- London United Tramways
London United Tramways Company Limited was an operator of trams and trolleybuses in the western and southern suburbs of
London, UK, from 1894 to 1933, when it passed to the London Passenger Transport Board. The company was formed in 1894 by the Imperial Tramways Companyunder the leadership of George White and Clifton Robinsonto take over the assets of the West Metropolitan Tramways Company, which had gone into receivership and had operated a horse-drawn tram service from Shepherd's Bushto Acton and Chiswick, and from Hammersmithto the north side of Kew Bridgevia Chiswick. A short route ran from the south side of Kew Bridge to Richmond.
LUT relaid the existing track, which was in a poor state of repair, and extended and electrified the system. Electric trams first ran on three routes on
April 4, 1901between Hammersmith and Kew Bridge, between Shepherd's Bush and Kew Bridge (via Chiswick), and between Shepherd's Bush and Acton, London's first electric tram service.
Trams never ran across Kew Bridge - the second (stone) bridge, built in the 1780s, was far too narrow, and very steep on the approach from Brentford - which meant that there was an isolated length of single track of 1.53 miles, with passing loops, from the south side of the bridge, across
Kew Green, then south along the Kew Roadto the Orange Tree public house coord|51.464228|-0.301534|region:GB_type:landmark_scale:2000_source:wikimapia in Richmond.
LUT made repeated attempts to cross Kew Bridge after it was rebuilt in 1903 but these continued to be resisted by the Richmond Corporation Tramways Committee. Kew Road residents opposed two attempts in 1897 & 1898 to install a second track - which would have necessitated road widening - and any subsequent electrification using unsightly overhead wires seemed out of the question, locals favouring the underground conduit system. Kew Obsevatory had concerns about the introduction of electric trams.
So whilet the rest of London went electric, this little branch continued to use horse-drawn cars until well into the twentieth century - the interiors had red velvet seat cushions and were described as "comfortable, if not luxurious", and ran every quarter hour (the full "end to end" journey costing 2d) - until
April 20, 1912after which it was replaced by part of a London General ( LGOC) motor-bus route.
Richmond's tram-shed still exists as the former Shaftesbury Centre in Kew Road just north of the A316.
Extensions to the system
*1901: Chiswick to
Brentfordand Hounslow, Acton to Ealing, Southalland Uxbridge
*1902: Hounslow to
Hounslow Heath, Brentford to Richmond and Twickenham.
*1903: Twickenham to Hampton,
Hampton Court Richmond Bridgeand Teddington.
*1906: Richmond Bridge to Ham Common,
Long Ditton, Malden, Richmond ParkGates, Surbitonand Tolworth.
*1907: Malden to
Raynes Parkand Wimbledon.
The LUT system was connected to the London County Council tram network at Hammersmith in 1908,
Tootingin 1922 and Wandsworthin 1931; and to the Metropolitan Electric Tramways(MET) at Acton in 1909.
The LUT Company
The company's headquarters, depot and power station were in Chiswick. On
January 1, 1913, LUT became a subsidiary of the London and Suburban Traction Company(LSTC), jointly owned by the Underground Groupand British Electric Traction. LSTC also owned the other two tramway companies in the London area, Metropolitan Electric Tramways and South Metropolitan Electric Tramways.
In 1930 had the London United Tramways Act passed. This gave it powers to replace trams with trolleybuses. London's first trolleybus service started on LUT's Twickenham to Teddington section on
May 16, 1931.
On takeover by the LPTB on
July 1, 1933, London United had approximately 29 miles of tram track, 18 of trolleybus route.
The London United name was revived with the creation of London United Busways in 1989 as part of the break-up of London Buses Limited into separate companies (in preparation for privatisation). The London United logo was replaced on vehicles with the
Transdevbanner by September 2006.
* Fulwell Tram Depot
* Fulwell Tram Depot - now Transdev's Fulwell Bus Garage (FW)
* Chiswick Tram Depot - now Stamford Brook Bus Garage (V)
"London's Trams and Trolleybuses", John R. Day, published by London Transport in 1979
"The History of British Bus Services", Second Edition, John Hibbs, Newton Abbot, 1979
"The London United Tramways - Origins to 1912", Volume One, C.S. Smeeton, LRTA & TLRS, 1994
"A Scientific Workshop Threatened by Applied Science: Kew Observatory to Be Removed Owing To The Disturbance Caused by Electric Traction", The Illustrated London News,
August 8 1903
LUT Car 135 at Shepherd's Bush [http://www.tramways.freeserve.co.uk/Cards/Postc30.htm]
West Metropolitan Tramways at Kew [http://www.tramways.freeserve.co.uk/Cards/Postc31.htm]
London's Transport History 1901-1913, LT Museum [http://www.ltmuseum.co.uk/learning/online_resources/ecobus_omnibus/pg/1901a.htm]
History of LUT Fulwell Depot (Twickenham Museum website) [http://www.twickenham-museum.org.uk/detail.asp?ContentID=302]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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