- Canadian federal election, 1935
election_name = Canadian federal election, 1935
country = Canada
type = parliamentary
previous_election = Canadian federal election, 1930
previous_year = 1930
next_election = Canadian federal election, 1940
next_year = 1940
seats_for_election = 245 seats in the
18th Canadian Parliament
October 14, 1935
next_mps = 19th Canadian Parliament
previous_mps = 17th Canadian Parliament
William Lyon Mackenzie King
party1 =Liberal Party of Canada
leaders_seat1 =Prince Albert
leader2 =Richard Bennett
party2 =Conservative Party of Canada (historical)
John Horne Blackmore
party4 =Social Credit Party of Canada
J. S. Woodsworth
party5 =Co-operative Commonwealth Federation
Winnipeg North Centre
title = PM
before_election = Richard Bennett
before_party = Conservative Party of Canada (historical)
William Lyon Mackenzie King
after_party = Liberal Party of Canada
The Canadian federal election of 1935 was held on
October 14, 1935to elect members of the Canadian House of Commonsof the 18th Parliament of Canada. The Liberal Party of William Lyon Mackenzie Kingwon a majority government, defeating Prime Minister R.B. Bennett's Conservative Party.
The central issue was the economy, which was still in the depths of the Great Depression. Bennett, in office since the 1930 election, had done little to stimulate the economy during his first few years, believing that a policy of high tariffs and trade within the
British Empirewould correct the depression. In the last months of his time in office, he reversed his position, however, copying the popular New Dealof Franklin Roosevelt in the United States. Upset about high unemployment and inaction by the federal government, voters were unwilling to allow the Conservatives to continue to govern, despite their change of policy.
The Conservatives were also suffering severe internal divisions. During his first years in office, Bennett had alienated those in his party who supported intervention in the economy. His last minute conversion to interventionism alienated the rest of the party. Former cabinet minister
H.H. Stevensleft to form the Reconstruction Party. Senior minister Sir Joseph Flavelleannounced he would be supporting the Liberals.
Voters opted for Mackenzie King's promise of mild reforms to restore economic health. The Liberals crushed the Tories, winning 171 seats to the Conservatives' 39, the worst ever performance by the Tories until their collapse in 1993. The Liberal Party would continue to hold power until 1957.
The 1935 election was also important in it saw the final demise of the Progressive Party and the
United Farmers of Alberta. Two new movements rose out of the west, however. The new Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, a social democraticparty, first competed in this election and won seven seats, promising social reform. The Social Credit Party of Canadawas even more successful, capturing seventeen seats on its platform of monetary reform.
*The party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.
x - less than 0.005% of the popular vote
Results by province
*xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote
18th Canadian Parliament
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