London United Tramways


London United Tramways

London United Tramways Company Limited was an operator of trams and trolleybuses in the western and southern suburbs of London, UK, from 1894 to 1933, when it passed to the London Passenger Transport Board. The company was formed in 1894 by the Imperial Tramways Company under the leadership of George White and Clifton Robinson to take over the assets of the West Metropolitan Tramways Company, which had gone into receivership and had operated a horse-drawn tram service from Shepherd's Bush to Acton and Chiswick, and from Hammersmith to the north side of Kew Bridge via Chiswick. A short route ran from the south side of Kew Bridge to Richmond.

Electrification

LUT relaid the existing track, which was in a poor state of repair, and extended and electrified the system. Electric trams first ran on three routes on April 4, 1901 between Hammersmith and Kew Bridge, between Shepherd's Bush and Kew Bridge (via Chiswick), and between Shepherd's Bush and Acton, London's first electric tram service.

Richmond Branch

Trams never ran across Kew Bridge - the second (stone) bridge, built in the 1780s, was far too narrow, and very steep on the approach from Brentford - which meant that there was an isolated length of single track of 1.53 miles, with passing loops, from the south side of the bridge, across Kew Green, then south along the Kew Road to the Orange Tree public house coord|51.464228|-0.301534|region:GB_type:landmark_scale:2000_source:wikimapia in Richmond.

LUT made repeated attempts to cross Kew Bridge after it was rebuilt in 1903 but these continued to be resisted by the Richmond Corporation Tramways Committee. Kew Road residents opposed two attempts in 1897 & 1898 to install a second track - which would have necessitated road widening - and any subsequent electrification using unsightly overhead wires seemed out of the question, locals favouring the underground conduit system. Kew Obsevatory had concerns about the introduction of electric trams.

So whilet the rest of London went electric, this little branch continued to use horse-drawn cars until well into the twentieth century - the interiors had red velvet seat cushions and were described as "comfortable, if not luxurious", and ran every quarter hour (the full "end to end" journey costing 2d) - until April 20, 1912 after which it was replaced by part of a London General (LGOC) motor-bus route.

Richmond's tram-shed still exists as the former Shaftesbury Centre in Kew Road just north of the A316.

Extensions to the system

*1901: Chiswick to Brentford and Hounslow, Acton to Ealing, Southall and Uxbridge
*1902: Hounslow to Hounslow Heath, Brentford to Richmond and Twickenham.
*1903: Twickenham to Hampton, Hampton Court Richmond Bridge and Teddington.
*1906: Richmond Bridge to Ham Common, Long Ditton, Malden, Richmond Park Gates, Surbiton and Tolworth.
*1907: Malden to Raynes Park and Wimbledon.

The LUT system was connected to the London County Council tram network at Hammersmith in 1908, Tooting in 1922 and Wandsworth in 1931; and to the Metropolitan Electric Tramways (MET) at Acton in 1909.

The LUT Company

The company's headquarters, depot and power station were in Chiswick. On January 1, 1913, LUT became a subsidiary of the London and Suburban Traction Company (LSTC), jointly owned by the Underground Group and British Electric Traction. LSTC also owned the other two tramway companies in the London area, Metropolitan Electric Tramways and South Metropolitan Electric Tramways.

In 1930 had the London United Tramways Act passed. This gave it powers to replace trams with trolleybuses. London's first trolleybus service started on LUT's Twickenham to Teddington section on May 16, 1931.

On takeover by the LPTB on July 1, 1933, London United had approximately 29 miles of tram track, 18 of trolleybus route.

Full Circle

The London United name was revived with the creation of London United Busways in 1989 as part of the break-up of London Buses Limited into separate companies (in preparation for privatisation). The London United logo was replaced on vehicles with the Transdev banner by September 2006.

ee also

* Fulwell Tram Depot
* Fulwell Tram Depot - now Transdev's Fulwell Bus Garage (FW)
* Chiswick Tram Depot - now Stamford Brook Bus Garage (V)

ources

"London's Trams and Trolleybuses", John R. Day, published by London Transport in 1979

"The History of British Bus Services", Second Edition, John Hibbs, Newton Abbot, 1979

"The London United Tramways - Origins to 1912", Volume One, C.S. Smeeton, LRTA & TLRS, 1994

"A Scientific Workshop Threatened by Applied Science: Kew Observatory to Be Removed Owing To The Disturbance Caused by Electric Traction", The Illustrated London News, August 8 1903

External links

LUT Car 135 at Shepherd's Bush [http://www.tramways.freeserve.co.uk/Cards/Postc30.htm]

West Metropolitan Tramways at Kew [http://www.tramways.freeserve.co.uk/Cards/Postc31.htm]

London's Transport History 1901-1913, LT Museum [http://www.ltmuseum.co.uk/learning/online_resources/ecobus_omnibus/pg/1901a.htm]

History of LUT Fulwell Depot (Twickenham Museum website) [http://www.twickenham-museum.org.uk/detail.asp?ContentID=302]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • London County Council Tramways — The London County Council Tramways was an extensive network of public street tramways that was operated by the council throughout the County of London, UK, from 1899 to 1933, when they were taken over by the London Passenger Transport Board.… …   Wikipedia

  • London Passenger Transport Board — The London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB), commonly known as London Transport, was the organisation responsible for transport in London, UK, and its environs from 1933 to 1948.It was set up by the London Passenger Transport Act 1933 enacted on… …   Wikipedia

  • London Passenger Transport Board — Der London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB) war eine öffentlich rechtliche Verkehrsbehörde, die von 1933 bis 1948 für den öffentlichen Personennahverkehr in London und Umgebung zuständig war. Zuvor hatte es keine übergeordnete Koordination der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • London Electric Railway Company — Die Underground Electric Railways Company (UERL, auch Underground Group genannt) war die Holdinggesellschaft für drei U Bahnlinien, die in London im ersten Jahrzehnt des 20. Jahrhunderts entstanden. Sie wurde 1902 durch den amerikanischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • London Buses route 207 — Infobox London Bus number=207 operator=First London garage=Hayes (HZ) vehicle= Mercedes Benz Citaro start=Hayes by pass end=Shepherd s Bush Green via=Southall Ealing Acton length= 8 miles (13 km) time=38 76 minutes level=Daily pvr=25… …   Wikipedia

  • Tramways & Urban Transit — Editor Simon Johnston (2011–present) Former editors W. J. Wyse (1967–1995), Howard Johnston (1995–2010), et al Categories Urban rail transit – primarily trams and light rail Frequency Monthly Publisher …   Wikipedia

  • London —     London     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► London     London, the capital of England and chief city of the British Empire, is situated about fifty miles from the mouth of the Thames, Lat. 51°30 , Long. 0°5 . The word London is used in widely… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • London County Council — Infobox UK local authority name = London County Council hq = County Hall, Lambeth area = County of London start = 1889 end = 1965 lawstart = Local Government Act 1888 lawend = London Government Act 1963 arms= type = County councilLondon County… …   Wikipedia

  • Tramways Act 1870 — The Tramways Act was an important step in the development of urban transport in Britain. Street tramways had originated in the United States, and were introduced to Britain by George Francis Train in the 1860s, the first recorded installation… …   Wikipedia

  • London Traffic Act 1924 — The London Traffic Act 1924 (14 15 Geo.5, C. 34) was an Act of the parliament of the United Kingdom. The purpose of the Act was stated to be the facilitating and improving the regulation of traffic in and near London .BackgroundThe London Traffic …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.