- Judith Miller (journalist)
Judith Miller (born
January 2, 1948), is an American journalist. Miller, based in Washington D.C., was a prominent "New York Times" reporter with access to top U.S. government officials. Her coverage of these officials, especially regarding the Bush administration’s conclusions about Iraq’s alleged Weapons of Mass Destruction(WMD) Program and her involvement in the Plame Affair, made her a conspicuous media personality. The work that Miller and Michael Gordon did in presenting the case for WMDs has been proven false. The New York Times apologized publicly for their poor reporting. Ms. Miller lost her job over these reporting blunders though Mr. Gordon has remained a reporter for the New York Times. Miller announced her "retirement" from " The New York Times" on November 9, 2005.
In July 2005, Miller was jailed for
contempt of courtfor refusing to testify before a federal grand juryinvestigating a leak naming Valerie Plameas a covert CIAagent. Miller did not write about Plame, but was reportedly in possession of evidence relevant to the leak investigation. According to a subpoena, Miller met with an unnamed government official — later revealed to be I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Vice President Cheney's Chief of Staff—on July 8 2003, two days after former ambassador Joseph Wilson published an Op-Edin the "Times" criticizing the Bush administration for "twisting" intelligence to justify war in Iraq. (Plame's CIA identity was revealed in a column by conservative political commentator Robert Novakon July 14 2003.)
July 16, 2005, "The Washington Post" reported that Miller could face criminal contempt charges, which could have extended her jail time six months beyond the four months then anticipated. [cite news| url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07/15/AR2005071502080.html| title= Criminal Contempt Could Lengthen Reporter's Jail Stay| first=Howard| last=Kurtz|
first2 =Carol D.
author2-link =Carol D. Leonnig
publisher=Washington Post| date=July 16, 2005| pages=A06| accessdate=2006-06-25] The "Post" also suggested that special prosecutor
Patrick Fitzgeraldwas particularly interested in hearing Miller's version of her encounter with Libby. While Libby signed a waiver allowing journalists to testify about their conversations on this subject, Miller had reportedly refused to accept its validity on the grounds that it was "coerced."Fact|date=May 2007
Filings by Patrick Fitzgerald alleged that Miller's defiance of the court constituted a crime.cite web| url=http://www.dcd.uscourts.gov/04ms407-G.pdf| format=PDF| title=Government's Memorandum In Opposition To Judith Miller's Motion For Reconsideration Or A Supplemental Order Designating A Particular Place Of Confinement| accessdate=2006-06-25]
September 29 2005, after spending 85 days in jail, Miller was released after a telephone call with Libby. He had reaffirmed a release of confidentiality that he had given her a year earlier and that she had already known about. Under oath, Miller was questioned by Patrick Fitzgerald before a federal grand jury the following day, September 30th, 2005 [cite news| url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4296090.stm| date=30 September 2005| publisher=BBC News| title=US CIA case reporter will testify| accessdate=2006-06-25] but was not relieved of contempt charges until after testifying again on October 12, 2005. For her second grand jury appearance, Miller produced a notebook from a previously-undisclosed meeting with Libby on June 23, 2003, several weeks before Wilson's "New York Times" editorial was published. According to Miller's notes from that earlier meeting, Libby disclosed that Joseph Wilson's wife was a CIA employee involved in her husband's trip to Niger. Miller's notebook from her July 8, 2003 meeting with Libby contains the name "Valerie Flame [sic] ". [Don Van Natta Jr., Adam Liptak, Clifford J. Levy: [http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/16/national/16leak.html?ex=1287115200&en=bcd66470164b82c1&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss The Miller Case: A Notebook, a Cause, a Jail Cell and a Deal] . The New York Times, 16 October 2005] This reference occurred six days before Novak published Plame's name and unmasked her as a CIA "operative."
The "New York Times" published Miller's first-person account, "My Four Hours Testifying in the Federal Grand Jury Room," on October 16, 2005. After having invoked First Amendment journalistic principles in going to jail, Miller was widely derided for saying that she could not remember who gave her the name "Valerie Plame" (presumably a key fact in the case) but that she was sure it didn't come from Libby. [ [http://www.commondreams.org/headlines05/1016-01.htm Judith Miller: My Four Hours Testifying in the Federal Grand Jury Room ] ] (Former White House press secretary
Ari Fleischertestified, for example, that he was told Plame's name and CIA identity by Libby at lunch on July 7th, 2003, one day before Libby's breakfast meeting with Miller.) [ [http://www.firedoglake.com/2007/01/29/libby-live-ari-fleischer-one/ Ari Fleischer testimony, January 29, 2007, liveblogging] Miller's grand jury account was her last article in the "New York Times", which negotiated a private severance package shortly afterwards. Miller testified as a witness on January 30, 2007 at the trial of "Scooter" Libby, which began in January 2007 and ended with Libby's conviction on four of five counts on March 6, 2007. [ [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/30/AR2007013000178.html Reporter's Account Hurts Libby Defense - washingtonpost.com ] ]
Her father, Bill Miller, was a Las Vegas entertainment icon. Her sister, Susan, has a degree in photography from the San Francisco Art Institute. Her late brother was famed Rolling Stones record producer
Jimmy Miller; he was also the writer of the lyrics to the Spencer Davis Groupsong "I'm a Man". Judy attended Ohio State Universitywhere she was a member of Kappa Alpha Thetasorority and she graduated from Barnard Collegein 1969 and received a master's degree in public affairs from Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. In 1971, while at Princeton, Miller traveled to Jerusalemto research a paper. She became fascinated with the Israeli-Palestinian dispute, and spent the rest of the summer traveling for the first time to Egypt, Jordanand Lebanon.
As a correspondent for "
The Progressive" and " National Public Radio", she turned her academic interest into a professional one, traveling to the region and cultivating a network of highly placed sources.
She was married in 1993 to
"New York Times" Career: 1977-2002
Miller started at the Washington bureau of the "New York Times" in 1977, part of a new intake prodded in part by the sting of the "Times" losing the Watergate story to
Bob Woodwardand Carl Bernsteinof the " Washington Post". She and her boyfriend Steven Rattner, also a "Times" reporter, became close friends of Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr., the son of the then-publisher of the "Times", whose first job at the "Times", starting in 1978, was also as a reporter of the Washington bureau. For several summers, Miller and Rattner shared a weekend house on the Eastern Shore of Marylandwith Sulzberger and his wife, Gail. (Sulzberger would become publisher of the "Times" in 1992 in his own right.)
In 1983, the "Times" put her Middle East experience to use by installing her as its
Cairobureau chief, the first woman in that position. The bureau was responsible for covering the Arab world, allowing her to range from Tripolito Damascus.
In 1987-88, she returned to Washington as the Washington bureau's news editor and deputy bureau chief. In October 1990, Miller was named special correspondent to the
Persian Gulfcrisis, and after that, the "Times"' Sunday Magazine's special correspondent. In the mid-1990s, she was the Times's deputy media editor, responsible to Martin Arnold.
In early 2002, Miller shared in a
Pulitzer Prizefor Explanatory Reporting, awarded to the "New York Times" staff for their work profiling "the global terrorism network and the threats it posed."
Anthrax hoax victim
On October 12, 2001, Judith Miller opened an
anthrax hoaxletter mailed to her "New York Times" office. The 2001 anthrax attackshad begun occurring in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, with anthrax-laced letters sent to ABC News, CBS News, NBC Newsand the " New York Post", all in New York City, as well as the " National Enquirer" in Boca Raton, Florida. Two additional letters (with a higher grade of anthrax) were sent on October 9, 2001 to Senators Tom Daschleand Patrick Leahyin Washington. Twenty-two people were sickened; five died.
In 2008, as the government's investigation of these mailings had come to center on
Bruce Ivins, Mr. Ivins committed suicide. The official view is that Mr. Ivins acted alone. Both assertions, of his guilt, and of its solitary nature, have drawn skeptics.
Miller was the only major U.S. media reporter, and the New York Times the only major U.S. media organization, to be victimized by a fake anthrax letter in the fall of 2001. Miller had reported extensively on the subject of biological threats and had recently co-authored a book on bio-terrorism, "Germs: Biological Weapons and America's Secret War," which had been published on October 2, 2001. Miller also co-authored an article on Pentagon plans to develop a more potent version of weaponized anthrax, "U.S. Germ Warfare Research Pushes Treaty Limits," published in the New York Times on September 4, 2001, weeks before the first anthrax mailings.
Leaked information concerning the search of Islamic charities
Shortly after the September 11 terrorist attacks, the U.S. government was considering adding the
Holy Land Foundationto a list of organizations with suspected links to terrorism and was planning to search the premises of the organization. The disclosure of this information by a government agent could constitute a violation of criminal law, 18 U.S.C. Sec. 793(d). The information about the impending search was given to Miller by a confidential source. On December 3, 2001, Miller telephoned the Holy Land Foundation for comment before the search took place. The "New York Times" published an article in the late edition papers and on its website that day. The next day, the government searched HLF's offices. These occurrences led to a lawsuit brought by Patrick Fitzgerald, "New York Times v. Gonzales", 459 F.3d 160 (2006).
"New York Times" career: 2002-2005
Miller was criticized for her reporting on whether
Iraqhad weapons of mass destruction(WMD). On September 7, 2002, Miller and "Times" reporter Michael R. Gordonreported the interception of metal tubes bound for Iraq. Her front page story quoted unnamed "American officials" and "American intelligence experts" who said the tubes were intended to be used to enrich nuclear material, and cited unnamed "Bush administration officials" who claimed that in recent months, Iraq had "stepped up its quest for nuclear weapons and has embarked on a worldwide hunt for materials to make an atomic bomb." [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/08/international/middleeast/08IRAQ.html?ex=1121140800&en=76eddceb628af81e&ei=5070 NYTimes.com] ]
Miller added that "Mr. Hussein's dogged insistence on pursuing his nuclear ambitions, along with what defectors described in interviews as Iraq's push to improve and expand Baghdad's chemical and biological arsenals, have brought Iraq and the United States to the brink of war." Although Miller conceded that some intelligence experts found the information on Iraq's weapons programs "spotty," she did not report specific and detailed objections, including a report filed with the US government more than a year before Miller's article appeared by retired
Oak Ridge National Laboratoryphysicist, Houston G. Wood III, who concluded that the tubes were not meant for centrifuges.
Shortly after Miller's article was published,
Condoleezza Rice, Colin Powelland Donald Rumsfeldall appeared on television and pointed to Miller's story as a partial basis for going to war. Subsequent analyses by various agencies all concluded that there was no way the tubes could have been used for uranium-enrichment centrifuges. Miller said of the controversy, " [M] y job isn't to assess the government's information and be an independent intelligence analyst myself. My job is to tell readers of "The New York Times" what the government thought about Iraq's arsenal." Some have criticized this position, believing that a crucial function of a journalist is to independently assess information, question sources and analyze information before reporting it. [Michael Massing: " [http://foi.missouri.edu/polinfoprop/nowtheytell.html Now They Tell Us] "Dead link|date=June 2008. New York Review of Books, February 26, 2004]
Miller would later claim, based only on second-hand statements from the military unit she was embedded with, that WMDs had been found in Iraq. ["NYT";
April 21, 2003] This again was widely repeated in the press. "Well, I think they found something more than a smoking gun," Miller said on " The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer". "What they've found is a silver bullet in the form of a person, an Iraqi individual, a scientist, as we've called him, who really worked on the programs, who knows them, firsthand, and who has led MET Alpha people to some pretty startling conclusions." This story also turned out to be false. [cite web| url=http://www.huffingtonpost.com/theblog/archive/jim-moore/that-awful-power-how-jud_4986.html| first=James| last=Moore| year=08.01.2005| title=That Awful Power: How Judy Miller Screwed Us All| accessdate=2006-06-26]
May 26, 2004, a week after the U.S. government apparently severed ties with Ahmed Chalabi, a "Times" editorial acknowledged that some of that newspaper's coverage in the run-up to the war had relied too heavily on Chalabi and other Iraqi exiles bent on regime change. It also regretted that "information that was controversial [was] allowed to stand unchallenged." [ [http://nytimes.com/critique The New York Times > International > Middle East > From the Editors: The Times and Iraq: A Sample of the Coverage ] ] While the editorial rejected "blame on individual reporters," others noted that ten of the twelve flawed stories discussed had been written or co-written by Miller. [Eric Umansky: " [http://www.slate.com/id/2101261/ Miller Genuine Wrath] ". Slate, May 26, 2004]
Miller has reacted angrily to criticism of her pre-war reporting. In a
May 27, 2004article in "Salon," published the day after the "Times" mea culpa, James C. Moore quoted her: "You know what," she offered angrily. "I was proved fucking right. That's what happened. People who disagreed with me were saying, 'There she goes again.' But I was proved fucking right." This quotation was originally in relation to another Miller story, wherein she indicated that trailers found in Iraq had been proven to be mobile weapons labs. That too was later shown to be untrue. [Woodward, Bob. State of Denial. New York: Simon and Shuster, p. 210] It was alleged later in "Editor and Publisher" that, while Miller's reporting "frequently does not meet published Times standards" she was not sanctioned (as writers like Jayson Blairwere) and was given a freer rein than other reporters because she consistently delivered frequent front page scoops for the paper by cultivating top-ranking sources. [William E. Jackson, Jr.: " [http://www.commondreams.org/scriptfiles/views03/1002-09.htm Miller's Star Fades (Slightly) at 'NY Times'] ". Editor and Publisher, October 2, 2003]
November 11, 2004, the "Times" published an obituary for Palestinian leader Yasser Arafatwritten by Miller. Critics say it contained a number of factual errors with regard to historical context.
Miller announced her retirement from the "
New York Times" on November 9, 2005, citing among other reasons difficulty in performing her job effectively after having become an integral part of the stories she was sent to cover. [cite news| url=http://www.cnn.com/2005/US/11/09/miller.retires/index.html| title= Reporter at center of CIA leak retires| date=November 10, 2005| accessdate=2006-06-26| publisher=CNN.com] The announcement may not have been voluntary - her journalism had come under intense criticism with accusations that she had become a shill for the Bush administration. This criticism generally followed the line that her reporting of cherry-picked intelligence favorable to the administration's pro-war positions prior to the Iraq war reflected an uncomfortable "entanglement" with administration officials Fact|date=December 2007.
Post-"The New York Times"
Since leaving the "New York Times", Miller has continued her work as a writer in Manhattan and has contributed several op-ed pieces to "
The Wall Street Journal". On May 16, 2006 she summarized her investigations on U.S. foreign policy regarding Libya's dismantling of its weapons programs in an essay spanning two days.
On May 17, 2006, NavySEALs.com and MediaChannel.org posted/published an exclusive interview with Miller in which she told the details of how the attack on the Cole spurred her reporting on Al Qaeda and led her, in July 2001, to a still-anonymous top-level White House source, who shared top-secret NSA signals intelligence (SIGINT) concerning an even bigger impending Al Qaeda attack, perhaps to be visited on the continental United States. Ultimately, however, Miller never wrote that story. But two months later – on September 11 – Miller and her editor at the "Times", Stephen Engelberg, another Pulitzer Prize winner, both remembered and regretted the story they “didn’t do.”
On August 18, 2007, Miller appeared on
Plum TVin the Hamptons to discuss her opposition to a plan to build a CVS Pharmacy in Sag Harbor. http://hamptons.plumtv.com/stories/judith_miller_doesnt_do_politics
On September 7, 2007, she was hired as an adjunct fellow of the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, a conservative free-market
think tank. Her duties will also include being a contributing editor for the organization's publication, "City Journal". [http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5ji5OXMljnOlH3kaS-up4h9D9QNNA]
Contempt of court
October 1, 2004, federal Judge Thomas F. Hogan found Miller in contempt of courtfor refusing to appear before a federal grand jury, which was investigating who had leaked to reporters the fact that Valerie Plamewas a covert CIAoperative. Miller did not write an article about the subject at the time of the leak, but others did (most notably, Robert Novak), spurring the investigation. Judge Hogan sentenced her to 18 months in jail, but stayed the sentence while her appeal proceeded. On February 15, 2005, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit unanimously upheld Judge Hogan's ruling. On June 27, 2005the US Supreme Court declined to hear the case.
According to sources reported to have firsthand knowledge
Karl Rovehad asserted in an interview with the FBI that he had learned the identity of Plame from a reporter.
July 6, Judge Hogan ordered Miller to serve her sentence at "a suitable jail within the metropolitan area of the District of Columbia." She was taken to Alexandria City Jailon July 7, 2005. [cite news| url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/4654969.stm| date=6 July, 2005| title=US reporter jailed in CIA trial| publisher=BBC News] [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/06/politics/06cnd-leak.html New York Times Reporter Jailed for Keeping Source Secret - New York Times ] ]
Prior to her jailing for civil contempt, Miller's lawyers argued that it was pointless to imprison her because she would never talk or reveal confidential sources. Under such circumstances, argued her lawyers, jail term would be "merely punitive" and would serve no purpose.cite web| url=http://www.dcd.uscourts.gov/04ms407-D.pdf| format=PDF| accessdate=2006-06-26| title= Motion Of Judith Miller For Reconsideration Of The Court's October 7, 2004 Order Requiring Confinement "At A Suitable Place" Or, In The Alternative, For A Supplemental Order Designating A Particular "Suitable Place" Of Confinement, And Supporting Memorandum Of Points And Authorities] Arguing that Miller should be confined to her home and could forego Internet access and cellphone use, Miller's lawyers suggested that "impairing her unrestricted ability to do her job as an investigative journalist...would present the strictest form of coercion to her."cite news| url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07/01/AR2005070101962.html| title= Reporters Ask Judge for Home Detention| first=Carol D.| last=Leonnig| author-link =Carol D. Leonnig |publisher=Washington Post| date=July 2, 2005| pages=A02| accessdate=2006-06-26] Failing that, Miller's lawyers asked that she be sent to a women's facility in Danbury, Connecticut, nearer to "Ms. Miller's 76-year-old husband," retired book publisher
Jason Epstein(who lives in New York City, and whose state of health was the subject of a confidential medical report filed by Miller's attorneys). Upon being jailed, "The New York Times" reported (on July 7, 2005) that Miller had purchased a cockapoo puppy to keep her husband company during her absence. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F20E10F63D590C748CDDAE0894DD404482 A REPORTER JAILED: Woman in the News; A Difficult Moment, Long Anticipated; Judith Miller - New York Times ] ] Just three weeks into her jail term, "The New York Sun" reported that Epstein was aboard a Mediterranean cruise with celebrities J. K. Rowlingand Isabella Rossellini. [cite news| url=http://www.nydailynews.com/front/story/331819p-283554c.html| title=While reporter sits in jail, hubby sets sail| publisher=New York Daily News| date=July 26, 2005| first=Lloyd| last=Grove| accessdate=2006-06-26]
September 17 2005, the "Washington Post" reported that Miller had received " [a] parade of prominent government and media officials" during her first 11 weeks in prison, including visits by former U.S. Republican Senator Bob Dole, NBC News anchor Tom Brokaw, and John R. Bolton, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. [cite news| url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09/16/AR2005091601646.html| title=Jailed Reporter Is Distanced From News, Not Elite Visitors| first=Carol D.| last= Leonnig| author-link =Carol D. Leonnig|publisher=Washington Post|date=September 17, 2005| pages=Page A01| accessdate=2006-06-26] Some have suggested that Bolton, who had access to classified State Department documents identifying Valerie Plame as a covert CIA operative, may have passed sensitive information to Miller, which Miller in turn passed on to the White House.
After her release on
September 29, 2005, Miller agreed to disclose to the grand jury the identity of her source, Lewis Libby, Vice President Dick Cheney's chief of staff. Miller and Bill Keller, executive editor of "The New York Times", have not disclosed to the "New York Times" Miller's role in covering the Plame story.
In a separate case, Federal Judge Robert Sweet ruled on
February 24, 2005that Miller was not required to reveal who in the government leaked word of an impending raid to her. Patrick Fitzgerald, the same prosecutor who had Miller jailed in the Plame case, had argued that Miller's calls to groups suspected of funding terrorists had tipped them off to the raid and allowed them time to destroy evidence. Fitzgerald wanted Miller's phone records to confirm the time of the tip and determine who had leaked the information to Miller in the first place. However, Judge Sweet held that because Fitzgerald could not demonstrate in advance that the phone records would provide the information he sought the prosecutor's needs were outweighed by a 'reporter's privilege' to keep sources confidential.
The Federal Appeals Court in New York on on
August 1, 2006in a 2-to-1 decision ruled that federal prosecutors may inspect the telephone records of Miller and Philip Shenon. Judge Ralph K. Winter Jr. wrote: “No grand jury can make an informed decision to pursue the investigation further, much less to indict or not indict, without the reporters’ evidence,” [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2006/08/02/washington/02phones.html?hp&ex=1154577600&en=f960a842e0fe8b0a&ei=5094&partner=homepage U.S. Wins Access to Reporter Phone Records - New York Times ] ]
Journalist shield laws have been enacted in most states, but not at the federal level. These state laws vary widely but generally do not provide absolute protection, and journalists may still be compelled to testify if they have been witness to a crime or if there is no other way for the court to obtain the evidence.
Her case will be turned into a movie titled "Nothing but the Truth", with
Kate Beckinsaleplaying Miller. [ [http://www.nypost.com/entertainment/movies/news/n12879.htm New Movies | Upcoming Movies | Ratings ] ] [ [http://www.editorandpublisher.com/eandp/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003614379 null ] ]
Judith Miller appeared on the February 13, 2008 episode of "The Colbert Report" posing as one as his writers. Other "joke" writers were
Tiki Barber, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Kevin Bacon, and Mr. Met. [ [http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2008/02/14/six-degrees-of-stephen-co_n_86589.html Six Degrees of Stephen Colbert's Writers: Tiki Barber, Judy Miller, Mikhail Baryshnikov and That Guy From Footloose - Media on The Huffington Post ] ]
Miller has also been characterized as a possible co-conspirator with the Bush Administration in the attempt to discredit former Ambassador
Joseph C. Wilson, who openly questioned the intelligence used to justify the 2003 Invasion of Iraq. [ [http://www.mediainfo.com/eandp/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1001016586 Login ] ] [http://news.yahoo.com/s/huffpost/20050818/cm_huffpost/005822] Columnist Margaret Kimberly wrote the Miller "isn’t protecting a whistle blower. She is protecting someone who retaliated against a whistle blower." [http://www.chicagodefender.com/page/commentary.cfm?ArticleID=2279] Predicting in an August 8 2005interview with radio host Don Imusthat other employees of the "New York Times" would soon be subpoenaed by Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald, James Carvillespeculated " [i] t's going to be very interesting to see whether [Miller's] problem is a First Amendment [problem] — i.e., I want to protect a source — or a Fifth Amendment [problem] — I was out spreading this stuff, too." [ [http://www.newsmax.com/archives/ic/2005/8/8/113805.shtml James Carville: Special Counsel Fitzgerald to Subpoena Top Timesman ] ]
In the days since Miller's release from prison and her
waiver from a promise of confidentialityfrom her source, media observers have criticized Miller and the "New York Times" for not publishing her role in the Plame-Wilson leak, not even to explain why the full story cannot now be revealed. The lawyer for Scooter Libby told the media that Miller was advised over a year ago that she could testify about her conversations with Libby. One columnist has reported that Miller has a pending million dollar book deal on the Plame leak story. [http://www.nypost.com/postopinion/editorial/54389.htm] [ [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/blog/2005/09/30/BL2005093000669.html Miller's Big Secret ] ] [ [http://powerlineblog.com/archives/011845.php Power Line: Behind the Headlines ] ] [http://www.cjrdaily.org/archives/001877.asp]
Testimony at the Libby Trial
On Tuesday January 30th 2007, Miller took the stand as a witness for the prosecution against
I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Jr., Vice President Dick Cheney's former Chief of Staff. Miller discussed three conversations she had had with Libby in June and July 2003, including the meeting on June 23, 2003 Miller said she could not remember during her first appearance in front of the Grand Jury. According to the "New York Times" when asked if Libby discussed Valerie Plame, Miller responded in the affirmative, "adding that Mr. Libby had said Ms. Wilson worked at the agency’s (C.I.A.) division that dealt with limiting the proliferation of unconventional weapons." [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/31/washington/31libby.html?hp&ex=1170306000&en=4abd0f1b7056947a&ei=5094&partner=homepage Reporter Who Was Jailed Testifies in Libby Case - New York Times ] ]
The trial resulted in guilty verdicts for Mr. Libby.
*"One, by One, by One: Facing the Holocaust", Simon & Schuster (1990) ISBN 0-671-64472-6
*"Saddam Hussein & the Crisis in the Gulf" (with
Laurie Mylroie) Random House USA Inc (1990) ISBN 0-09-989860-8
*"Germs: Biological Weapons and America's Secret War" (with
William Broadand Stephen Engelberg) Simon & Schuster (2001) ISBN 0-684-87158-0
*"God Has Ninety Nine Names: Reporting from a Militant Middle East", Simon & Schuster (1997) ISBN 0684832283
* [http://www.judithmiller.org Judith Miller's Web site]
* [http://www.city-journal.org/author_index.php?author=573 Juduth Miller articles for "City Journal"]
* [http://www.russbaker.com/'Scoops'%20and%20Truth%20at%20the%20Times.htm Scoops and Truth at the Times] by
Russ Baker("The Nation", June 5, 2003)
* [http://www.russbaker.com/The%20Nation%20%20Comment%20%20Miller's%20UN%20Reporting%20%20Russ%20Baker.htm Miller's UN Reporting] by
Russ Baker("The Nation", March 31, 2005]
* Judith Miller, [http://www.opinionjournal.com/editorial/feature.html?id=110008381 How Gadhafi Lost His Groove] , Wall Street Journal, May 16, 2006 (first day of a two-day essay investigating the U.S. foreign policy towards Libya over several administrations and resulting in Libya's abandonment of a nuclear arms program and support for terrorism).
* Judith Miller, [http://www.opinionjournal.com/editorial/feature.html?id=110008386 Gadhafi's Leap of Faith] , Wall Street Journal, May 17, 2006 (second day of a two-day essay investigating the U.S. foreign policy towards Libya over several administrations and resulting in Libya's abandonment of a nuclear arms program and support for terrorism).
* Judith Miller. [http://www.realdemocracy.com/abomb.htm U.S. Says Hussein Intensifies Quest for A-Bomb Parts] , "New York Times", September 8, 2002.
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/09/business/09cnd-miller.html?hp&ex=1131598800&en=aa22f7f4baa8dc94&ei=5094&partner=homepage "Times and Reporter Reach Agreement on Her Departure"] (November 9, 2005)
* [http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/spj/miller.asp "Judith Miller speaks at the convention of the Society of Professional Journalists"] (October 18, 2005)
* [http://www.wsws.org/articles/2005/oct2005/mill-o06.shtml "New York Times reporter Judith Miller testifies on exposure of CIA agent"] by Bill Van Auken
* [http://www.sourcewatch.org/wiki.phtml?title=Judith_Miller "Judith Miller"] (
* [http://www.voltairenet.org/article30050.html Profile : Judith Miller]
Voltaire Network, March 5, 2004.
* [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/blog/2005/09/30/BL2005093000669_pf.html "Miller's Big Secret"] by Dan Froomkin ("The Washington Post", September 30, 2005)
* [http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A28385-2003Jun24?language=printer "Embedded Reporter's Role In Army Unit's Actions Questioned by Military"] by Howard Kurtz ("The Washington Post", June 25, 2003)
* [http://www.thenation.com/doc.mhtml?i=19960812&s=said "A Devil Theory of Islam"]
Edward Said's commentary on Miller's writings ("The Nation")
* [http://www.chicagodefender.com/page/commentary.cfm?ArticleID=2279 "Judith Miller and Jayson Blair"] by Margaret Kimberly ("Chicago Defender")
* [http://www.counterpunch.org/cockburn08182003.html "Judy Miller's War"] by
Alexander Cockburn(" Counterpunch", August 18, 2003)
* [http://www.salon.com/news/feature/2004/05/27/times/index.html "Not Fit to Print"] by James C. Moore ("Salon", May 27, 2004)
* [http://www.ifex.org/en/content/view/full/67760/ "Confidentiality of Journalists' Sources Under Threat"] - IFEX
* [http://thecommonills.blogspot.com/2005/01/parody-rudith-miller-weighs-in-on.html "Rudith Miller on Judith (Parody)"] (' 'The Common Ills' ')
* [http://newyorkmetro.com/nymetro/news/media/features/9226/ "The Source of the Trouble"] , by Franklin Foer ("
New York Magazine", June 7, 2004)
* [http://www.gvnews.net/html/DailyNews/alert4324.html Daniel Forbes "Pulitzer Prize-Winning Reporter Crosses The NY Times' Line of 'Strict Neutrality'"]
* (Arianna) "
Huffington Post" [http://www.huffingtonpost.com/arianna-huffington/ continuing series on Miller's possible self-interest in nondisclosure.]
* [http://www.newsfollowup.com/leakgate1.htm Plamegate timeline, AIPAC / Franklin Pentagon mole indictment, Niger yellowcake connections? at NewsFollowUp.com] .
* [http://www.the-hutton-inquiry.org.uk/content/com/com_4_0076.pdf Email] sent by Dr David Kelly to Judith Miller on July 17, 2003 (the morning of Kelly's alleged suicide)
* [http://www.indypendent.org/?p=775 "Missing Nukes? It’s Miller Time"] , The Indypendent, July 4, 2003
* [http://bloggingheads.tv/video.php?id=313 Video interview of Miller] by
Jacqueline Shireon BloggingHeads.tv
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