- Tourism in Wales
Walesis an emerging tourist destination, with 8,078,900 visitors to National Trust and Welsh Tourist Boarddestinations in 2002. [http://www.wales.gov.uk/keypubstatisticsforwales/content/publication/compendia/2003/dws2003/dws2003-ch10/dws2003-t10-36.xls]
tourismin Wales supported over 100,000 service-sector jobs, more than 8% of total employees in Wales. The most popular activities undertaken by tourists in Wales were walking, shopping, and visiting historic attractions, museums and galleries. Over 1.1 million trips were made to Wales by overseas tourists in 2006. The main countries of origin of overseas visitors were the Republic of Ireland, USA, and Germany. [ [http://new.wales.gov.uk/topics/tourism/research1/fast-facts/?lang=en Welsh Assembly Government | Fast facts ] ]
Cardiffis the most popular area in Wales for tourists, with 9.6 million day visitors in 2004, an increase of 8.4%, and provides 8,400 full time jobs. In the same year, tourists spent the most money in Gwynedd, followed by Conwyand Cardiff. [http://www.newswales.co.uk/index.php?section=Tourism&F=1&id=7860 News Wales: Cardiff visitors spent £456 million]
Reasons for tourism in Wales
Wales' history and culture have been exploited to attract tourists. The scars of the industrial revolutioncan still be seen on parts of the Welsh landscape today. The Museum of Welsh Life, which focuses largely on the industrial past of Wales, is currently the most popular tourist attraction in Wales, attracting over 600,000 visitors annually. Other historical destinations, such as the many castles - most of them built after English conquest during the reign of Edward I - across Wales, also attract large numbers of tourists.
The varied landscape of Wales also helps tourism. There are three national parks in Wales, the
Brecon Beacons National Park, Snowdonia National Parkand Pembrokeshire Coast National Park. Popular activities at the national parks include hill walking, hiking, canoeing, hang gliding, kayakingand climbing. Wales is also becoming increasingly popular for 'extreme' sports, such as surfing, mountain bikingand downhill cycling(in which Wales hosts the 'Dragon Downhill Series'). The terrain of Wales has also attracted the World Rally Championship(WRC). The Wales Rally GBis held annually. The 2005 Wales Rally GB saw the first WRC stage to be set indoors, at the Millennium Stadium.
Cardiff, the regenerated Cardiff Bayarea, commonly shown on the cult TV series Doctor Whoand the location for the spin off programme Torchwood, is one of the most popular destinations.
Another increasingly popular reason for going to
Wales, as with the rest of the UK—especially by those from North America—is genealogy, with many visitors coming to Wales to explore their family and ancestral roots. 1.8 million United Statescitizens are estimated to have Welsh ancestral roots, including former presidents, Abraham Lincolnand Thomas Jefferson. [http://www.euroamericans.net/euroamericans.net/census2000.htm]
History of tourism in Wales
Wye Valleywitnessed the birth of British tourismin the eighteenth century. The area became widely known following the publication in 1782 of "Observations on the River Wye" by the Reverend William Gilpin. The first illustrated tour guide to be published in Britain, it helped travellers locate and enjoy the most " picturesque" aspects of the countryside, such as Tintern Abbey. The Wye Valley's particular attraction was its river scenery, and the many guidebooks, engravings and paintings ensured a continuing steady stream of visitors which grew after the building of a new turnpike road up the valley in 1822 and the opening of a rail line in 1865.
George Borrowwrote " Wild Wales" in 1862 it is clear from his descriptions that the notion of tourism in more mountainous parts of Wales hardly existed except for the most intrepid traveller. Indeed he records that many locals regarded the mountainous and wild landscapes as monstrous and ugly rather than romantic or picturesque. It was only as the Victorian eradeveloped that the concept of mountains and valleys as both interesting and visually pleasing landscapes developed. North Walesin particular benefitted from this changed vision with development of towns and villages such as Betws-y-Coedto accommodate the increasing numbers of visitors.
The changing face of industrialisation in the North West of
Englandand in the Midlands, with increasing pay rates and the provision of paid time off for industrial workers, allowed many people to enjoy an annual holiday for the first time. Many chose to visit the seaside and resorts such as Llandudno, Prestatynand Rhylin North Wales, Aberystwythand Barmouthin Mid Walesand Barry, Tenby, Swanseaand Penarthin South Walesas well as many others were developed to cope with this burgeoning new trend.
Walesis connected to the rest of the United Kingdom(its principal tourist market) by road, rail and domestic flights. The M4 Motorwayconnects South and West Wales to Southern Englandand London. The A55 roadis the principal route linking North Walesto North West England.
There are numerous rail links between Wales and England, including services from Cardiff Central, Newport High Street and Swansea to London Paddington, and from Cardiff Central to Portsmouth, Gloucester, Manchester Picadilly, Nottingham and Newcastle. Cardiff Central offers connections to the
South Wales Valleys, the Vale of Glamorganand West Wales, and Swansea offers connections to additional stations in West Wales. There are direct services from London and Birmingham to Holyhead via the North Wales Coast. Internally, there are services from Cardiff to Holyhead. Cardiff International Airportis the main international gateway to South Wales, offering international and domestic flights. There are a number of budget airlinesoperating out of Cardiff, which are increasingly popular with tourists from within the European Union.Fact|date=March 2008 Internally, there are twice daily return flights from Cardiff to Anglesey with Highland Airways.
The country is also connected to the
Republic of Irelandand Northern Irelandby car ferry services operating daily from a number of Welsh ports, principally Holyhead. These services are frequent and usually operated aboard fast ferries.
Tourist destinations in Wales
There are several towns and cities that are popular with tourists and visitors in Wales.
Cardiffis the capital and largest city. Cardiff Bayis the site of the Wales Millennium Centre, a venue for the performing arts. The city's other major tourist attractions include Cardiff Castle, Millennium Stadium, National Museum Cardiff, Museum of Welsh Life, Cardiff Bay, Techniquest, Senedd, Pierhead Building, Castell Coch, Llandaff Cathedral, St. David's Cathedral and St. David's Spa
Swanseais the second-largest city. Its attractions include the National Waterfront Museum, Dylan Thomas Centre, Plantasia, the Mumbles, Oystermouth Castleand Swansea Bayitself.
Newportis the third-largest city in Wales. An influx of visitors are expected in 2010when the city hosts golf's Ryder Cup, at the Celtic Manor Resort. Attractions include Tredegar Houseand Gardens, the Transporter Bridge, the ancient Roman fortress at Caerleon, St. Woolos Cathedral, the Westgate Hotel. The Big Pit National Coal Museumis located at Blaenavon, 15 miles to the north.
St David'sin Pembrokeshireis the UK's smallest city and resting place of St Davidand gateway to the Pembrokeshirecoast and Pembrokeshire Coast Path.
*Bangor is between the mountains of
Snowdoniaand the Menai Straitand close to Anglesey. Bangor lies at the western end of the North Wales Path, a 60 mile long-distance coastal walking route, and is close to the Menai Suspension Bridge, one of the first modern suspension bridges in the world.
There are several features of the Welsh landscape that are popular with visitors:
*Mount Snowdon in
Snowdoniais the highest mountain in Walesand a popular mountaineering destination.
Pen y Fanis the highest peak in the Brecon Beaconsin South Wales.
Wye Valley AONBincludes Tintern Abbeyand Chepstow Castle.
Offa's Dyke Pathis a long distance footpathon the English border in the historic Welsh Marches.
Taff Trailis a foot and cycle path running along the River Taffthrough the city and countryside, from Cardiff Bayto Brecon.
Glyndŵr's Wayis a long-distance trailbetween Knightonand Welshpoolin Powys.
Gower peninsulais the first area in the United Kingdomto be designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, in 1956. It is has a number of castles and sandy beaches, some easily accessible by car, some relatively remote.
Museums in Wales
Tourism in England
Tourism in Scotland
* [http://www.attractionsnorthwales.co.uk/ Attractions North Wales] (Funded by Tourism Partnership North Wales)
* [http://www.visitwales.com Visit Wales]
* [http://www.visitwales.co.uk Visit Wales - UK Short Break Holidays]
* [http://new.wales.gov.uk/topics/tourism/?lang=en Welsh Assembly Government]
* [http://www.rarebits.co.uk/index.php Welsh Luxury Hotels and Country Houses - Welsh Rarebits Website]
* [http://www.little-places.co.uk/ B&B's and Small Hotels in Wales - Great Little Places Website]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Tourism in England — Tourism plays a significant part in the economic life of England.Many English people travel abroad, which takes money out of the country.However, many other people come to England as tourists, and this is economically beneficial. There is… … Wikipedia
Wales — This article is about the country. For other uses, see Wales (disambiguation) … Wikipedia
Tourism in Scotland — Scotland is a well developed tourist destination, with tourism generally being responsible for sustaining 200,000 jobs mainly in the service sector, with tourist spending averaging at £4bn per year [http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Tourism] .… … Wikipedia
Tourism in the United Kingdom — The United Kingdom is the world s 6th biggest tourist destination, with 24.8 million tourists visiting in 2003. US$17.2 billion was spent in the UK by tourists.For more information on tourism in the United Kingdom please see the articles for the… … Wikipedia
Tourism in Cyprus — Tourism occupies a dominant position in the economy of Cyprus. Cyprus Tourism In 2006 it was expected to contribute 10.7% of GDP. in real terms it generated CYP£2,598.2 mn (US$5,445.0 mn) (annual 2006). total employment was estimated at… … Wikipedia
Wales — /waylz/, n. a division of the United Kingdom, in SW Great Britain. 2,766,800; 8016 sq. mi. (20,760 sq. km). Medieval, Cambria. * * * I Welsh Cymru Principality, constituting an integral part of the United Kingdom. It occupies a peninsula on the… … Universalium
Tourism — Tourist redirects here. For other uses, see Tourist (disambiguation). Summer Visitors by Maurice Prendergast (1897) Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defi … Wikipedia
Tourism in Melbourne — Flinders Street Station Melbourne, located in southeastern Australia, is a major Australian tourist destination as well as the country s second most populous city. In 2009 the city was visited by approximately 15.9 million domestic and 1.4… … Wikipedia
Tourism in New Caledonia — New Caledonia was largely indifferent to tourists ... as long as nickel mining remained economically dominant [ Douglas, N. and Douglas, N. (1996) Tourism in the Pacific: Historical factors in Hall, C.M. and Page, S.J. (eds.) Tourism in the… … Wikipedia
Tourism in Croatia — A portion of the Walls of Dubrovnik that have protected a maritime city state of Dubrovnik one of Croatia s most popular tourist destinations … Wikipedia