- Punch (drink)
name = Punch
caption = Southern Bourbon Punch
type = Mixed drink
drinkware = Often served in a punch bowl with
ingredients = Usually fruit juices and other
drink mixers, optionally with alcohol.
prep = Varies widely. Many prepared mixes are available.
Punch is a general term for any of a wide assortment of
mixed drinks, either soft or alcoholic, generally containing fruitor fruit juice. Punch is typically served at parties in large, wide bowls known as punch bowls.
The word "punch" is a
loanwordfrom Parsi. The original drink was named "panj", which is Persian for five, and the drink was made from five different ingredients: arrack, sugar, lemon, water, and teaor spices. This name was popularized by the sailors of the British East India Companyand brought back to England, and from there it was introduced into other European countries.
Alternatively, it may have derived from the word "
puncheon", a caskthat held 72 gallons, from which a punch bowl could be made.
The term "punch" was first recorded in British documents dating back to
1632. At that time, most punches were of the Wassailtype, or with a wineor brandybase, but by around 1655, when Jamaicacame out with rum, the 'modern' punch was born, and, by 1671, there are references to punch houses.
title= Punch bowl and Stand
accessdate= 2007-12-09] ]
"The Cup" — an English tradition
Cups are another type of punch. An English tradition, served before the departure of a hunting party, but today are served at a variety of social events such as garden parties,
cricketand tennismatches and at picnics. Cups are generally lower in alcohol to punches and usually have wine, cider, sloe gin, or other low alcohol liqueur as the base, and often include quantities of fruit juices and/or soft drinks.
One well known cup is the Pimm's Cup, using
Pimm's№1 and British-style Lemonadeat a ratio of 1:2, a squeeze of lemon juice, then add orange, lemon and apple slices and a couple of cucumber wedges.
There are several rum-based punches: Planter's Punch, Bajan Rum Punch, Caribbean Rum Punch, and others. The two most historical rum punches are the Planter's Punch and Bajan Rum Punch.
Bajan (Barbadian) Rum Punch is one of the oldest rum punches and has a simple recipe enshrined in a national rhyme: "One of Sour, Two of Sweet, Three of Strong, Four of Weak." That is, 1 part lime juice, 2 parts sweetener, 3 parts rum (preferrably Barbados rum), and 4 parts water. It is served with a dash or two of Angostura Bitters and Nutmeg.
The recipe of Planter's Punch vary, containing some combination of lemon juice, pineapple juice, lime juice, orange juice,
grenadine, soda water, curaçao, Angostura bitters, and cayenne peppercite book
title = Esquire Drinks
author = David Wondrich
publisher = Hearst Books
pages = 192
year = 2004
ISBN = 1588162052] .
The first known print reference to Planter's Punch is in the August 8, 1908 edition of the New York Times:
This recipe I give to thee,
Dear brother in the heat.
Take two of sour (lime let it be)
To one and a half of sweet,
Of Old Jamaica pour three strong,
And add four parts of weak.
Then mix and drink. I do no wrong —
I know whereof I speak.
Around the world
Fruit punches, such as
Hawaiian Punchor certain flavors of Kool-Aid, contain no alcohol, but may be used as drink mixers in cocktails.
In a large number of
Caribbean, Pacific or Indian Ocean countries, punch is drunk as an apéritifbefore meals.
Korean culture, " sujeonggwa" is a traditional punch made from dried persimmons, cinnamon, and ginger.
Mexico, "agua loca" (or "crazy water") is a very sweet punch usually made from fermented sugarcane, mezcal, or tequila, and mixed with aguas frescas(usually agua de Jamaica) or horchata. Due to its sweetness, the drinker may not notice the taste of the alcoholand may become intoxicated more quickly than he or she had anticipated. This drink is popular on college campuses as a cheap way to get drunk.
culture, punch (or "Punsch" in German) refers to a mixture of several fruit juices and spices, often with wineor liquoradded. Punch is popular in Germany, as well as with many Germans who emigrated to America. The traditional German Christmasoften includes a " Feuerzangenbowle" ("Burnt Punch" or, literally, "Fire Tongs Bowl"). This is a punch made from red wine, and flaming rumpoured over a "Zuckerhut" ("sugar hat"), a large conical sugar cubeplaced on the "Feuerzange" which supports it above the bowl.
Non-alcoholic mixed drinks
Punsch(an arrack-based liquor)
Ti'Punchis a rum-based mixed drink that is especially popular in French-speaking Caribbean states.
*Robert Cross, "The Classic 1000 Cocktails" (1996), ISBN 0-572-02161-5
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