Post-nominal letters

Post-nominal letters

Post-nominal letters, also called post-nominal initials or post-nominal titles or designatory letters are letters placed after the name of a person to indicate that the individual holds a position, educational degree, accreditation, office, or honour. An individual may use several different sets of post-nominal letters. The order in which these are listed after a name is based on the order of precedence and category of the order. Post-nominal letters are one of the main types of name suffix.

Examples of post-nominal letters:



The order in which post-nominal letters are listed after a person's name is dictated by standard practice which may vary by region. In the UK, the Ministry of Justice recommends the following ordering:[1]

  1. Bt/Bart or Esq.
  2. Decorations and honours and decorations (in descending order of precedence)
  3. Appointments (for example, QC for Queen's Counsel, MP for member of parliament)
  4. University degrees
  5. Religious orders (for example, SSF) and medical qualifications
  6. Fellowship or membership of learned societies, academies or professional institutions (for example, RA, FRCP)
  7. Membership of the Armed Forces

According to the University of Oxford,[2] university degrees should be listed in ascending order: bachelor's degrees first, followed by master's degrees, then doctorates. Awards from the same faculty replace lower-ranking degrees (for example, John Smith, MA rather than John Smith, BA MA) However, when the awarding institutions are listed and the degrees are from different universities, lower degrees are included (such as John Smith, BA Wales MA London; but Jane Doe, MA Virginia rather than Jane Doe, BA Virginia MA Virginia).

See also


  1. ^ "Honours and Decorations". Ministry of Justice. 2008-12-04. Retrieved 2008-12-06. 
  2. ^ "Oxford University Calendar: Notes on style". University of Oxford Gazette. 2011-03-17. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

External links

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