Duke of Swabia

Duke of Swabia

The following is a list of Dukes of Swabia in southwest Germany.

Swabia was one of the five stem duchies of the medieval German kingdom, and its dukes were thus among the most powerful magnates of Germany. The most notable family to hold Swabia were the Hohenstaufen, who held it, with a brief interruption, from 1079 until 1268. For much of this period, the Hohenstaufen were also Holy Roman Emperors. With the death of Conradin, the last Hohenstaufen duke, the duchy itself disintegrated, although King Rudolf I attempted to revive it for his Habsburg family in the late-13th century.


Dukes of Alamannia (506-911)

Merovingian dukes


Dukes of Swabia (911-1268)

Miscellaneous houses

  • Erchanger (915–917, Ahalolfinger)
  • Burchard II (917–926, Hunfriding)
  • Hermann I (926–949, Conradine)
  • Liudolf (950–954, Ottonian)
  • Burchard III (954–973, Hunfriding)
  • Otto I (973–982, Ottonian)


  • Conrad I (982–997)
  • Hermann II (997–1003)
  • Hermann III (1003–12)

House of Babenberg

Miscellaneous houses

House of Hohenstaufen

House of Guelph

Hohenstaufen restored

House of Habsburg (1289-1313)

  • Rudolf II (1289–90)
  • John (1290–1313)

Successor states

In the 13th century, the Duchy of Swabia disintegrated into numerous smaller states. Some of the more important immediate successor states were:

  • Bishopric of Augsburg
  • Bishopric of Chur
  • Bishopric of Constance
  • Bishopric of Strasbourg
  • Duchy of Teck (to Württemberg)
  • Margraviate of Burgau (to Austria)
  • Margraviate of Hochberg
  • Landgraviate of Klettgau
  • Landgraviate of Lower Alsace
  • Landgraviate of Sundgau (to Austria)
  • Landgraviate of Thurgau (to Austria)
  • County Palatine of Tübingen (to Württemberg)
  • Abbacy of Disentis
  • Abbacy of Murbach
  • Abbacy of St. Blaise
  • Abbacy of St. Gall
  • County of Bregenz (to Austria)
  • County of Freiburg (to Austria)
  • County of Fürstenberg
  • County of Giengen
  • County of Heiligenberg
  • County of Hohenberg (to Austria)
  • County of Kirchberg
  • County of Marstetten
  • County of Nellenburg
  • County of Oettingen
  • County of Pfirt (to Austria)
  • County of Sulz (to Württemberg)
  • County of Werdenberg
  • County of Württemberg
  • County of Zollern

During the following century, several of these states were acquired by the County of Württemberg or the Duchy of Austria, as marked above.

See also

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