- Alfred Sully
Infobox Military Person
caption=Brevet Brigadier General Alfred Sully
22 May 1821
27 April 1879(aged 57)
placeofdeath= Fort Vancouver, Washington Territory
placeofburial= Laurel Hill Cemetery,
United States Army
commands= CHRONOLOGICAL COMMANDS
Indian War Commands:
Seminole War, Florida
Western Indian Campaigns (N. California & S. Oregon)
Northern Plains Indian Campaigns (Dakota & Nebraska Territories, Minnesota)
Civil War Command: 1st Minnesota Volunteers, Virginia Peninsula Campaign
Indian War Commands:
North Western Indian Expeditions (Arapaho, Sioux, and Cheyenne)
1867-77 Chaired Investigatory Commissions on Indian Wars
Nez Perce War
relations= Son-in-law, Tipi Sapa (Black Lodge), a leader of the Yankton/Nakota band of the Great Sioux Nation
Vine Deloria, Jr.
Alfred Sully (
22 May, 1821- 27 April, 1879), was a military officerduring the American Civil Warand during the Indian Warson the frontier. He was also a noted painter. [ [http://iagenweb.org/dickinson/sccavalry/gsully.htm Alfred Sully biography] ]
Sully was the son of the
portrait painter, Thomas Sully, of Pennsylvania. [ [http://www.math.usma.edu/people/Rickey/dms/01092-Sully.html Alfred Sully anecdote] ] Alfred Sully graduated from West Pointin 1841. During and after the American Civil War, Sully served in the Plains States and was widely regarded as an Indian fighter. Sully, like his father, was a watercoloristand oil painter. Between 1849 to 1853, he became chief quartermasterof the U.S. troopsat Monterey, California, after Californiacame under American jurisdiction. Then, Sully created a number of watercolor and some oil paintings reflecting the social life of Monterey during that period.
Sully headed US troops out of
Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, in June 1861 as captain and occupied the city of St. Joseph, Missouri, declaring martial law. Violent secessionist uprisings in the cityduring the early Civil War prompted Sully's occupation.
Sully was commissioned
colonelof the 1st Minnesota Volunteer Infantryon February 3 1862and served in that rank until promoted to brigadier generalon September 26 1862.
Also during the Civil War years, the Indian Wars continued in the West. General Sully was sent to command cavalry troops and played an important role in the Indian Wars, becoming known as a successful
leader. On September 3, 1863, at Whitestone Hill, Dakota Territory, as reprisal for the Dakota Conflict of 1862, his troops destroyed a village of some 500 tipis that lodged Yankton, Dakota, HunkpapaLakota, and Blackfeet. Not only were warriors killed or captured but also women and children. The troopers casualties were small. [ [http://www.nd.gov/hist/whitestone/index.html Battle of Whitestone Hill (September 3, 1863), North Dakota State Historic Site] ]
Fort Randall, South Dakotaduring the Minnesota Sioux Uprising, aka the Dakota War of 1862, he met a young French-Indian girl of the Yankton Siouxtribe who reminded him of his young Mexican wife whom he had lost to choleraduring an epidemicin California. This marriagemade him the son-in-law of Saswe, aka François Deloria (Saswe being the Dakotapronunciation of François), a powerful Yankton medicine manand chief of the "Half-Breed band".
Sully's daughter, Mary Sully, was known as "Akicita Win" (Soldier Woman). She became the
wifeof Rev. Philip Joseph Deloria, an Episcopal priest, aka Tipi Sapa (Black Lodge), a leaderof the Yankton/Nakota band of the Sioux Nation. [ [http://www.episcopalchurch.org/79901_88301_ENG_HTM.htm Rev. Philip Joseph Deloria mentioned in an "EpiscopalLife" online article] ] Tipi Sapa is featured as one of the 98 Saints of the Ages at the National Cathedralin Washington, D.C.as the first Dakota Christianminister to his own people. [ [http://members.cox.net/oplater/LitanyofNativeSaints.pdf Litany of Native Saints includes Tipi Sapa's name] ] Among their descendants are Vine Deloria, Jr.and Ella Deloria, [ [http://zia.aisri.indiana.edu/deloria_archive/about.php?topic=ella Biography of Ella Deloria, daughter of Tipi Sapa and granddaughter of François des Lauriers (François Deloria, aka Saswe)] ] noted Yankton Sioux scholarsand writers.
* [http://www.generalsandbrevets.com/ngs/sully.htm Pictures of Alfred Sully]
* [http://www.topofart.com/artists/Thomas_Sully/art_reproduction/2939/Portrait_of_Alfred_Sully.php Portrait of Alfred Sully, a Cadet at West Point, 1839, by his father Thomas Sully]
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