- Pre-nominal letters
Pre-nominal letters are a
titlewhich is placed "before" the name of a person as distinct from a post-nominal title which is placed "after" the name. Examples of pre-nominal titles, for instance professional titles include: Doctor, Eur Ing(European Engineer), Ir (Ingenieur) and Professor; whilst other common social titles are Mr., Master, The Honorable, Ms., Mrs.and Miss. Pre-nominal letters are generally social, but can be professionalin nature.
Continental European countries all academic degrees were traditionally pre-nominal. Examples of pre-nominal academic degrees, for instance in the German speaking countries include: Dipl.-Ing. (Engineer's Degree), Dipl.-Kfm. (Master's degree in management), "Dipl.-Phys." (Master's degree in physics), "Dr.-Ing." (German doctorate in engineering), "Ing." (Awarded by the Authorities of the Lander-Law called Ingenieur Gesetz), "Dr.med." (German M.D.) and "Mag." (Austrian Master's degree (Magister)) in all disciplines except engineering). Due to the Bologna processmost of these pre-nominal degrees will be replaced by post-nominal Bachelor's and Master's degrees (but people who have held academic degrees before the Bologna process, may also use the pre-nominal academic degrees).
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