Park and ride


Park and ride

Park and ride (or incentive parking) facilities are public transport stations that allow commuters and other people wishing to travel into city centres to leave their personal vehicles in a car park and transfer to a bus, rail system (rapid transit, light rail or commuter rail) or carpool for the rest of their trip. The vehicle is stored in the car park during the day and retrieved when the commuter returns. Park and rides are generally located in the suburbs of metropolitan areas or on the outer edges of large cities.

Benefits

Park and ride schemes are often marketed as a way to avoid the difficulties and cost of parking within the city centre. Park and ride lots allow commuters to avoid the stress of driving a congested part their journey and/or facing scarce, expensive city centre parking. It is hoped that the lots will reduce both of these problems by making it easier for people to take the bus or train into town. Sometimes, even these lots become too busy, and people sometimes organise to carpool to the station to combat crowding.

Bus park and rides

Park and Ride facilities, with dedicated car parks and bus services, started in the 1960s. Oxford operated the first such scheme in the UK, initially with an experimental service operating part-time from a motel on the A34 in the 1960s and then on a full-time basis from 1973. Oxford now operates Park and Ride from 5 dedicated car parks around the city [ [http://www.oxfordbus.co.uk/content/doc/cms/companyhistory.pdf Oxford Bus Company history] ] . As of 2005, Norwich has the biggest Park & Ride in the UK, operating from six separate sites around the city. [cite press release
title = Coming soon - new look Norwich Park & Ride
publisher = Norfolk County Council
date = 2005-04-04
url = http://www.norfolk.gov.uk/consumption/idcplg?IdcService=SS_GET_PAGE&ssDocName=NCC037377&ssSourceNodeId=&ssTargetNodeId=3019
accessdate = 2007-11-01
]

In Sweden, a tax has been introduced on the benefit of free or cheap parking paid by an employer. This tax has reduced the number of workers driving into the inner city, and increased the usage of park and ride areas, especially in Stockholm.Fact|date=May 2008

Park and rides are ideally suited for alternative fuel vehicles, which often have reduced range. In addition, some transit operators use park and ride facilities to encourage more efficient driving practices by reserving parking spaces for low emission designs, high occupancy vehicles, or carsharing.

Railway park and rides

Some railway stations are promoted as a park and ride facility for a distant town, for instance Liskeard railway station for Looe, and Lelant Saltings railway station for St Ives, both in Cornwall, England. These train services are generally less frequent than would be expected of a park and ride bus service. Train stations in the UK that are situated outside of the main urban area are often suffixed with "parkway", such as Bristol Parkway, Tiverton Parkway, and Didcot Parkway. At Luton Airport Parkway and Southampton Airport Parkway, the stations are located to serve air as well as road passengers.

In the United States, it is common for outlying rail stations to include automobile parking, often hundreds of spaces. Boston, for example, has built several large parking facilities at its commuter rail and metro stations near major highways and large arterial surface roads around the periphery of the city: Alewife, Braintree, Forest Hills, Hyde Park, Quincy Adams, Riverside, Route 128, Wellington, Woburn. The local transit operator, the MBTA, has almost 46,000 park and ride spaces.

Kiss and ride

Many train stations and airports feature an area in which cars can discharge and pick up passengers. These "kiss and ride" facilities allow drivers to stop and park temporarily, instead of the longer-term parking associated with "park and ride" facilities.

Some high-speed railway stations in Taiwan have signs outside stations reading "Kiss and Ride" in English, with Chinese characters above the words that read "temporary pick up and drop off zone". Most people in Taiwan have no idea what the colloquialism means. [cite news
title = "Kiss and ride" signs stump Taiwan rail passengers
publisher = Reuters
date = 2007-02-05
url = http://uk.reuters.com/article/oddlyEnoughNews/idUKTP26246820070205
accessdate = 2007-09-27
]

The term first appeared in a January 20, 1956, Associated Press report published in the "Los Angeles Times". Fact|date=June 2007

Car-share park and rides

Park and ride schemes do not necessarily involve public transport. They can be provided as a means of promoting car sharing. Partly because of the concentration of risers, and thus a reduced number of vehicles, these park and ride terminals often have express transit services into the urban area, such as a high-occupancy vehicle lane. The service may only take passengers in one direction in the morning (typically toward a central business district) and in the opposite direction in the evening, with no or a limited number of trips available in the middle of the day. It is often not allowed to park at these locations overnight. Overall, these attributes vary from region to region.

ee also

* List of Agence métropolitaine de transport park and ride lots
* Park and ride bus services in the United Kingdom

References

External links

* [http://www.parkandride.net/index.shtml Park and Ride directory - UK]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • park and ride — UK US noun [uncountable] a transport system in which drivers leave their cars in a place outside a town and travel by train or bus into the town Thesaurus: car parking and parking controlhyponym * * * noun [noncount] : a system in which you drive …   Useful english dictionary

  • Park and Ride — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Park and Ride en Oxford (Gran Bretaña) …   Wikipedia Español

  • park and ride — n [U] a system in which you leave your car outside a busy town and then take a special bus to the centre of the town …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • park and ride — noun uncount a transportation system in which drivers leave their cars in a place outside a town and travel by train or bus into the town …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Park-and-Ride — Darstellung einer öffentlichen Verkehrslinie mit P+R Verknüpfungspunkt Park and Ride (auch Park und Ride, von Englisch to park, abstellen, parken und to ride, fahren, oft auch Parken und Reisen genannt) bezeichnet ein Prinzip der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Park-and-ride — Darstellung einer öffentlichen Verkehrslinie mit P+R Verknüpfungspunkt Park and Ride (auch Park und Ride, von Englisch to park, abstellen, parken und to ride, fahren, oft auch Parken und Reisen genannt) bezeichnet ein Prinzip der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Park and Ride — Darstellung einer öffentlichen Verkehrslinie mit P+R Verknüpfungspunkt Park and Ride (auch Park und Ride, von Englisch to park, abstellen, parken und to ride, fahren, oft auch Parken und Reisen genannt) bezeichnet ein Prinzip der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Park and ride — ehemaliges Zeichen 316 „Parken und Reisen“ der StVO …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • park-and-ride — /pahrk euhn ruyd /, n. 1. a municipal system that provides free parking for suburban commuters at an outlying terminus of a bus or rail line. adj. 2. of or pertaining to such a system: park and ride lots. [1965 70] * * * …   Universalium

  • park and ride — noun Park and ride is used before these nouns: ↑site …   Collocations dictionary


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