Acarnania


Acarnania

Acarnania is a region of west-central Greece that lies along the Ionian Sea, west of Aetolia, with the Achelous River for a boundary, and north of the gulf of Calydon, which is the entrance to the Gulf of Corinth. Today it forms the western part of the prefecture of Aetolia-Acarnania. The capital and principal city in ancient times was Stratos.

Acarnania's foundation was traditionally ascribed to Acarnan, son of Alcmaeon.

History

Classical

There is some evidence the region was used by Phoenician sailors for shelter on their journeys west, but there is otherwise little to indicate any large scale prehistorical settlement. In 7th century BC, Greek influence in the region becomes prominent when Corinth settled Anactorium, Sollium and Leucas, and Kefalonia settled Astacus. Settlements in Alyzeia, Coronta, Limnaea, Medion, Oeniadae, Palaerus, Phytia and Stratus are also mentioned by Thucydides, this latter city being the seat of a loose confederation of Acarnanian powers that was maintained until the late 1st century BC.

Because it is located strategically on the maritime route to Italy, Acarnania was enmired in many wars. In 5th century BC, the Corinthians were forced out of their Acarnanian settlements by Athens. In 4th century BC, c. 390 BC, the cities of Acarnania surrendered to the Spartans under King Agesilaus, and continued to be Spartan allies until joining the Second Athenian Empire in 375 BC. The Acarnanians later sided with Boeotia in their fight against Sparta, and with Athens against Philip II of Macedon at Chaeronea.

Acarnania thereafter came under Macedonian rule. In 314 BC, at the behest of Macedonian king Cassander, the settlements of Acarnania lying near the Aetolian border were conglomerated into fewer, larger settlements. Still, border conflicts with the Aetolians were frequent, and led to Acarnania's territory being partitioned between Aetolia and Epirus, c. 250 BC. After the fall of the king of Epirus, the Acarnanian territory that had been given to Epirus regained its independence, and gained Leucas from Epirus, which became the capital of the region.

Acarnania allied itself with Philip V of Macedon against Rome in 200 BC, although it lost Leucas because of this, and the city of Thyrreion was anointed the new capital.

In the 1st century BC, Acarnania suffered greatly at the hands of pirates, and in Rome's civil wars. Afterwards, the towns and settlements of Acarnania fell under the rule of Nicopolis.

Modern

When the Byzantine Empire broke up (1204), Acarnania passed to the Despotate of Epirus and in 1480 to the Ottoman Empire. Since 1832 it has been part of Greece.

Geography

Acarnania is composed of three main regions: 1) a rocky coastline, 2) a rugged strip of mountain range that follows the coastline, and 3) plains lying between these mountains and the Achelous River.

List of Acarnanians

*Carnus, seer of Apollo.He established the cult of Apollo Carneus among the Dorians. See Carnea spartan festival
*Amphilytus, seer of Peisistratos (Athens)
*Megistias, seer at the battle of Thermopylae
*Lysimachus of Acarnania one of the tutors of Alexander the Great [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/1978.html] , (as distinct from the Macedonian general Lysimachus)
*Philip of Acarnania, one of the physicians of Alexander the Great [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/wcd/Philip,_physician_to_Alexander_the_Great]
*Machatas,sculptor (possible Acarnanian,inscriptions with his names have been found in Anaktorio)
*Aristomenes of Acarnania, guardian and regent of Ptolemy III Euergetes
*Alexander of Acarnania, general of Antiochus the Great

ources

*cite encyclopedia
last = Hornblower
first = Simon
authorlink =
title = Acarnania
encyclopedia = The Oxford Classical Dictionary
volume =
pages = 2-3
publisher = Oxford University Press
location = Oxford
date = 1996
url =
accessdate =

ee also

List of traditional Greek place names.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Acarnania — constituye la franja costera occidental de la unidad periférica de Etolia Acarnania. Acarnania (en griego moderno, Ακαρνανία Akarnanía ) es una región de Grecia central occidental que se extiende a lo largo del mar Jónico, al oeste de Etolia, con …   Wikipedia Español

  • Acarnania — Acarnania, Etolia y ► Ant. comarca de Grecia en la región NO, con costas en el mar Jónico, entre el golfo de Artá y el Aqueloo. * * * Distrito de la Grecia antigua, limitado por el mar Jónico, el golfo de Ambracia y el río Aqueloos. Asentado… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ACARNANIA — quae antea Curetis appellata fuit, testibus Pausaniâ et Pliniô l. 4. c. 1. regiuncula et pars Epiri est, mersa medio sinu Ambracio. Plin. l. 2. c. 90. In hâc est oppid. Leucas. Mar. Niger scribit, hodie hanc Despotato vulgo dici. Hanc autem… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Acarnania — [ak΄ər nā′nē ə] region on the W coast of ancient Greece …   English World dictionary

  • Acarnania — Acarnanian, adj., n. /ak euhr nay nee euh, nayn yeuh/, n. a coastal region of the W central part of ancient Greece: now part of the province of Aetolia and Acarnania in modern Greece. Modern Greek, Akarnanía. * * * District, ancient Greece,… …   Universalium

  • Acarnania — Acarnanian, adj., n. /ak euhr nay nee euh, nayn yeuh/, n. a coastal region of the W central part of ancient Greece: now part of the province of Aetolia and Acarnania in modern Greece. Modern Greek, Akarnanía …   Useful english dictionary

  • Acarnania — geographical name region W Greece on Ionian Sea • Acarnanian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Acarnania —    regione storica della Grecia, fra il Mar Jonio, il golfo di Patrasso ed il fiume Acheloo che la divideva dall Etolia. Fu dapprima territorio spartano, poi macedone. Nel 314 a.C. si ricostituì, sotto il controllo macedone, in Stato federale. Fu …   Dizionario dei miti e dei personaggi della Grecia antica

  • Acarnania — Ac•ar•na•ni•a [[t]ˌæk ərˈneɪ ni ə, ˈneɪn yə[/t]] n. geg anh a coastal region in W central Greece, on the Ionian Sea Ac ar•na′ni•an, adj. n …   From formal English to slang

  • Acarnania — /akaˈnaniə/ (say ahkah nahneeuh), / jə/ (say yuh) noun a district of north western Greece, on the Ionian Sea …   Australian English dictionary


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