London County Council Tramways

London County Council Tramways

The London County Council Tramways was an extensive network of public street tramways that was operated by the council throughout the County of London, UK, from 1899 to 1933, when they were taken over by the London Passenger Transport Board.

Under the Tramways Act 1870 local authorities were permitted to acquire privately-operated tramways in their area after they had been operating for twenty-one years. Accordingly, in October 1891 the LCC decided to exercise its option to take over four and a half miles of route operated by the London Streetways Company. The company disagreed with the price offered by the council, and the sale did not go through until March 1, 1895. As the LCC had no powers to operate tramways itself, it put the operation of the line out to tender, which the incumbent London Streetways won, being the only applicant.

In 1896 the London Street Tramways offered the rest of their network for sale to the county council, as did the North Metropolitan Tramways Company. The council purchased the lines, and the North Metropolitan were awarded a fourteen year lease to operate them.

The council succeeded in having the London County Council Act 1896 passed which gave it powers to operate trams. The next system to be acquired was that of the London Tramways Company in 1899, and from this date on all lines taken over were operated by the county council itself. By 1909 most of the tramways in the county had been taken over, with the LCC operating convert|113|mi|km of tramways.

In 1900 a further act of parliament gave the council the power to electrify its system. On May 15, 1903 the first electrified section from Westminster to Tooting was opened by The Prince and Princess of Wales who rode the route in a specially decorated tramcar, and paid their fares with halfpenny coins minted for the occasion. The last horse tram ran on the April 30, 1915. Much of the system used a conduit system of electrical current, as the metropolitan boroughs had the power of veto on the installation of overhead wires.

The tramways north and south of the River Thames were almost completely separate until the opening of the Kingsway Subway in 1908.

From July 1, 1921 the LCC Tramways assumed operation of the Leyton Urban District Council trams.

In 1933 the LCC Tramways had convert|167|mi|km of tracks in operation, of which about nine were in Leyton, and a quarter of a mile owned by the City of London. Much of central London was never served by trams, these being excluded from the area by legislation passed in 1872.

LCC trams could also be seen outside the county of London. Apart from operating the Leyton system, there were connections and joint running arrangements with the neighbouring company and municipal systems. This brought council trams to Purley on the Croydon Corporation system, Barnet and Enfield on that of Metropolitan Electric Tramways, and Hampton Court on London United Tramways metals.

The council opened a coal-fired power station for the tramways on the Thames at Greenwich in 1906. As well as 22 tram depots around the county, refurbishment and maintenance works were opened at Charlton in 1909.

On July 1, 1933 The London County Council Tramways passed to the London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB), known as "London Transport".


"London's Trams and Trolleybuses", John R Day, published by London Transport in 1979

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • London County Council — Infobox UK local authority name = London County Council hq = County Hall, Lambeth area = County of London start = 1889 end = 1965 lawstart = Local Government Act 1888 lawend = London Government Act 1963 arms= type = County councilLondon County… …   Wikipedia

  • London County Council — Le London County Council (LCC, « Conseil du comté de Londres ») était le corps principal du gouvernement local pour le comté de Londres durant son existence de 1889 à 1965, et la première autorité municipale générale londonienne à être… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • London County Council — Der London County Council (LCC) war die Verwaltung der 1889 geschaffenen County of London. Er war auch die erste Behörde für den gesamten Londoner Ballungsraum, die direkt gewählt wurde. Der LCC war für jene Stadtteile Londons zuständig, die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • London —     London     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► London     London, the capital of England and chief city of the British Empire, is situated about fifty miles from the mouth of the Thames, Lat. 51°30 , Long. 0°5 . The word London is used in widely… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • London United Tramways — Company Limited was an operator of trams and trolleybuses in the western and southern suburbs of London, UK, from 1894 to 1933, when it passed to the London Passenger Transport Board. The company was formed in 1894 by the Imperial Tramways… …   Wikipedia

  • London Passenger Transport Board — The London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB), commonly known as London Transport, was the organisation responsible for transport in London, UK, and its environs from 1933 to 1948.It was set up by the London Passenger Transport Act 1933 enacted on… …   Wikipedia

  • London Passenger Transport Board — Der London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB) war eine öffentlich rechtliche Verkehrsbehörde, die von 1933 bis 1948 für den öffentlichen Personennahverkehr in London und Umgebung zuständig war. Zuvor hatte es keine übergeordnete Koordination der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • London Traffic Act 1924 — The London Traffic Act 1924 (14 15 Geo.5, C. 34) was an Act of the parliament of the United Kingdom. The purpose of the Act was stated to be the facilitating and improving the regulation of traffic in and near London .BackgroundThe London Traffic …   Wikipedia

  • County Borough of Rochdale — Not to be confused with Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale. Rochdale Motto: Crede Signo (Believe in this sign) Rochdale Town Hall …   Wikipedia

  • County Borough of Salford — For the metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, see City of Salford. City of Salford County Borough of Salford Motto: Integrity and Industry …   Wikipedia