Anwaruddin Muhammed Khan

Anwaruddin Muhammed Khan
Anwaruddin Muhammed Khan (1744 - 1749)
Death of the Nabob of the Carnatic in a battle against the French in 1749, by Paul Philipoteaux.

Muhammad Anwaruddin (1672–1749) was the 1st Nawab of Arcot of the second Dynasty. He was a major figure during the Second Carnatic War.

He was a direct descendant of Hazarath Omar, the Second Caliph of Islam[citation needed]. Nawab Anwaruddin Khan was born at Gopamau, a place in Hardoi District, United Provinces, India in 1674. He was the son of Haji Muhammad Anwar. His official name was Amin us-Sultanat, Siraj ud-Daula, Nawab Haji Muhammad Jan-i-Jahan Anwar ud-din Khan Bahadur, Shahamat Jang, Subadar of the Carnatic.

He went to Delhi and enlisted in the imperial army and soon rose to a high position. The Emperor Aurangzeb was very pleased with him on account of his faithful work[citation needed]. He served as Governor of Surat[citation needed]. Also he was posted to Rajahmundry, where he served for several years as Governor[citation needed]. He was the Yameen-us-Sultanat (right hand man) of Nizam-ul-Mulk, the founder of Hyderabad State in India. He was also the ruler of Rajamundry.

Muhammad Anwaruddin was first appointed as the Regent during the minority of Muhammad Sa'id. After the death of Muhammad Sa'id, Anwaruddin was appointed by the Nizam as his representative and Nawab of the Carnatic on 28 March 1744. Thus he became the founder of the Second Dynasty of the Nawab of the Carnatic. Anwaruddin maintaining a cordial relationship with the East India Company would come into conflict with the French after the death of Nizam-ul-Mulk in 1748.

In 1746, the French and the English fought and achieve their supremacy in India, each over the other. The soil of the Carnatic became the arena of their action. In 1746, the French captured the English possessions at Madras and Cuddalore.

Muhammad Anwaruddin fought against the French on the banks of the Adyar and won a decisive victory[citation needed], recaptured the two towns and restored them to the English[citation needed]. Thus, he maintained the honour of his administration and established the power of his "Nizamath" or government[citation needed].

Muhammad Anwaruddin received overtures for support from both from the English and the French, but supported the English. The French wanted to reduce the growing influence of the English in the Carnatic. So they supported Husayn Dost Khan, alias Chanda Sahib as the rightful Nawab of the Carnatic against Muhammad Anwaruddin, who was supported by the British.

As the British and the French supported their respective candidates for the Nawabship, they took sides in the case of the successors of the Nizam also. After the death of the Nizam in 1748, there arose a rivalry between Nasir Jung, the second son of Nizam-ul-Mulk and Muzaffar Jang, the grandson of Nizam-ul-Mulk. Muzaffar Jang came to the South with a strong force and allied himself with Chanda Sahib and the French. The ageing Nawab Muhammad Anwaruddin, supported by the English, met the French army at Ambur in August 1749 and was killed in the battle. He was mentioned as the oldest soldier to die on battlefield till date in Ripley's believe it or not" (at age of 77).Ripley has mentioned cause of his death as gunshot wounds but that has not been independently verified.

See also

  • Nawabs of Arcot
Preceded by
Muhammed Saadatullah Khan II
Nawab of Carnatic

1744 – 31 July 1749
Succeeded by
Chanda Sahib
(Recognised by the French)
Nawab of Carnatic

1744 – 31 July 1749
Succeeded by
Muhammed Ali Khan Wallajah
(Recognised by the British)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Muhammed Saadatullah Khan II — Muhammad Sa id Sa adatullah Khan II was Sahib Zada (heir apparent) of Safdar Ali Khan, Nawab of Arcot. After the assassination of Safdar Ali Khan in 1742, Murtaza Ali claimed for himself the Nawabship of the Arcot (Carnatic), Chanda Sahib who was …   Wikipedia

  • Muhammed Ali Khan Wallajah — For other people named Muhammad Ali, see Muhammad Ali (disambiguation). Muhammed Ali Khan Wallajah the Nawab of the Carnatic …   Wikipedia

  • Muhammed Yusuf Khan — For other people of the same name, see Yousaf Khan (disambiguation). Muhammad Yusuf Khan (1725– 15 October 1764) or Maruthanayagam (Marudhanayagam) Pillai was born in Pannaiyur, Ramanathapuram District, Tamil Nadu, India in 1725. From humble… …   Wikipedia

  • Mohamed Ali Khan Walajan — (7 July 1723 13 October 1795) was the Nawab of Arcot in India and an ally of the British East India Company.Muhammad Ali was born to Anwaruddin Muhammed Khan, by his second wife, Nawab Fakhr un nisa Begum Sahiba, a niece of Sayyid Ali Khan Safawi …   Wikipedia

  • Chanda Shahib — (died 1752) was the Nawab of the Carnatic between 1749 and 1752. His birth name is Husayn Dost Khan. He was the son in law of the Nawab of Carnatic Dost Ali Khan, under whom he worked as a Dewan. He came from the Nait community which had ruled… …   Wikipedia

  • Chanda Sahib — (died 1752) was the Nawab of the Carnatic between 1749 and 1752. His birth name is Husayn Dost Khan. He was the son in law of the Nawab of Carnatic Dost Ali Khan, under whom he worked as a Dewan. He belonged the Muslim Nait community which had… …   Wikipedia

  • Nawab of the Carnatic — Emblem of the Nawab of the Carnatic …   Wikipedia

  • Nawab — This article is about a nobiliary title. For the Nawab butterfly, see Polyura. Naib redirects here. For other uses, see Naib (disambiguation). Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, meeting with Nawab Mir Jafar after Plassey, by Francis Hayman. A Nawab… …   Wikipedia

  • War of the Austrian Succession — The Battle of Fontenoy by Édouard Detaille. Oil on canvas …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Joseph Patissier de Bussy-Castelnau — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bussy. Charles Joseph Patissier de Bussy Marquis de Castelnau …   Wikipédia en Français