- St Fagans National History Museum
St Fagans National History Museum Sain Ffagan Amgueddfa Werin Cymru
The manor house of St Fagans Castle
Established 1948 Location St. Fagans, Cardiff, Wales Visitor figures
St Fagans National History Museum (Welsh: Sain Ffagan: Amgueddfa Werin Cymru), commonly referred to as St Fagans after the village where it is located, is an open-air museum in Cardiff chronicling the historical lifestyle, culture and architecture of the Welsh people. The museum is part of Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales.
It comprises over thirty re-erected buildings from various locations in Wales, and is set in the grounds of St Fagans Castle, an Elizabethan manor house. In 2011 Which? magazine named the museum the United Kingdom's favourite visitor attraction.
The museum was started in 1946 following the donation of the castle and lands by the Earl of Plymouth. It opened its doors to the public in 1948, under the name of the Welsh Folk Museum. The museum's name in Welsh (also meaning "Welsh Folk Museum") has remained unchanged since that date, whereas the English title has been modified once to Museum of Welsh Life, and again to its current nomenclature.
The brainchild of Iorwerth Peate, the museum was modelled on Skansen, the outdoor museum of vernacular Swedish architecture in Stockholm. Most structures re-erected in Skansen were built of wood and are thus easily taken apart and reassembled, but a comparable museum in Wales was naturally going to be more ambitious as much of the vernacular architecture of Wales is made of masonry.
Buildings and exhibits
The museum includes over forty buildings which represent the architecture of Wales, including a nonconformist chapel (in this case, Unitarian), a village schoolhouse, a Toll road tollbooth (below), a cockpit (below), a pigsty (below) and a tannery (below).
The museum holds displays of traditional crafts with a working blacksmith's forge, a pottery, a weaver, miller and clog maker. It also includes two working water mills: one flour mill and one wool mill. Part of the site includes a small working farm which concentrates on preserving local Welsh native breeds of livestock. Produce from the museum's bakery and flour mill is available for sale.
The medieval parish church of Saint Teilo (below) formerly at Llandeilo Tal-y-bont in west Glamorgan (restored to its pre-Reformation state), is the Museum's latest building, opened in October 2007 by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams. Though the museum was intended to preserve aspects of Welsh rural life, it now includes several buildings that depict the industrial working life that succeeded it, itself almost extinct in Wales. There is a row of workmen's cottages, depicting furnishing from 1800–1985, from Rhyd-y-car near Merthyr Tydfil (below), as well as the pristine Oakdale Workmen's Institute (below). A post-war prefabricated bungalow (below) has even been erected on the grounds.
Since 1996 the Museum has hosted the Everyman Summer Theatre Festival which re-located from Dyffryn Gardens. This festival, which includes a Shakespeare play, a Musical, an English language Children's Show and a Welsh language Children's show (directed principally at primary schools) has become part of Welsh theatrical calendar.
Terraced gardens of St Fagans castle
The Celtic village
Oakdale Workmen's institute
Inside the cockpit
Saint Teilos church
- ^ "Visits made in 2010 to visitor attractions in membership with ALVA". Association of Leading Visitor Attractions. http://www.alva.org.uk/visitor_statistics/. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- ^ Clare Hutchinson (29 September 2011). "National History Museum at St Fagans soars to the top of UK's favourite tourist sites". WalesOnline. http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/2011/09/29/national-history-museum-at-st-fagans-soars-to-the-top-of-uk-s-favourite-tourist-sites-91466-29507382/. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- Castles-of-wales.com, St Fagans Castle
- Official website
- BBC Wales site including panoramic views of buildings in the museum
- Everyman Theatre
- Geograph.co.uk, photos of St Fagans Museum
- St Fagans National History Museum at Gathering the Jewels
- Celebration of St Dwynwen's day in Wales
Museums and art galleries in Wales National Museum Wales History
Isca Augusta · Roman Baths Museum
Galleries and art Industry Military Local history Motoring Railways Maritime
Holyhead Maritime Museum · National Coracle Centre
Sport Landmarks and visitor attractions in Cardiff Tallest buildings in Cardiff LandmarksWales Millennium Centre • Millennium Stadium • Pierhead Building • Senedd • St David's Hall • St David's Hotel & Spa • Ninian Park • SWALEC Stadium • Cardiff International Sports Stadium • Cardiff City Stadium • Cardiff Central Library • Temple of Peace • Llandaff Cathedral • Central Market • Welsh National War Memorial • Animal Wall • Alliance Visitor attractionsNational Museum Cardiff • St Fagans National History Museum • Cardiff Castle • Castell Coch • 2 Glynrhondda Street • Cardiff Bay • Cardiff Centenary Walk • Cardiff International Pool • Cardiff International Sports Village • Cardiff International White Water • Doctor Who Exhibition Centre • Mermaid Quay • Museum of the Welsh Soldier • Norwegian Church • Red Dragon Centre • Techniquest Economy and industry of Cardiff Company and
headquarters118 118 • Admiral Group • BBC Cymru Wales • Brains Brewery • Clark's Pies • Cube Interactive • IQE • ITV Wales • Julian Hodge Bank • Media Wales • Peacocks • Peski Records • Placid Casual • Principality Building Society • See Monkey Do Monkey • S4C • The Barcud Derwen Group • Target Group • Advanced Transport Systems • Veritair • WJEC • Wales Social Partners Unit • Welsh National Opera
sector employersCardiff and Vale University Health Board • Cardiff Bus • Cardiff Council • Cardiff University • Coleg Glan Hafren • Department of Trade and Industry • HM Revenue and Customs • National Assembly for Wales Commission • University of Glamorgan • University of Wales Institute, Cardiff • Welsh Assembly Government
Retail Hospitality Regeneration
Tourism Major eventsCardiff Big Weekend •1958 Commonwealth Games • FA Cup • Heineken Cup • 2012 Olympics • Rugby World Cup (1991 • 1999 • 2007 • 2015) • National Eisteddfod • Six Nations • The Ashes • Tsunami Relief Cardiff • Urdd Eisteddfod • Wales Rally GB • Sparks in the Park (Round Table Fireworks) • Michael Forever – The Tribute Concert 19th and 20th centuries
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