- Conference on Disarmament
Conference on Disarmament (CD) is a forum established by the international community to negotiate multilateral arms control and disarmament agreements. Established in 1979, it was the forum used by its member states, currently numbering 65, to negotiate the Biological Weapons Convention and the Chemical Weapons Convention.
While the conference is not formally a United Nations (UN) organization, it is linked to the UN through a personal representative of the United Nations Secretary-General; this representative serves as the secretary general of the conference. Resolutions adopted by the UN General Assembly often request the conference to consider specific disarmament matters. In turn, the conference annually reports its activities to the Assembly.
The Conference succeeded the Ten-Nation Committee on Disarmament (1960), the Eighteen-Nation Committee on Disarmament (1962–68) and the Conference of the Committee on Disarmament (1969–78).
In the 1990s, the Conference held intensive efforts over three years to draft the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty text and its two annexes, but it did not succeed in reaching consensus on the adoption of the text. Australia then sent the text to the United Nations General Assembly in New York, where it was submitted as a draft resolution. On 10 September 1996, the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) was adopted by a large majority, exceeding two-thirds of the General Assembly's Membership.
On June 28, 2011, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) was appointed to serve a term as president of the Conference. Despite the fact that the chairmanship rotates alphabetically, the move was criticized in the media and by Canada's foreign minister because of the country's track record on nuclear proliferation.
The conference's 65 members represent all areas of the world, including all known nuclear-weapon states.
- Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea)
- Democratic Republic of Congo
- Islamic Republic of Iran
- New Zealand
- Republic of Korea (South Korea)
- Russian Federation
- South Africa
- Sri Lanka
- Syrian Arab Republic
- United Kingdom
- United States of America
- Viet Nam
- ^ http://unbisnet.un.org:8080/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=X204697124L65.19785&profile=bibga&uri=full=3100001~!396802~!33&ri=1&aspect=power&menu=search&source=~!horizon#focus
- ^ http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/50/ares50-245.htm
- ^ a b Bayefsky, Anne (2011-06-30). "UN’s bad joke: North Korea runs talks about disarmament". San Francisco Examiner. http://www.sfexaminer.com/opinion/op-eds/2011/06/un-s-bad-joke-north-korea-runs-talks-about-disarmament. Retrieved 2011-07-06.
- ^ Cohen, Tobi (2011-06-30). "Canada denounces North Korea UN appointment, but is it enough?". The Vancouver Sun. http://www.vancouversun.com/news/Canada+denounces+North+Korea+appointment+enough/5032702/story.html. Retrieved 2011-07-06.
- ^ "Disarmament: Member States". United Nations Office at Geneva. http://www.unog.ch/80256EE600585943/(httpPages)/6286395D9F8DABA380256EF70073A846?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2007-05-04.
- United Nations' page of Conference on Disarmament
- Press releases of Conference on Disarmament
- Disarmament insight website
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