- Saitama, Saitama
Name = Saitama
JapaneseName = さいたま市
Region = Kantō
Area_km2 = 217.49
Population = 1,182,115
Density_km2 = 5435
July 1, 2006
LatitudeDegrees = 35
LatitudeMinutes = 52
LongtitudeDegrees = 139
LongtitudeMinutes = 39
SymbolDescription = Flag
CityHallPostalCode = 330-9588
CityHallAddress = Saitama-shi, Urawa-ku
CityHallPhone = +81-48-829-1111
CityHallLink = [http://www.city.saitama.jp/en/index.html Saitama City]
nihongo|Saitama|さいたま市|Saitama-shi is the capital and the most populous city of
Saitama Prefecturein Japan, situated in the south-east of the prefecture. Its area incorporates the former cities of Urawa, Ōmiya, Yono and Iwatsuki. It is a city designated by government ordinance. Being in the Greater Tokyo Areaand lying 15 - 30 kilometres north of central Tokyo, many of its residents commute into Tokyo.
The city is located 20 to 30 km north of central Tokyo, roughly at the center of the
Kantō Plain. Within Saitama Prefecture, the location corresponds to the southeastern portion bordered by Ageo City, Hasuda City, and Shiraoka Town to the north; Asaka City, Kawaguchi City, Toda City, and Warabi City to the south; Koshigaya City to the east; Kasukabe City to the northeast; and Kawagoe City, Shiki City, and Fujimi City to the west.
Situated within the Kantō Plain, the city is topographically comprised by lowlands and plateaus, mostly falling below 20 m above sea level, with no mountain ranges or hills within the city boundaries. The western portion of the city lies on the lowland created by the
Arakawa Riveralong with those created by small rivers such as the Moto-Arakawa River, Shiba River, and Ayase River. The rest of the area mostly resides on the Ōmiya Plateaulying in the north-south direction. Dispersed in this region, major rivers flow southward, almost paralleling to one another. [ [ http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%81%95%E3%81%84%E3%81%9F%E3%81%BE%E5%B8%82#.E5.9C.B0.E7.90.86] ]
Saitama has ten wards ("ku"), which were assigned official colours as of April 2005:
The economy of the city is basically as one of the commercial centres in the Greater Tokyo Area and as a business centre to serve Saitama Prefecture, North Kantō or northeast Honshū.
Agriculture there is to supply foods for the residents of Greater Tokyo.
Manufacturing includes automotive, food, optical, precision and pharmaceutical products. Iwatsuki is famous for manufacturing of
hinamatsuridolls and ornate kabuto( samuraihelmets). Biotechnologyis an important industry in the city.
Saitama is a regional
transportation hubfor both passengers and freight.
Ōmiya Station, part of the
Shinkansenhigh-speed train network, serves as the biggest railway hub in the prefecture. The Musashino and Saitama Railway lines offer connections at other stations. The Shuto, Tokyo Gaikan and Tōhoku expressways serve the city. National Highway Routes 16, 17, 122, 298 and 463 also serve the city.
The closest major airports are Haneda Airport and
Narita International Airport, both about two hours away [ [http://5931bus.com/kosoku/haneda.html Haneda bus] and [http://www.chiba-bus.jp/onliner.html Narita bus] ] . Honda Airportin Okegawa is for general aviationand offers no scheduled transport services. Commuter helicopter flights to Narita Airport are offered from Kawajima [http://www.heli-express.com/index.html?lan=en] .
Politics and Government
Saitama mayoral election, 2005
Nihon UniversityFaculty of Law
Open University of JapanOmiya Study Center
Shibaura Institute of Technology
University of Human Arts and Sciences
Kokusai Gakuin Saitama Junior College
* Urawa University Junior College
* Urawa High School
* Urawanishi High School
Professional Graduate School
Omiya Law School
Saitama is home to two
J. League football (soccer)teams: the popular Urawa Red Diamonds, formerly owned by Mitsubishi, and Omiya Ardija, formerly owned by NTT.
The city and Tokorozawa are home to the Japan Professional
BasketballLeague team the Saitama Broncos.
Most of Saitama Prefecture's mass media presence is concentrated in this city. See
Mass media in Saitama Prefecturefor details.
The city was founded on
May 1, 2001, and was designated on April 1, 2003as a government ordinance. For the histories of Urawa, Ōmiya and Yono before the merger, see Urawa-ku, Saitama#History, Ōmiya-ku, Saitama#Historyand Yono, Saitama#History, respectively.
Origin of the name "Saitama"
The name "Saitama" originally comes from the Sakitama (埼玉郡) district of what is now the city of Gyōda in the northern part of what is now known as Saitama Prefecture. "Sakitama" has an ancient history and is mentioned in the famous 8th century poetry anthology
Man'yōshū. The pronunciation has changed from Sakitama to Saitama over the years.
With the merger of Urawa, Ōmiya, and Yono it was decided that a new name, one fitting for this newly-created prefectural capital, was needed. The prefectural name "Saitama" (埼玉県) was changed from
kanjiinto hiragana, thus Saitama City (さいたま市) was born. It is the only prefectural capital in Japan whose name is always written in hiragana, and belongs to the list of hiragana cities.
However, Saitama written in hiragana (さいたま市) actually finished in second place in public polling to Saitama written in kanji (埼玉市). Despite this, government officials decided to name the new city Saitama in hiragana, not kanji. In third place in the poll was Ōmiya (大宮市). In fourth was Saitama (彩玉市), written with an alternative kanji for "sai" (彩) which means "colorful". The "sai" (埼) used in the prefectural name is a rare form of a common character (崎) that means cape or promontory.
Saitama has six sister cities.
Zhengzhou, China (1981)
Virginia, United States(1994)
British Columbia, Canada(1996)
Pennsylvania, United States(1998)
* Akigase Park
* Besshonuma Park
John Lennon Museum
* Railway Museum
* Sonic City
Saitama Stadium 2002
Saitama Super Arena
* [http://www.city.saitama.jp/ Official website] in Japanese
* [http://www.city.saitama.jp/en/ Official website] in English
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Look at other dictionaries:
Saitama — shi さいたま市 Geographische Lage in Japan … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Saitama — shi (さいたま市) Shintoshin : le nouveau centre de Saitama Administration Pays Japon Région Kantō Préfecture … Wikipédia en Français
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Saitama Stadium 2002 — Saitama Stadium Saitama Stadium 2002 Saisuta Adresse 500 Nakanoda Midori ku Saitama, Japon Début construction 9 mai … Wikipédia en Français
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Saitama super arena — Adresse Chūō ku, Saitama Ouverture 1er septembre 2000 … Wikipédia en Français
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