List of Chinese martial arts

List of Chinese martial arts

Chinese martial artsThe hundreds of different styles and schools of Chinese martial arts (中國武術) are collectively called Kung Fu (功夫), Wushu (武術), Kuoshu (國術), or Ch'uan Fa (拳法), depending on the persons or groups doing so. The following list is by no means exhaustive.

Alphabetical listing

* Bafaquan (八法拳) - Eight Methods
* Baguazhang (八卦掌; Bagua Zhang) - Eight Trigrams Palm
* Bajiquan (八極拳) - Eight Extremes Fist
* Bak Mei (白眉拳) - White Eyebrow
* Black Tiger Kung Fu (黑虎拳)
* Chaquan (查拳) - Cha Fist
* Changquan (長拳) - Long Fist
* Chuo Jiao (戳腳) - Poking Feet
* Choy Gar (蔡家) - also known as Rat Kung Fu
* Choi Lei Fut (蔡李佛; Càilǐfó)
* Dachengquan (大成拳) - Great Achievement Boxing (Yiquan)
* Ditangquan (地躺拳) - Ground-Prone Fist, Ground Tumbling Boxing
* Do Pi Kung Fu (道派)
* Dragon Kung Fu (Lung Ying) (龍形拳)
* Duan Quan (短拳) - Short Range Boxing
* Emeiquan (峨嵋拳, O Mei Ch'uan)
* Fanziquan (翻子拳) - Overturning Fist, Tumbling Boxing
* Five Ancestors (五祖拳) - Wuzuquan or Ngo Cho Kun
* Five Animals (五形)
* Fujian White Crane (白鶴拳)
* Fu Jow Pai (虎爪派) - Tiger Claw System (also titled Black Tiger Kung Fu or Hark Fu Moon)
* Fut Gar (佛家)- Buddhist Palm
* Gouquan (狗拳) - Dog Fist
* Hakka Kuen (客家拳)
* Hong Cha
* Hop Gar (俠家)
* Houquan (猴拳) - Monkey Fist
** Drunken Monkey (醉猴)
* Heihuquan: see Black Tiger Kung Fu (黑虎拳)
* Hsing-i Ch'uan: see Xingyiquan (形意拳)
* Huaquan (華拳) - China Fist
* Hung Fut (洪佛) - Hung and Buddha style kung fu
* Hung Gar (洪家拳; also known as Hung Ga or Hung Kuen) - Shaolin Style and ancestor to many southern styles
* I Liq Chuan (意力拳) - Mind-Body Art, founded by Chin Lik Keong of Malaysia
* Jeet Kune Do (截拳道) - Way of The Intercepting Fist
* Jing Wu Men (精武門) - Jing Wu, a famous school founded in Shanghai that teaches several different styles.
* Jing Quan Do (精拳道) - a modern synthetic style
* Jow-Ga Kung Fu (周家) - Jow family style
* Kuntao (拳道 or 拳頭) - Way of the Fist, a Hokkien term referring to Chinese martial arts practiced in Southeast Asia and in Indonesia in particular
* Lau Gar (刘家) - Lau family style
** Lai-Ga-Sau - A recently created separate branch based in the United Kingdom
* Lai Tung Pai- Shaolin Style that mixes long and short fist
* Lama Pai (喇嘛派)
* Leopard Kung Fu (豹拳)
* Li (Lee) Family (李家) - Li Family or Lee Family style
* Liu Seong Kuntao (also Liu Seong Gung Fu, Liu Seong Chuan Fa) - A Chinese art with Indonesian influence, practiced primarily in the United States
* Liuhebafa Chuan (六合八法; Liu He Pa Fa, Lok Hup Ba Fa) - Six Harmonies, Eight Methods or Water Boxing
* Luohan Quan (羅漢拳) Arhat Boxing, Law Horn Kuen
* Mei Hua Quan (梅花拳 Plum Blossom Fist)
* Mian Quan (棉花拳擊 Cotton Boxing)
* Mizongyi (迷蹤拳; Mízōngquán) - Lost Track Fist (also known as My Jong Law Horn; 迷蹤羅漢拳)
* Mok Gar (莫家拳) Mok family style
* Monkey Kung Fu see Houquan
* Nam Pai Chuan (南北拳) - North South Fist
* Nan Quan (南拳) - Southern Fist
* Northern Praying Mantis (北派螳螂拳)
* Northern Shaolin (北少林) - Bak Sil Lum
* Pai lum (白龍) - White Dragon, Pai Family Method, a modern style based on Kenpo with Chinese influences found mainly in the US and Canada
* Paochui (炮捶) - Cannon Fist, Sanhaung Paochui
* Piguaquan (劈掛拳) - Chop-Hitch Fist, Axe-hitch boxing
* Praying Mantis: see either Northern or Southern Praying Mantis
* Sanda (散打) or Sanshou (散手) - Free Fighting
* San Soo (散手)
* Shaolin Nam Pai Chuan (少林南派拳) - Southern Shaolin Boxing
* Shaolin Quan (少林拳)
* Shequan (蛇拳) - Snake Fist
* Shuai Chiao (摔跤; Shuaijiao) - Chinese Wrestling
* Southern Praying Mantis (南派螳螂拳)
**Chow Gar (周家)- Chow Style Southern Praying Mantis
* Tai Chi Chuan (太極拳 Tai Chi Chuan, Taijiquan) - Supreme Ultimate Boxing
**Chen style tai chi chuan
**Yang style tai chi chuan
**Wu/Hao style tai chi chuan
**Wu style tai chi chuan
**Sun style tai chi chuan
* Tantui (彈腿/譚腿) - Spring Leg style
* Tibetan White Crane (白鶴派)
* T'ien Shan Pai (天山派)
* Tongbeiquan (通背拳) - Through-the-Back Fist
* White Crane: see either Fujian White Crane or Tibetan White Crane
* Wing Chun (詠春 or 永春) - See also Wing Tsun
* Wudangquan (武當拳)
* Wu Wei Gung Fu (無為功夫)- "The Spontaneous Movement of the Gung Fu". A modern composite style containing elements of Jeet Kune Do, Wing Chun and other martial arts
* Xingyiquan (形意拳; Hsing-i Chuan) - Form-Intent Fist
* Yau Kung Mun (软功門) - Flexible-Power Style
* Yingzhaoquan (鷹爪拳) - Eagle Claw Fist
* Yuejiaquan (岳家槍) - Yue family Fist/Boxing
* Yiquan (意拳; I Ch'uan) - Mind Boxing
* Zhuan Shu Kuan - A modern composite style containing elements of Tae Kwon Do, Muay Thai and Changquan. It is based in the United Kingdom
* Zi Ran Men (自然门) - Natural Boxing or "fist of nature"

General terms

* Chi Gerk (黐腳) - Term used for sticky legs sensitivity training most notably used in Wing Chun. Similar concepts are also practiced in Hung Gar and other Chinese martial arts
* Chi Sao (黐手) - Term used for sticky arm sensitivity training most notably used in Wing Chun. Similar concepts are also practiced in Hung Gar and other Chinese martial arts
* Zui Quan (醉拳) "Drunken Fist" - Term used for "drunken" techniques in many styles of Chinese Martial Arts
* Dim Mak (點脈) - General term for point striking
* Iron Palm (Chinese: ; Cantonese: tit1 zoeng2 gung1) is a body of training techniques in various Chinese martial arts.
* Iron Shirt (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: tiě shān; Cantonese: tit1 saam3) is a form of hard style martial art exercise for protecting the human body from impacts in a fight.
* Lei Tai {擂台; Lèi tái) - Full Contact competition platform used in Chinese Martial Arts.
* Qinna (擒拿; Chin Na) - General term for joint locks
* Sanshou (散手) - General term for sparring methods, but also another name for the sport, San da (散打)
* Tuishou (推手) - Term used for the "push hands" partner exercises used in the Neijia arts.

Internal and external styles

Chinese martial arts may be divided into Neijia (內家, "internal family") or wàijiā (外家, "external family") styles.

Many styles combine both internal and external techniques; Chow Gar is a good example of this.

There is an ongoing debate within the martial arts community at both the popular and scholarly level over the distinction between "internal" and "external" arts. Consequently, the list of styles considered internal or external may vary greatly from source to source. There are only three Chinese styles that are universally recognized as internal, and they are sometimes referred to as the "Orthodox internal styles." These three styles are Xingyiquan, Baguazhang, and Tai Chi Chuan, the three arts counted as internal and set apart by Sun Lutang, who greatly popularized the terms "nèijiā" and "wàijiā" as a method of classifying martial arts.

tyles often considered internal styles

* Baguazhang (八卦掌 Pa Kua Chang) - Eight Trigrams Palm
* Liuhebafa Chuan (六合八法 Liu He Pa Fa, Lok Hup Ba Fa) - Water Boxing
* Tai Chi Chuan (太極拳 Tai Chi Chuan, Taijiquan) - Ultimate Supreme Fist
* Xingyiquan (形意拳 Hsing-i Chuan) - Shape-Intent Fist
* Yiquan (意拳 I Chuan) - Mind Boxing

ee also

* List of martial arts (for martial arts from other countries)

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