Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic


Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic

Infobox SSR
name = Georgian SSR
rus-name = Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика
loc-name = საქართველოს საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა
full-name = Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
year_start = 1921
year_end = 1991
p1 = Democratic Republic of Georgia
flag_p1 = Flag of Georgia (1918-1921).svg
s1 = Georgia (country)
flag_s1 = Flag of Georgia (1990-2004).svg



arms = Coat of arms of Georgian SSR.png

capital = Tbilisi
language = Georgian, Russian, Abkhaz (in the Abkhazian ASSR) and Ossetic (in the South Ossetian AO)
Lang-ISO = ka
established = February 25 1921
ussr-start = December 30 1922
ussr-end = September 1991
area-rank = 10th
area = 69,700
water = negligible
pop-rank = 9th
pop = 4,337,600 (1989)
density = 62.2
time-zone = + 3
anthem = Anthem of Georgian SSR
medals =
The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic ( _ka. საქართველოს საბჭოთასოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა "Sak'art'velos Sabčota Soc'ialisturi Respublika"; _ru. Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика "Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika"), also known as the Georgian SSR for short, was one of the republics that made up the former Soviet Union.

Established on February 25 1921, as the Georgian SSR. From March 12 1922 to December 5 1936 it was part of the Transcaucasian SFSR together with the Armenian SSR and the Azerbaijan SSR. In 1936, the TSFSR was dissolved. Under Stalin's rule, many Georgians were executed. During this period the province was led by Lavrenti Beria, first secretary of the Georgian Central Committee of the Georgian Communist Party [.Geronti Kikodze (1954) Notes of a Contemporary, first published in 1989, Mnatobi, Issue 1, Tbilisi, Georgia.]

Under Khrushchev, the government was decentralized and the Georgian Communist Party rose in power. Alongside it, a black market economy and corruption grew. Eduard Shevardnadze worked for years to fight this corruption from the mid 1960s until 1985, when he was appointed Soviet Foreign Minister.

On October 28 1990, democratic parliamentary elections were held, and on November 15 the nation was renamed the "Republic of Georgia." It declared independence on April 9, 1991, under nationalist leader Zviad Gamsakhurdia. However, this was unrecognized by the Soviet government until September 1991.

See also

* History of the Georgian SSR

References

External links

* [http://www.archive.org/details/GeorgiaLandOfTheGoldenFleeceRevealsItsRiches "Georgia, land of the Golden Fleece, reveals its riches"] a propaganda pamphlet about the GSSR from the 1960s.


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