1996 – July 11, 1996
Preceded by David Dingwall Succeeded by legislation enacted Minister of Supply and Services in the Government of Canada In office
January 25, 1996 – July 11, 1996
Preceded by David Dingwall Succeeded by legislation enacted Minister of National Health and Welfare in the Government of Canada In office
November 4, 1993 – January 24, 1996
Preceded by Mary Collins Succeeded by David Dingwall Minister of Amateur Sport in the Government of Canada In office
November 4, 1993 – January 24, 1996
Preceded by Mary Collins Succeeded by David Dingwall Parliamentary secretary to the President of the Treasury Board in the Government of Canada In office
July 20, 2004 – February 5, 2006
Preceded by Joe Jordan Succeeded by Pierre Poilievre Parliamentary secretary to the Minister responsible for the Canadian Wheat Board in the Government of Canada In office
July 20, 2004 – February 5, 2006
Preceded by position created Succeeded by David L. Anderson Member of the Sudbury City Council and the Regional Municipality of Sudbury Council In office
Personal details Born June 21, 1943
Kirkland Lake, Ontario
Political party Liberal Spouse(s) Paul Marleau Residence Kirkland Lake Profession accountant
Diane Marleau, PC, MP (born June 21, 1943) is a Canadian politician. She represented the riding of Sudbury in the Canadian House of Commons from 1988 to 2008, and was a cabinet minister in the government of Jean Chrétien. Marleau is a member of the Liberal Party of Canada.
Early life and career
Marleau was born Diane Lebal in Kirkland Lake, Ontario, one of three children raised by a single mother in a low-income household. She was a childhood friend of Marie-Paule Charette, who later became a Senator and president of the Liberal Party.
She studied Commerce at the University of Ottawa, but left after three years when she married fellow student Paul Marleau and moved to Sudbury. She worked as the secretary to a medical doctor for five years, prior to the introduction of Medicare. She later said that this experience made her realize the importance of a publicly-funded health system, saying "I was the one who had to collect the bills. It gave me an understanding of what it means when people are obliged to pay to see a doctor."
Marleau returned to Laurentian University as a mature student, and completed a Bachelor's Degree in Economics (1976). She worked as an accountant, managed an office for a firm of chartered accountants, and operated a restaurant she co-owned with her husband. She also served on the boards of Laurentian University and Laurentian Hospital. Marleau worked on Judy Erola's campaign in the 1980 federal election, and later credited Erola as a role model for her own career in public life.
Marleau entered politics at the municipal level, serving as a Sudbury alderman and a Regional Municipality of Sudbury councillor from 1980 to 1985. She chaired the city's Finance Committee, and backed a "pay as you go" debt-elimination plan that prohibited borrowing on capital investments. She served on the board of governors of Cambrian College, and was a member of the Ontario Advisory Council on Women's Issues. In 1983, she chaired the Canadian Games for Physically Disabled.
After the 1985 provincial election, Ontario Liberal Party leader David Peterson appointed Marleau to a ten-member transition team that assisted the party as it formed government for the first time in 42 years. She ran for Mayor of Sudbury in the 1985 municipal elections, and lost to incumbent Peter Wong. She was asked to run for the Ontario Liberal Party in the 1987 provincial election, but declined. Marleau was considered to be on the right-wing of the Liberal Party in this period, although she later identified with a more left-wing position.
Member of Parliament
Marleau was first elected to the House of Commons in the 1988 federal election. The Progressive Conservative Party under Brian Mulroney won a majority government in this election, and Marleau served in the Official Opposition as critic for Energy, Mines and Resources. She supported Jean Chrétien's successful bid for the party leadership in 1990, and was appointed to a five-person working group to design the party's tax policy. She was named deputy Liberal whip in 1991, and became associate finance critic in 1992. Marleau criticized Bank of Canada governor John Crow during this period, arguing that his high interest rate policy was driving the economy into a recession.
- Minister of Health
The Liberals won a majority government in 1993 federal election, and incoming Prime Minister Jean Chrétien appointed Marleau as Minister of National Health and Welfare and Minister of Amateur Sport on November 4, 1993. This came as a surprise to many political observers, as Marleau did not have the national profile normally associated with Health portfolio. Some have speculated that Chrétien originally planned to appoint Marleau as Minister of National Revenue, and assigned her to Health as a late replacement for Sheila Copps and/or Hedy Fry.
- Public health care
Marleau is a vocal supporter of public medicare. As Health Minister, she once said that she opposed user fees on the grounds that they discourage poor people from seeking medical treatment until the advanced stages of illness.
She intervened on more than one occasion to ensure that provincial governments upheld the principles of the Canada Health Act. Marleau withheld $750,000 in transfer payments to British Columbia in April 1994, after some doctors in that province extra-billed their patients for services. She defended this decision by arguing that it was inappropriate for taxpayers to subsidize private medicine. The British Columbia government supported her decision, and pledged to work with her in the future against extra-billing. Marleau also expressed concern about Ontario's cuts to out-of-country hospital insurance in the same period, though she added that her government could do little to intervene in this particular situation.
Marleau later took action to stop provincial governments from funding semi-private clinics that required patients to pay facility fees. This was primarily directed against Alberta, where the provincial government of Ralph Klein argued that such fees were not in violation of the Canada Health Act. In 1995, Marleau warned the Alberta government that it would face transfer cuts if it did not shut down its private eye and diagnostic clinics before a federal deadline. Alberta agreed to develop a new policy shortly before time expired. Marleau later indicated that her standoff with Alberta was opposed by some in the Prime Minister's Office, who worried about encroaching on a provincial jurisdiction during the period of the 1995 Quebec referendum. For his part, Chrétien described Marleau's stand against the Klein government as "courageous" in his 2007 memoirs.
After Marleau left the Health portfolio, the Chrétien government allowed Alberta doctors to work in both the public and private sectors by selling services not deemed "medically necessary". This did not technically constitute extra billing, as the services were not covered by medicare. Marleau opposed this decision.
- Federal spending
The Chrétien government's 1995 austerity budget reduced transfer payments to the provinces, and provided lump-sum financing for health and social spending in place of separate budgetary envelopes. Marleau argued that the new approach would free the provinces to spend more money on health, and allow them to better carry out the Canada Health Act's provisions. Some critics argued that the change put medicare at risk, while others suggested it would jeopardize other social programs in favour of health spending.
- Anti-smoking policy
The Chrétien government introduced a significant tax cut on tobacco in early 1994, to counter powerful smuggling rings that had emerged in Quebec. This decision was opposed by health professionals, on the grounds that it would lead to increased smoking rates among youth. Marleau personally opposed the strategy but could not prevent its implementation, a fact that undermined her reputation in the health community. She argued that the Chrétien government still favoured high tobacco taxes as a long-term strategy, and would seek to mitigate the cuts with a youth education program on the dangers of tobacco.
In April 1994, Marleau announced plans for legislation requiring that cigarettes be sold only in plain packages without corporate logos. This was strongly opposed by the tobacco industry, and ran into delays in the federal health committee. In June 1994, committee chair Roger Simmons issued a report indicating that Marleau's proposal was viable, but should be deferred pending research as to whether it would actually reduce smoking levels. A May 1995 report found no conclusive proof that plain packaging would reduce smoking, but suggested it would be effective in deterring children from starting the habit.
Marleau's plans suffered a setback later in 1995, when the Supreme Court of Canada unexpectedly struck down a law against tobacco advertising that had been passed by the Mulroney government in 1988. She expressed disappointment at the ruling, but later introduced a blueprint for new legislation that would ban all tobacco advertising and severely restrict tobacco companies from sponsoring arts and cultural events. The latter measure was opposed by some in the arts community, although polls showed that most Canadians supported the proposal.
Marleau left the Health portfolio before the legislation was introduced, and it was left to her successor David Dingwall to introduce modified legislation in late 1996. The resulting Tobacco Act was passed in early 1997.
- Women's health
Marleau established a section of Canada's Health department specifically devoted to women's issues, and introduced Canada's first Centre of Excellence focused on Women's Health. She brought forward a pilot project to better inform women about breast cancer in 1994, and later introduced a program to ensure that low-income pregnant women would have access to proper nutrition and prenatal care. In 1995, she announced the first conference on women's health issues sponsored by both Canada and the United States.
Marleau received a report on new reproductive technologies shortly after her appointment as Health Minister, and welcomed its primary thesis that conception and child-bearing should not become for-profit industries. She reiterated this view in late 1994, when speaking about the need for legislation to prevent the sale of human sperm and eggs. She called for a voluntary moratorium on commercial surrogate motherhood contracts the following year, as a first step toward greater regulation. Some believed this approach fell short of the 1993 report's recommendations, and expressed concern that it would be ineffective. Marleau later acknowledged that the voluntary approach was not successful, and indicated that legislation banning the sale of human eggs was forthcoming. Her successor introduced the legislation in June 1996.
In March 1994, Marleau announced that her government would legalize cannabis for commercial hemp production. In the same year, however, she introduced a bill to create a Controlled Drugs and Substances Act that would increase penalties for simple possession of marijuana. This was criticized by many in the Liberal caucus. The bill passed committee hearings more-or-less intact, but was withdrawn from the House of Commons agenda in July 1995.
Marleau introduced some programs to alleviate health problems in aboriginal communities during her tenure as Health Minister. A deal between the federal government and the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs was delayed in early 1995, as the result of disagreements on whether First Nations health care was a treaty right.
The Chrétien government set up a 22-member National Forum on Health in 1994, with Chrétien as chair and Marleau as vice-chair. They were joined by twenty health professionals and private citizens, with a mandate that focused on matters such as the health costs associated with an aging society, patient choice and responsibility, and research priorities. Some provincial governments criticized the structure of the panel, and some in the media argued that Roy Romanow would have been a better choice for chair.
In addition to serving as Health Minister, Marleau also served on a committee of cabinet that focused on jobs and the economy.
- Media coverage
Marleau's performance as Health Minister was frequently criticized in the national press. A Globe and Mail report in April 1994 argued that the government's tobacco tax cuts had made her the most undermined minister in Chrétien's cabinet. Throughout 1994 and 1995, there was frequent speculation that she would be shifted to another portfolio. One of the few occasions in which the national media supported her was during her stand against Alberta's semi-private clinics. Marleau later acknowledged that she was regarded as a weak minister after failing to stop the tobacco tax cut, but defended her overall performance by saying that she consistently stood up for public health care against powerful opposition.
- Minister of Public Works
Marleau was appointed as Minister of Public Works and Minister of Supply and Services on January 25, 1996. During her term, these positions were amalgamated into the position of Minister of Public Works and Government Services. Her first major act in this portfolio was to introduce Canada's newly-minted two-dollar coin at a Montreal civic landmark in February 1996.
- Canada Post
In late 1996, George Radwanski submitted a report to the federal government on the future of Canada Post. Although he opposed privatisation, he argued that the crown corporation was "needlessly and unfairly" competing with the private sector in some areas. Marleau accepted Radwanski's primary findings, and said that Canada Post would withdraw from delivering most store fliers and unaddressed junk mail. Canada Post responded by announcing that it would need to dismiss almost 10,000 part-time workers, and the Canadian Union of Postal Workers held a series of protests against the government. Marleau did not endorse Radwanski's recommendation that Canada Post should concentrate solely on delivering regular mail, and also disagreed with his call for the government to sell Purolator Courier.
Shortly before the 1997 federal election, Marleau announced that the federal government would review Canada Post's urban and rural delivery services and appoint an ombudsman to oversee the corporation.
- Sponsorship program
In November 1996, Marleau and Jean Chrétien sought and received $34 million dollars from the Treasury Board of Canada for sponsorship spending earmarked toward national unity. This followed a narrow federalist victory in the 1995 Quebec referendum, and was intended to reduce the threat of Quebec separatism. The program continued under Marleau's successor, Alfonso Gagliano. Some of these funds were later discovered to have been misappropriated, leading to a national controversy known as the sponsorship scandal. Marleau subsequently testified before a public inquiry that she did not personally oversee the program, and that she had declined on procedural grounds to receive direct reports from sponsorship head Chuck Guité. Her account was confirmed by others involved in the program, and she was cleared of any wrongdoing by a commission led by Justice John Gomery.
Marleau privatized the Canada Communications Group's printing, warehousing and distribution operations in 1996, but took steps to ensure that jobs, wage levels and benefits would be protected after the sale. She later warned the Ontario provincial government of Mike Harris against its plans to download social housing to the municipalities, arguing that any such move would require Ottawa's concurrence. Her successor formally rejected the Harris government's plan in July 1997.
Marleau announced that the Department of Public Works would tighten its anti-discriminatory regulations in 1996, after an employee working on repairs at the Peace Tower complained of sexual discrimination. One of her last major acts as Public Works Minister was to officially open Confederation Bridge, a permanent land link between Prince Edward Island and the rest of Canada.
Reflecting on Marleau's tenure as Public Works Minister in 2002, journalist Edward Greenspon wrote that she did not fit the profile of the "pork barrel" politician usually assigned to the portfolio and that her term in office was necessarily brief.
- Minister of International Cooperation
Marleau was re-elected without difficulty in the 1997 federal election, in which the Liberals won a second consecutive majority government. On June 11, 1997, she was appointed as Minister for International Co-operation and Minister responsible for La Francophonie. Shortly after her appointment, she called on Canada to take a stronger role in developing information technology services in the global south. She later wrote a piece supporting microcredit loans, arguing that they would promote women's rights in under-developed countries.
Marleau announced in late 1997 that she would try to convince her cabinet colleagues not to proceed with a scheduled $150 million cut in international aid. She argued that the cut was initially planned as part of a deficit-fighting strategy, and said that Canada's improved financial situation made it unnecessary. The budget cuts were eventually held to $60 million, and Marleau expressed hope that no further reductions would occur in the future.
Marleau introduced several aid programs during her tenure as International Cooperation Minister. She committed two million dollars to land mine removal in Afghanistan and Cambodia, and announced $23.8 million dollars for infrastructure, water and environmental projects in Bangladesh. She pledged $500,000 to promoting dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians in June 1998, and promised $100 million over three to four years for Central American rebuilding efforts following the devastation of Hurricane Mitch. She also committed over fifty million dollars in new money for Kosovar refugees in March 1999.
Marleau gave permission for Canadian organizations to send direct famine relief to North Korea in 1997, during a period of widespread starvation in that country. Direct aid to North Korea is normally prohibited for geopolitical reasons, but Marleau and others argued that humanitarian intervention was necessary in this instance.
In April 1998, Marleau said that Canada would consider restoring foreign aid to Burma after ten years of sanctions for human rights abuses. She argued that Canada was often able to bring about quiet diplomacy with repressive regimes, after earning their trust through development work. Her comments about Burma were widely criticized, and she later indicated that the restoration of foreign aid was conditional on improved human rights conditions.
Out of cabinet
Marleau was dropped from cabinet on August 3, 1999. She became increasingly critical of Jean Chrétien's leadership after being sent to the backbenches, and developed a reputation as a party maverick. In 2000, she argued that Chrétien was not doing enough to protect medicare and called on the government to block Alberta's plans to allow public funding for private, for-profit clinics. Some Liberal MPs were unhappy with Marleau's remarks; when asked about the matter, Chrétien remarked, "It looks like [bitterness], but I don't know".
Prior to the 2000 federal election, Marleau aligned herself with a group of Liberal MPs who supported Paul Martin's ambition to succeed Chrétien as party leader. Nothing came of this in the short term, and Chrétien led the Liberals to a third consecutive majority government. Marleau ran to become Speaker of the House of Commons in January 2001, but was eliminated on the first ballot. In July 2002, she became one of the first sixteen Liberal MPs to openly call on Chrétien to resign as party leader.
In May 2003, Marleau introduced the first-ever Older Adults Justice Act in Canada. It called for the creation of a national ombudsman on the rights of older Canadians, and sought to amend the Criminal Code to make it a criminal offence to knowingly target the elderly for criminal purposes. The legislation died at committee when parliament was dissolved for the 2004 federal election, and was re-introduced by Lloyd St. Amand in the next Parliament.
Paul Martin succeeded Jean Chrétien as Liberal Party leader and Prime Minister of Canada in December 2003, and led the Liberals to a minority government in the 2004 election. Marleau was re-elected to a fifth term, and was appointed as parliamentary secretary to the President of the Treasury Board and the minister responsible for the Canadian Wheat Board. There was speculation that she would be returned to cabinet in late 2005, but nothing came of this.
The Liberals were defeated in the 2006 federal election, as the Conservatives under Stephen Harper won a minority government. Marleau ran for Speaker again at the start of the new parliament, arguing that she would work to restore decorum during Question Period. She was defeated by incumbent speaker Peter Milliken.
Marleau endorsed Bob Rae in the 2006 Liberal Party leadership contest, and moved to the camp of Stéphane Dion when Rae was eliminated on the next-to-last ballot. She later became a prominent supporter of Dion's Green Shift plan within the Liberal Party. Marleau chaired the House of Commons Standing Committee on Government Operations and Estimates in the 39th parliament,  and was also elected chair of the Liberal Women's Caucus in March 2008.
Marleau was defeated by New Democratic Party candidate Glenn Thibeault in the 2008 federal election. She later said that comments made by Sudbury Member of Provincial Parliament Rick Bartolucci shortly before election day played a "crucial" role in her defeat. Marleau later said that she will probably not seek re-election to the House of Commons.
The Conservative Party won a second minority government in the 2008 election. In December 2008, the Liberals and New Democrats announced plans to defeat the Conservatives on a motion of non-confidence and form a new coalition government. Marleau was a supporter of the proposed coalition, which dissolved when Stephen Harper prorogued parliament and Michael Ignatieff replaced Dion as Liberal leader.
Marleau was awarded the Bernadine Yackman Award from the Business and Professional Women's Club of Greater Sudbury in March 2009.
Marleau's husband, Paul Marleau, is a prominent businessman in Sudbury who ran for mayor of the city in 2003.
Table of offices held
Ministers of State (External Relations) (1982-1983) Ministers for External Relations (1983-1995) Ministers for International Cooperation (1995-) Ministers of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment (1918-1928) Ministers of Pensions and National Health (Canada) (1928-1944)1 Ministers of Health and Welfare Canada (1944-1996) Ministers of Health (Canada) (1996-) 1The portfolio was divided to create the posts of Minister of National Health and Welfare and Minister of Veterans Affairs.
2008 federal election : Sudbury edit Party Candidate Votes % +/- Expenditures New Democratic Party Glenn Thibeault 15,094 35.15 +3.20 $71,329 Liberal (x)Diane Marleau 12,969 30.20 -11.37 $50,177 Conservative Gerry Labelle 11,073 25.79 +4.11 $85,730 Green Gordon Harris 3,330 7.75 +5.02 $8,704 First Peoples Will Morin 397 0.92 $0 Independent David Popescu 80 0.19 +0.08 $148 Total valid votes/Expense limit 42,943 100.00 $82,461 Total rejected ballots 192 0.45 -0.03 Turnout 43,135 58.51 -7.48 Electors on the lists 73,724 New Democratic Party gain from Liberal Swing -7.3
Note: italicized expenditure totals refer to data that has not yet been finalized by Elections Canada.
2006 federal election : Sudbury edit Party Candidate Votes % +/- Expenditures Liberal (x)Diane Marleau 19,809 41.57 -2.62 $78,232 New Democratic Party Gerry McIntaggart 15,225 31.95 +2.09 $38,386 Conservative Kevin Serviss 10,332 21.68 +0.63 $73,294 Green Joey Methé 1,301 2.73 -1.94 $420 Progressive Canadian Stephen L. Butcher 782 1.64 $365 Marxist-Leninist Dave Starbuck 77 0.16 -0.07 $147 Communist Sam Hammond 70 0.15 $280 Independent David Popescu 54 0.11 none listed Total valid votes 47,650 100.00 Total rejected ballots 228 0.48 -0.07 Turnout 47,878 65.99 +5.91 Electors on the lists 72,552 2004 federal election : Sudbury edit Party Candidate Votes % +/- Expenditures Liberal (x)Diane Marleau 18,914 44.19 -12.80 $56,246 New Democratic Party Gerry McIntaggart 12,781 29.86 +16.42 $19,265 Conservative Stephen L. Butcher 9,008 21.05 -6.44 $60,810 Green Luke Norton 1,999 4.67 $1,348 Marxist-Leninist Dave Starbuck 100 0.23 $660 Total valid votes 42,802 100.00 Total rejected ballots 235 0.55 -0.06 Turnout 43,037 60.08 +5.77 Electors on the lists 71,627
Percentage change figures are factored for redistribution. Conservative Party percentages are contrasted with the combined Canadian Alliance and Progressive Conservative percentages from 2000. Sources: Official Results, Elections Canada and Financial Returns, Elections Canada.
2000 federal election : Sudbury edit Party Candidate Votes % +/- Expenditures Liberal (x)Diane Marleau 20,290 58.52 +3.10 $49,746 Canadian Alliance Mike Smith 6,554 18.90 +5.94 $24,801 New Democratic Party Paul Chislett 4,368 12.60 -8.52 $10,732 Progressive Conservative Alex McGregor 2,642 7.62 -1.01 $3,827 Green Thomas Gerry 503 1.45 $327 Canadian Action Party Kathy Wells-McNeil 215 0.62 -0.63 $2,006 Communist Daryl Janet Shandro 98 0.28 $591 Total valid votes 34,670 100.00 Total rejected ballots 210 0.60 -0.41 Turnout 34,880 54.31 -8.20 Electors on the lists 64,220 1997 federal election : Sudbury edit Party Candidate Votes % +/- Expenditures Liberal (x)Diane Marleau 22,223 55.42 -9.56 $38,251 New Democratic Party John Filo 8,471 21.12 -0.93 $43,509 Reform Jim Rollo 5,198 12.96 +11.66 $10,657 Progressive Conservative Bill Lee 3,459 8.63 +0.28 $6,493 Canadian Action Party Kathy McNeil 502 1.25 $1,258 Natural Law Roy Hankonen 247 0.62 $0.00 Total valid votes 40,100 100.00 Total rejected ballots 412 1.02 +0.72 Turnout 40,512 62.51 -2.82 Electors on the lists 64,806 1993 federal election : Sudbury edit Party Candidate Votes % +/- Expenditures Liberal (x)Diane Marleau 27,951 66.08 +24.05 $37,453 Reform Mike Smith 5,788 13.68 $8,233 Progressive Conservative Maurice Lamoureux 3,679 8.70 -13.29 $35,719 New Democratic Party Rosemarie Blenkinsop 3,675 8.69 -19.08 $36,968 National Paul H. Chislett 512 1.21 $1,555 Non-affiliated (CoR) Billie Christiansen 276 0.65 -7.32 $2,852 Natural Law David Shaw 202 0.48 $141 Independent Ed Pokonzie 129 0.30 $230 Abolitionist Richard Lionel Gouin 86 0.20 $0 Total valid votes 42,298 100.00 Total rejected ballots 379 0.89 +0.34 Turnout 42,677 65.41 -8.15 Electors on the lists 65,243
Source: Thirty-fifth General Election, 1993: Official Voting Results, Published by the Chief Electoral Officer of Canada. Financial figures taken from official contributions and expenses provided by Elections Canada.
1988 federal election : Sudbury edit Party Candidate Votes % +/- Expenditures Liberal Diane Marleau 17,879 42.03 +0.9 $37,582 New Democratic Party Bill Major 11,811 27.77 +2.0 $36,732 Progressive Conservative Bob Fera 9,356 21.99 -10.1 $43,024 Confederation of Regions S. Brent Ridley 3,391 7.97 $8,808 Communist Mike Phillips 102 0.24 $2,044 Total valid votes 42,539 100.00 Total rejected ballots 234 0.55 Turnout 42,773 73.56 Electors on the lists 58,144
Note: The +/- totals are factored for redistribution.
1985 Sudbury municipal election, Mayor of Sudburyedit Candidate Total votes % of total votes (x)Peter Wong elected Diane Marleau defeated Ted Szilva defeated other candidates? Total votes cast
Marleau was elected to the Sudbury City Council in 1980 and 1982. She also served on the Sudbury Regional Council.
All statistical information is taken from Elections Canada. Italicized expenditures from elections after 1997 refer to submitted totals, and are presented when the final reviewed totals are not available.
- ^ Duhamel was styled as Secretary of State for the Francophonie.
- ^ Anderson and Jacques Gourde were both named as parliamentary secretaries to the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food and Minister for the Canadian Wheat Board. Anderson was given particular responsibility for the Canadian Wheat Board.
- ^ "Diane Marleau", Canada Votes '97, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
- ^ William Johnson, ""Average Canadian' : Health minister exudes determination and competence", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 3 December 1993, A9; Rosemary Spiers, "A defender of medicare: 'Ordinary' Diane Marleau has an extraordinary task", Toronto Star, 9 December 1993, A25.
- ^ Trish Crawford, "Erola revs up for another challenge", Toronto Star, 19 April 1987, D1.
- ^ Marleau also supported a one-tier regional government. John Sewell, "Sudbury's albatross", Globe and Mail, 9 July 1985, P13; Rosemary Spiers, "A defender of medicare: 'Ordinary' Diane Marleau has an extraordinary task", Toronto Star, 9 December 1993, A25; "Influential women of North Ontario: Diane Marleau", Northern Ontario Business, 1 September 1998, p. S10.
- ^ Mick Lowe, "Labor boss angered by college governors", Globe and Mail, 23 January 1985, M6; Robert Stephens, "Window-dressing Liberal team not real power, insider says", Globe and Mail, 1 June 1985, P5.
- ^ Canada Votes 2006: Sudbury, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, accessed 12 March 2008.
- ^ Robert Stephens, "Liberals appoint transfer team", Globe and Mail, 31 May 1985, P1.
- ^ Rudy Platiel, "Leaders defeated all over the province", Globe and Mail, 13 November 1985, A1.
- ^ "Influential women of North Ontario: Diane Marleau", Northern Ontario Business, 1 September 1998, p. S10.
- ^ Edward Greenspon, "Bird on a wire", Globe and Mail, 27 August 1994, D1.
- ^ Patricia Poirier, "Chrétien would scrap GST", Globe and Mail, 29 October 1990, A1; Paul Adams, "Caucus revolt brewing as Liberals convene", Globe and Mail, 15 March 2000, A4.
- ^ Rosemary Spiers, "Chrétien names Copps deputy Liberal leader", Toronto Star, 31 January 1991, A4; "Marchi, Tobin take on Liberal campaign role", Toronto Star, 16 January 1992, A12.
- ^ Shawn McCarthy, "Can't just cut interest rates to spur economy, Crow insists", Toronto Star, 3 June 1993, F1.
- ^ Ross Howard, "Health Minister took turn for the worse, critics say", Globe and Mail, 10 February 1994, A6; Edward Greenspon, "Bird on a wire", Globe and Mail, 27 August 1994, D1.
- ^ William Johnson, ""Average Canadian' : Health minister exudes determination and competence", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 3 December 1993, A9; Rosemary Speirs, "'No tax on sickness' federal Liberals vow", Toronto Star, 29 January 1994, A1.
- ^ Derek Ferguson, "The federal government is cutting health-care payments to [...]", Toronto Star, 27 April 1994, A11; Scott Feschuk, "Marleau renews threat to Alberta", Globe and Mail, 29 November 1994, A1.
- ^ Diane Marleau, letter, Globe and Mail, 3 May 1994, A22.
- ^ Rosemary Speirs, "Ottawa withholds health funds", Toronto Star, 19 May 1994, A3.
- ^ See "Controversial cuts in OHIP taking place on schedule", Toronto Star, 30 June 1994, A8; William Walker, "Snowbirds file suit over cuts in OHIP", Toronto Star, 17 August 1998, A8. See also Thomas Walkom, "Excuse me, is there a health minister in the house?", Toronto Star, 18 August 1994, A21 and Diane Marleau, letter, Toronto Star, 25 August 1994, A22.
- ^ Tu Thanh Ha and Scott Feschuk, "End extra health fees, Marleau demands", Globe and Mail, 7 June 1995, A1; John Dafoe, "Punishing Alberta", Winnipeg Free Press, 10 January 1995. Perhaps surprisingly, Andrew Coyne came out in support of Marleau's position. See Andrew Coyne, "If you're in the medicare system, you play by medicare rules", Globe and Mail, 16 January 1995, A12.
- ^ Derek Ferguson, "Health care under the knife", Toronto Star, 13 July 1995, A17; Rosemary Speirs, "Marleau plans to crack down on Alberta", Toronto Star, 29 August 1995, A17; Craig McInnes, "Deadline firm to stop funding private clinics", Globe and Mail, 20 September 1995, A3.
- ^ The province also called for the deadline to be extended, a demand that Marleau rejected. Alanna Mitchell, "Alberta surrenders in clinic dispute", Globe and Mail, 12 October 1995, A2; Shawn McCarthy, "Deadline passes for penalties on clinics", Toronto Star, 16 October 1995, A3.
- ^ Brian Laghi, "Pay for MRI and jump the queue: Who will object?", Globe and Mail, 6 December 2002, A14.
- ^ Jean Chrétien, My Years As Prime Minister, (Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada), 2007, p. 271.
- ^ Thomas Walkom, "Back from the grave", Toronto Star, 4 December 1999, p. 1; Thomas Walkom, "Liberals are all talk no action on medicare", Toronto Star, 21 March 2000, p. 1; Thomas Walkom, "PM is no champion of medicare", Toronto Star, 28 March 2000, p. 1. Walkom originally wrote that Marleau approved Chrétien's compromise plan with Alberta; he corrected himself in the March 28th article.
- ^ Tu Thanh Ha, "Health standards now easier to maintain, Marleau says", Globe and Mail, 4 March 1995, A1; Thomas Walkom, "Martin's budget has indeed put medicare at risk", Toronto Star, 7 March 1995, A21; Susan Delacourt, "Copps' new book stranger than fiction", Toronto Star, 23 October 2004, A6.
- ^ Hugh Winsor, "The political odds are against Chrétien", Globe and Mail, 9 February 1994, A4; Ross Howard, "Health Minister took turn for the worse, critics say", Globe and Mail, 10 February 1994, A6; Rosemary Speirs, "Minister backs health groups on tobacco tax", Toronto Star, 28 January 1994, A3.
- ^ "Gradual rise in cigarette prices seen", Toronto Star, 1 May 1994, A5.
- ^ Martin Mittelstaedt, "Marleau aiming for plain-packaged cigarettes", Globe and Mail, 8 April 1994, A3; Martin Mittelstaedt, "Health Minister's move shocks tobacco industry", Globe and Mail, 9 April 1994, A5; Doug Fischer, "Committee backs off on plain-package smokes", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 13 April 1994, D8; Ross Howard, "Marleau faces fight on plain packages for cigarettes", Globe and Mail, 4 May 1994, N3; Barrie McKenna, "Hearing finds no evidence plain packages curb smoking", Globe and Mail, 13 May 1994, B2; Shawn McCarthy, "Plain-pack smokes scheme postponed", Toronto Star, 14 June 1994, A10.
- ^ Peter Morton, "Go slow on plain packs: report", Financial Post, 22 June 1994, 8. Simmons also raised concerns about possible legal implications. See "Plain cigarette packs delayed", Hamilton Spectator, 19 November 1994, A17.
- ^ Barrie McKenna, "Smoking probe hazy on packs", Globe and Mail, 18 May 1995, B1; "Teens would puff less if cig packs plain: study", Hamilton Spectator, 18 May 1995, C7.
- ^ Barrie McKenna, "Tobacco ad ban struck down", Globe and Mail, 22 September 1995, A1.
- ^ Elizabeth Renzetti and Christopher Harris, "Smokeless-sponsorship plan shocks artists", Globe and Mail, 12 December 1995, D1; Barrie McKenna, "Total tobacco ad ban sought", Globe and Mail, 12 December 1995, A1; Bronwyn Drainie, "Arts community hit by ill-conceived attacks", Globe and Mail, 14 December 1995, C1.
- ^ Craig Sumi, "Canadians support government's plan to ban tobacco ads, poll suggests", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 3 February 1996, A7; Dennis Bueckert, "Ban backed on tobacco advertising", Winnipeg Free Press, 10 July 1996, B1.
- ^ Scott Feschuk, "Ottawa delays tobacco law while finishing 'homework'", Globe and Mail, 4 June 1996, B7; "Smoke free and free speech" [editorial], Globe and Mail, 30 November 1996, D8.
- ^ Paul Mooney, "Breast-cancer information plan touted", Canadian Press, 25 March 1994; "Centres selected for Phase 2 funding", Canadian Chemical News, 1 June 1994, p. 8.
- ^ Jane Coutts, "Ottawa allots $85-million to boost newborns' health", Globe and Mail, 27 July 1994, A5.
- ^ Greg Coleman, "Canada, U.S. to hold women's health forum", Winnipeg Free Press, 13 November 1995, B1.
- ^ Doug Nairne, "Souls confront science", Winnipeg Free Press, 1 December 1993.
- ^ Derek Ferguson, "Ottawa may ban human eggs sale", Toronto Star, 13 December 1994, A1.
- ^ David Vienneau, "Moratorium sought on surrogacy contracts", Toronto Star, 27 July 1995, A3; Michael Valpy, "Creepy genetics unchecked", Globe and Mail, 28 July 1995, A15; "Fertility clinics indifferent to Marleau's moratorium", Globe and Mail, 29 July 1995, A5.
- ^ David Vienneau, "Human egg sales denounced", Toronto Star, 17 January 1996, A2.
- ^ Dennis Bueckert, "Bill puts limits on technology", Winnipeg Free Press, 14 June 1996, B1.
- ^ "Cannabis to be legal for hemp", Globe and Mail, 21 March 1994, A5.
- ^ David Vienneau, "Confronted by fierce opposition from its own benches ...", Toronto Star, 2 June 1994, A14.
- ^ Dennis Bueckert, "Small-l Liberals fail in attempt to soften anti-drug bill", Winnipeg Free Press, 13 July 1995, A9; "Drug bill pulled from Commons agenda", Toronto Star, 16 June 1995, A17.
- ^ "Ottawa to spend more on native health", Globe and Mail, 26 September 1994, A4; Jim Carr, "Healthier lifestyles", Winnipeg Free Press, 30 October 1994.
- ^ Bill Redekop, "Natives watch health pact die", Winnipeg Free Press, 17 February 1995.
- ^ Rod Mickleburgh, "Tax cut threatens health forum", Globe and Mail, 8 February 1994, A4.
- ^ Tu Thanh Ha, "National forum faces two-fold challenge", Globe and Mail, 21 October 1994, A13.
- ^ "PM calls job creation", Globe and Mail, 10 November 1995, A4.
- ^ Susan Delacourt, "Performance review", Globe and Mail, 16 April 1994, D1.
- ^ Edward Greenspon and Susan Delacourt, "Where the cards may fall", Globe and Mail, 23 June 1995, A11; Andrew Coyne, "Health Minister's strong stance calls premiers' bluff", Globe and Mail, 16 October 1995, A14. An October 1995 review by Inside Ottawa described her office as the most poorly managed in the Chrétien administration. See "National notebook", Globe and Mail, 21 October 1995, A4.
- ^ Dennis Bueckert, "Ottawa can stop Alberta: Ex-minister", Toronto Star, 13 March 2000, 1.
- ^ Alan Freeman, "$2 coin to provide windfall profit", Globe and Mail, 19 February 1996, A1.
- ^ "10,000 part-timers to lose jobs as post office gets out of junk mail ...", Winnipeg Free Press, 11 October 1996, B1; Gay Abbate, "CUPW protests at MPs' offices", Globe and Mail, 5 December 1996, A5; Shawn McCarthy, "Ad mail not post office business, minister says", Toronto Star, 10 December 1996, D9. Several government backbenchers also opposed Marleau's decision. See Gord McIntosh, "Marleau facing bankbench revolt", Globe and Mail, 13 December 1996, N21.
- ^ John Geddes, "Report says post office should get out of the courier business and stop delivering flyers", Financial Post, 9 October 1996, 1l; Marleau reiterated her opposition to privatization in 1997. See "Marleau Outlines Plan For Canada Post" [press release], Canada NewsWire, 23 April 1997, 10:10; Laura Eggertson, "Ottawa promises no hikes in stamp prices for two years", Globe and Mail, 24 April 1997, B4.
- ^ Laura Eggerston, "Ottawa promises no hikes in stamp prices for two years", Globe and Mail, 24 April 1997, B4.
- ^ Andrew McIntosh, "Chrétien sought $61.8-million in sponsorship cash", National Post, 25 February 2004, A5.
- ^ Elizabeth Thompson, "Gagliano deeply involved, MPs told", National Post, 26 March 2004, A1; Chantal Hébert, "9 weeks later, still no smoking gun", Toronto Star, 23 April 2004, A21; Gloria Galloway and Ingrid Peritz, "Defiant Gagliano considers running as an Independent", Globe and Mail, 2 November 2005. Guité subsequently went over Marleau's head and reported to Jean Pelletier, chief of staff to the prime minister. See Campbell Clark, "Ministers gave ‘input,' Guité says", Globe and Mail, 23 April 2004, A9. Guité testified to a parliamentary committee, "Mme. Marleau, she didn't have the feel for what we were doing, so I basically got a comment from PMO, ‘Well, look, over the next little while, deal with us.'" See John Ibbitson, "The $100-million that simply disappeared", Globe and Mail, 15 May 2004, F2.
- ^ "Ottawa's printing arm placed on sales block", Toronto Star, 23 May 1996, D8; Neville Nankivell, "PRIVATIZATION PLANS MEET OPPOSITION FROM UNLIKELY SOURCE: REFORM PARTY", Financial Post, 5 October 1996, 23; "Toronto firm buys Queen's Printer", Toronto Star, 14 December 1996, B7.
- ^ Edward Greenspon and James Rusk, "Ottawa, Ontario at odds over social-housing plan", Globe and Mail, 7 June 1997, A1.
- ^ Derek Ferguson, "Ottawa rejects plan on housing", Toronto Star, 24 July 1997, A6.
- ^ "Rules tougher on bias at job sites", Toronto Star, 14 September 1996, A10; "Steps to minimize discrimination on federal construction projects announced", Canadian Occupational Health & Safety News, 23 September 1996.
- ^ Kevin Cox, "Bridge opening marks sad day for ferry crews", Globe and Mail, 2 June 1997, A8. In June 1996, Marleau's office released a five-year financial plan on the future of Toronto's Harbourfront. The proposal recommended financial support from both the federal government at the City of Toronto, and was welcomed by Toronto Mayor Barbara Hall. See H.J. Kirchhoff, "Harbourfront plan 'tough, but do-able'", Globe and Mail, 5 June 1996, C1.
- ^ Edward Greenspon, "The party's not over for Alfonso Gagliano", Globe and Mail, 10 January 2002, A21.
- ^ Hugh Winsor and Edward Greenspon, "PM bets on familiar faces", Globe and Mail, 12 June 1997, A1.
- ^ Diane Marleau, "Stop the information revolution, they want to get on", Globe and Mail, 19 June 1997, A19; Paul Knox, "Developing nations urged to use the Internet", Globe and Mail, 24 June 1997, A14.
- ^ Diane Marleau, "Plight of millions of women desperate", Toronto Star, 6 March 1998, A24.
- ^ Paul Knox, "Unicef pushes nutrient programs", Globe and Mail, 17 December 1997, A16.
- ^ Juliet O'Neal, "Foreign aid cuts almost over", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 27 February 1998, A2.
- ^ Allan Thompson, "Canadian cash backs anti-mine campaign", Toronto Star, 25 March 1998, A8.
- ^ "Canada to finance Bangladeshi projects", Agence France Presse, 6 April 1998; "Canada To Support Bangladesh In Its Efforts To Improve Quality Of Life" [press release], Canada NewsWire, 6 April 1998, 09:16.
- ^ Martin Regg Cohn, "Canada invests cash in Middle East peace", Toronto Star, 9 June 1998, A12.
- ^ "Canada pledges $100-million to aid devastated Central America", Globe and Mail, 16 November 1998, 16.
- ^ Jeff Sallot, "Canada increases its commitment to the war effort", Globe and Mail, 31 March 1999, A14; Brian Laghi and Murray Campbell, "Ottawa tops up Kosovo relief", Globe and Mail, 23 April 1999, A15.
- ^ Leslie-Ann Boctor, "Hunger's haunting images: North Korea is trying to fight off famine", Hamilton Spectator, 18 August 1997, C5.
- ^ Rod Mickleburgh, "Ottawa may resume Burma aid", Globe and Mail, 22 April 1998, A1.
- ^ Jeff Sallot, "Burma gaffe hooks junior minister", Globe and Mail, 23 April 1998, A2.
- ^ Mark MacKinnon, "Marleau fills maverick's role", Globe and Mail, 8 April 2000, A4.
- ^ Mark MacKinnon, "Ex-minister blasts PM on medicare: Marleau assails her own party's inaction", Globe and Mail, 6 April 2000, p. 1; Dennis Bueckert, "Ottawa can stop Alberta: Ex-minister", Toronto Star, 13 March 2000, 1.
- ^ Mark MacKinnon, "Marleau fills maverick's role", Globe and Mail, 8 April 2000, A4.
- ^ "Who are you calling a nervous Nellie?", National Post, 30 August 2000, A7.
- ^ Tim Harper, "New Speaker Milliken fulfils dream", Toronto Star, 30 January 2001, p. 1.
- ^ Anne Dawson, "16 Liberal MPs willing to declare PM should resign", National Post, 25 July 2002, A1. Marleau criticized Chrétien's ethics reform package later in the year, arguing that it did not provide sufficient oversight of cabinet ministers. See Diane Marleau, "Let rules be the same for all", Toronto Star, 14 October 2002, A15.
- ^ Diane Marleau: Biography, Diane Marleau website, accessed 12 March 2008.
- ^ Susan Delacourt and Les Whittington, "Ottawa hit by political shakeups", Toronto Star, 7 September 2005, A2.
- ^ Bill Curry, "Old schoolmarm' required for raucous MPs, Marleau says", Globe and Mail, 24 March 2006, A4.
- ^ Linda Diebel, "Dion hunts Ontario support", Toronto Star, 31 October 2006, A6.
- ^ Diane Marleau, "Green Shift a 'Win-Win' for Sudbury, Canadians", Sudbury Star, 10 July 2008, A11.
- ^ Jim Brown, "Gomery readies new blast at Tories for sponsorship response", Canadian Press, 11 March 2008, 14:57.
- ^ "Diane Marleau Elected Chair of Liberal Womens' Caucus", Diane Marleau official website, accessed 12 March 2008.
- ^ Bartolucci, who is also a Liberal, had responded to Marleau's apparent criticism of his aggressive political style by saying "I'll compare styles with Diane Marleau any time and I'll compare results with Diane Marleau any time. I want somebody in Ottawa who is not going to be a deadbeat person. I want someone who is going to ensure that we stand up and fight for our community." Marleau said that these comments reinforced the New Democratic Party's criticism of her record in office. Bartolucci responded that Sudbury residents had wanted a change, and that his remarks did not play a significant role in the result. See Angela Scappatura, "MPP's comments hurt campaign: Marleau", Sudbury Star, 22 October 2008, A3. Bartolucci's comments were originally reported in Bob Vaillancourt, "She took a shot at me: Bartolucci", Sudbury Star, 7 October 2008, A2.
- ^ Angela Scappatura, "MPP's comments hurt campaign: Marleau", Sudbury Star, 22 October 2008, A3.
- ^ Angela Scappatura, "Dion gone, coalition in doubt", Sudbury Star, 9 December 2008, A1.
- ^ Harold Carmichael, "Marleau wins a Yackman", Sudbury Star, 18 March 2009, A3.
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