Mount Royal (electoral district)


Mount Royal (electoral district)
Mount Royal
Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec electoral district
Mount Royal, riding.png
Mount Royal in relation to other federal electoral districts in Montreal
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Irwin Cotler
Liberal
District created 1924
First contested 1925
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2006) 98,888
Electors (2011) 68,211
Area (km²) 23
Pop. density (per km²) 4,299.5
Census divisions Montreal
Census subdivisions Montreal, Côte Saint-Luc, Mount Royal, Hampstead

Mount Royal is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1925. Its population in 2006 was 98,888.

It is the most Liberal riding in Quebec and probably in the country; the Liberals have held the seat continuously since 1940. Réal Caouette, long-time leader of the Social Credit Party in Quebec, once said that a mailbox could win the Liberal nomination in Mount Royal and still win election just because it was red (the traditional colour of the Liberal Party).

Its best-known MP is former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, who represented the riding from 1965 to 1984. Its current MP, Irwin Cotler, has held the seat since 1999 when he won a riding-record 91.98 percent of the vote in a by-election.

Its official name in French is Mont-Royal.

The riding has a large Jewish population -- 36.3 percent. Mount Royal and Thornhill in Ontario are the only two districts in Canada where Judaism is the most commonly practised religion.

Contents

Geography

The district includes the City of Côte Saint-Luc, the Towns of Mount Royal and Hampstead, the neighbourhood of Snowdon and the western part of the neighbourhood of Côte-des-Neiges in the City of Montreal.

Demographics

According to the Canada 2006 Census
  • Racial groups: 65.4% White, 9.2% Filipino, 6.2% South Asian, 5.5% Black, 3.3% Chinese, 3.1% Southeast Asian, 2.9% Arab, 1.9% Latin American, 1.0% West Asian
  • Languages: 32.2% English, 21.1% French, 45.7% Others
  • Religions (2001): 36.3% Jewish, 29.3% Catholic, 6.8% Protestant, 5.6% Muslim, 4.9% Christian Orthodox, 4.5% Hindu, 3.0% Buddhist, 1.6% Other Christian
  • Average income: $21,933

History

The electoral district was created in 1924 from Jacques-Cartier and Westmount—Saint-Henri ridings. The electoral district was actually abolished twice since 1924, in 1966 and in 1987, however the district to replace it kept the same name and incumbent both times.

Members of Parliament

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Jacques-Cartier and Westmount—St. Henri prior to 1924
15th 1925–1926     Robert Smeaton White Conservative
16th 1926–1930
17th 1930–1935
18th 1935–1940     William Allen Walsh Conservative
19th 1940–1945     Fred Whitman Liberal
20th 1945–1949
21st 1949–1953     Alan Macnaughton Liberal
22nd 1953–1957
23rd 1957–1958
24th 1958–1962
25th 1962–1963
26th 1963–1965
27th 1965–1968     Pierre Trudeau Liberal
28th 1968–1972
29th 1972–1974
30th 1974–1979
31st 1979–1980
32nd 1980–1984
33rd 1984–1988     Sheila Finestone Liberal
34th 1988–1993
35th 1993–1997
36th 1997–1999
1999–2000     Irwin Cotler Liberal
37th 2000–2004
38th 2004–2006
39th 2006–2008
40th 2008–2011
41st 2011–present

Election results

Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
     Liberal Irwin Cotler 16,151 41.41 -14.24
     Conservative Saulie Zajdel 13,891 35.61 +8.28
     New Democrat Jeff Itcush 6,963 17.85 +10.13
     Bloc Québécois Gabriel Dumais 1,136 2.91 -1.45
     Green Brian Sarwer-Foner 683 1.75 -2.67
     Marxist–Leninist Diane Johnston 109 0.28 +0.01
     Not affiliated Abraham Weizfeld 74 0.19
Total valid votes/Expense limit 39,007 100.00
Total rejected ballots 312 0.79 +0.04
Turnout 39,319 57.64 +5.34
Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
     Liberal Irwin Cotler 19,702 55.65 -9.90 $70,302
     Conservative Rafael Tzoubari 9,676 27.33 +9.43 $63,120
     New Democrat Nicolas Thibodeau 2,733 7.72 +1.02 $3,089
     Green Tyrell Alexander 1,565 4.42 +0.57 $600
     Bloc Québécois Maryse Lavallée 1,543 4.36 -1.35 $6,931
     Marxist–Leninist Diane Johnston 97 0.27 -0.02
     Communist Antonio Artuso 89 0.25 $907
Total valid votes/Expense limit 35,405 100.00 $80,838
Total rejected ballots 268 0.75 +0.06
Turnout 35,673 52.30 -0.51
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
     Liberal Irwin Cotler 24,248 65.55 -10.13 $66,099
     Conservative Neil Martin Drabkin 6,621 17.90 +9.27 $41,404
     New Democrat Nicolas R. Thibodeau 2,479 6.70 +1.79 $2,810
     Bloc Québécois Guillaume Dussault 2,112 5.71 -1.25 $8,542
     Green Damien Pichereau 1,423 3.85 +1.09
     Marxist–Leninist Diane Johnston 106 0.29 +0.04
Total valid votes/Expense limit 36,989 100.00 $75,740
Total rejected ballots 241 0.65 -0.18
Turnout 37,230 52.81 -0.59
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
     Liberal Irwin Cotler 28,670 75.68 -5.56 $79,191
     Conservative Matthew Fireman 3,271 8.63 -1.02 $16,501
     Bloc Québécois Vincent Gagnon 2,636 6.96 +2.69 $5,960
     New Democrat Sébastien Beaudet 1,859 4.91 +2.37 $2,199
     Green Adam Sommerfeld 1,046 2.76 +1.09
     Marijuana Adam Greenblatt 308 0.81
     Marxist–Leninist Diane Johnston 94 0.25
Total valid votes/Expense limit 37,884 100.00 $74,792
Total rejected ballots 317 0.83
Turnout 38,201 53.40

Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election.

Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Irwin Cotler 33,118 81.24 -10.74
     Progressive Conservative Stephane Gelgoot 2,489 6.11 +2.34
     Bloc Québécois Jean-Sebastien Houle 1,740 4.27 +2.03
     Canadian Alliance Alex Gabanski 1,444 3.54
     New Democrat Maria Pia Chávez 1,034 2.54 +0.52
     Green Jean-Claude Balu 681 1.67
     Communist Judith Chafoya 140 0.34
     Natural Law Ena Kahn 122 0.30
Total valid votes 40,768 100.00
By-election on 15 November 1999

Resignation of Sheila Finestone, 10 August 1999

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Irwin Cotler 15,820 91.98 +29.72
     Progressive Conservative Noel Earl Alexander 648 3.77 -6.58
     Bloc Québécois Mathieu Alarie 385 2.24 -1.86
     New Democrat Serge Granger 347 2.02 +0.02
Total valid votes 17,200 100.00

Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election.

Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Sheila Finestone 30,115 62.26 -20.68
     Independent Howard Galganov 10,090 20.86
     Progressive Conservative Carolyn Steinman 5,006 10.35 +4.57
     Bloc Québécois Jacques Thibaudeau 1,981 4.10 -2.86
     New Democrat Adam Giambrone 966 2.00 +0.33
     Natural Law Ena Kahn 211 0.44 -0.21
Total valid votes 48,369 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Sheila Finestone 39,598 82.94 +23.09
     Bloc Québécois Guillaume Dumas 3,324 6.96
     Progressive Conservative Neil Drabkin 2,758 5.78 -26.17
     New Democrat Michael Richard Werbowski 796 1.67 -3.70
     Independent Harry Polansky 537 1.12
     Natural Law Ken Matthews 312 0.65
     National Kurtis Law 300 0.63
     Commonwealth Georges Duchesnay 71 0.15 -0.09
     Abolitionist Marie Vienneau 47 0.10
Total valid votes 47,743 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Sheila Finestone 27,354 59.85 +12.38
     Progressive Conservative Robert Presser 14,601 31.95 -7.14
     New Democrat Tariq Alvi 2,455 5.37 -4.52
     Rhino Lady Be Ann Poulin 512 1.12 -0.50
     Green Daniel Reicher 438 0.96
     Independent Barry Goodman 165 0.36
     Commonwealth Paul G. Fraleigh 108 0.24 +0.07
     Not affiliated Abe Rosner 68 0.15
Total valid votes 45,701 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Sheila Finestone 22,716 47.47 -33.76
     Progressive Conservative Sharon Wolfe 18,707 39.09 +28.52
     New Democrat Nancy Pearson 4,735 9.89 +4.23
     Rhino Claude Parachute Racine 776 1.62 -0.10
     Nationaliste André Daoust 392 0.82
     Libertarian Victor Lévis 338 0.71 +0.41
     Independent Mark Sholzberg 110 0.23
     Commonwealth Guy R. Huard 80 0.17
Total valid votes 47,854 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Pierre Trudeau 33,821 81.23 -3.9
     Progressive Conservative Harry Bloomfield 4,402 10.57 +3.4
     New Democrat David C. Winch 2,356 5.66 +1.7
     Rhino Michel Flybin Rivard 715 1.72 +0.4
     Independent Gordon Edwards 149 0.36
     Libertarian Eddie Paul 126 0.30
     Marxist–Leninist Liz Watkins 68 0.16 +0.0
Total valid votes 41,637 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Pierre Trudeau 43,202 85.2 +10.2
     Progressive Conservative J. David Dejong 3,660 7.2 -6.1
     New Democrat David C. Winch 2,023 4.0 -5.8
     Social Credit Laflèche Trudeau 1,049 2.1 1.1
     Rhino Jacques Ferron 649 1.3
     Communist David G. Johnston 81 0.2
     Marxist–Leninist Robert Verrier 61 0.1 -0.3
Total valid votes 50,725 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Pierre Trudeau 32,166 75.0 -5.6
     Progressive Conservative Émile Mashaal 5,723 13.3 +3.6
     New Democrat Joe Rabinovitch 4,214 9.8 +2.7
     Social Credit Bertrand Marcil 414 1.0 -0.4
     Independent Edward J. Sommer 211 0.5
     Marxist–Leninist Robert A. Cruise 162 0.4 +0.2
Total valid votes 42,890 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Pierre Trudeau 36,875 80.6 -10.1
     Progressive Conservative Andrew Albert Brichant 4,446 9.7 +5.0
     New Democrat Harry Yudin 3,274 7.2 +3.3
     Social Credit Alexander O. Bronstein 625 1.4 +1.2
     Not affiliated Gaston Miron 433 0.9
     Not affiliated Robert A. Cruise 80 0.2
Total valid votes 45,733 100.0

Note: Social Credit vote is compared to Ralliement créditiste vote in the 1968 election.

Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Pierre Trudeau 37,402 90.8 +35.1
     Progressive Conservative Huguette Marleau 1,965 4.8 -8.8
     New Democrat Jussy Brainin 1,583 3.8 -25.8
     Independent Walter Gallagher 182 0.4
     Ralliement créditiste Michel Lamonde 80 0.2 -1.0
Total valid votes 41,212 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Pierre Trudeau 28,064 55.6 -14.7
     New Democrat Charles Taylor 14,929 29.6 +13.1
     Progressive Conservative Peter S. Wise 6,840 13.6 +2.9
     Ralliement créditiste Michel Smith 598 1.2 -1.3
Total valid votes 50,431 100.0

Note: Ralliement créditiste vote is compared to Social Credit vote in the 1963 election.

Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Alan Macnaughton 37,648 70.4 +7.3
     New Democrat Charles Taylor 8,855 16.5 +3.8
     Progressive Conservative Thomas Joseph Coonan 5,693 10.6 -12.0
     Social Credit Austin G. Gordon 1,318 2.5 +0.8
Total valid votes 53,514 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Alan Macnaughton 31,654 63.0 +14.6
     Progressive Conservative Stanley Shenkman 11,352 22.6 -24.7
     New Democrat Charles Taylor 6,388 12.7 +8.4
     Social Credit Henri-J. Bernard 845 1.7
Total valid votes 50,239 100.0

Note: NDP vote is compared to CCF vote in 1958 election.

Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Alan Macnaughton 22,051 48.4 -12.0
     Progressive Conservative Reginald J. Dawson 21,562 47.3 +11.4
     Co-operative Commonwealth Harold Atwill 1,952 4.3 +0.6
Total valid votes 45,565 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Alan Macnaughton 23,330 60.4 -1.2
     Progressive Conservative George Brown 13,861 35.9 +2.0
     Co-operative Commonwealth Harold Atwill 1,420 3.7 +1.9
Total valid votes 38,611 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Alan Macnaughton 17,183 61.7 -2.2
     Progressive Conservative Dudley Holden Kerr 9,460 33.9 -0.1
     Labour-Progressive Norman Nerenberg 727 2.6
     Co-operative Commonwealth Ross Worrall 500 1.8 -0.3
Total valid votes 27,870 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Alan Macnaughton 21,654 63.8 +17.1
     Progressive Conservative Earle Moore 11,550 34.0 -5.7
     Co-operative Commonwealth Ross Edward Worrall 719 2.1 -5.9
Total valid votes 33,923 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Frederick Primrose Whitman 20,925 46.8 -9.7
     Progressive Conservative St. Clair Holland 17,798 39.8 +1.9
     Co-operative Commonwealth John Stanley Allen 3,608 8.1 +2.4
     Ind. Progressive Conservative Gilbert Layton 1,270 2.8
     Labour-Progressive Beryl Truax 1,147 2.6
Total valid votes 44,748 100.0

Note: Progressive Conservative vote is compared to "National Government" vote in 1940 election.

Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Frederick Primrose Whitman 19,858 56.5 +20.0
     National Government William Allen Walsh 13,319 37.9 -11.6
     Co-operative Commonwealth John Stanley Allen 1,983 5.6 +1.1
Total valid votes 35,160 100.0

Note: "National Government" vote is compared to Conservative vote in 1935 election.

Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative William Allen Walsh 16,203 49.4 -26.0
     Liberal Adam Kirk Cameron 11,967 36.5 +12.0
     Reconstruction Clifford Henry Cheasley 2,782 8.5
     Co-operative Commonwealth Lloyd B. Almond 1,473 4.5
     Independent Thomas Henry Carveth 343 1.0
Total valid votes 32,768 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative Robert Smeaton White 19,932 75.5 -0.5
     Liberal Grace Ritchie England 6,483 24.5 +0.5
Total valid votes 26,415 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative Robert Smeaton White 14,249 76.0 +6.3
     Liberal Thomas Henry Carveth 4,499 24.0
Total valid votes 18,748 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes %
     Conservative Robert Smeaton White 16,377 69.7
     Independent Liberal Robert Louis Calder 7,129 30.3
Total valid votes 23,506 100.0
Parliament of Canada
Preceded by
Algoma East
Riding represented by the Prime Minister
1968-1979
Succeeded by
Yellowhead
Preceded by
Yellowhead
Riding represented by the Prime Minister
1980-1984
Succeeded by
Vacant; next was Manicouagan, in 1984

See also

  • List of Canadian federal electoral districts
  • Past Canadian electoral districts

Sources

Riding history from the Library of Parliament:

External links

Political blog with discussion of Mount Royal:


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