- Kissi language
Kissi Spoken in Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone Native speakers 327,000 (1991) Language family Language codes ISO 639-3 either:
kss – Southern Kissi
kqs – Northern Kissi
Kissi (or Kisi) is a language split into two parts, northern and southern. The northern dialect is spoken in Guinea and in Sierra Leone. In its northern form, it often uses loanwords from the Malinke and the Mende language.
In Guinea, the main places Kissi is spoken are the cities of Kissidougou and Guéckédou and their préfectures.
Grammar (northern Kissi)
Letters not in the English alphabet
Note that this is the new orthography. The old one was used in the Kissi New Testament (1986) and many documents of the time of Sekou Toure (the first President of Guinea).
IPA Description English example Kissi examples ɲ Palatal nasal consonant like French champignon or Spanish año. ɲunaa (ask) ŋ Velar nasal consonant as in 'song' [sɒŋ] o kɔɛ loŋ (He went there)
ɛ Open 'e', open-mid front unrounded vowel as in 'elderly' [ɛldərli] laossɛ (greeting)
ɔ Open 'o', open-mid back rounded vowel as in 'coin' [kɔɪn] mɔmɔ (rice)
kɔɛ (to go)
number one to ten in kissi
Kissidougou dialects preserve a distinction between /r/ and /l/ phonemes that have been merged as allophones in dialects south of Guéckédou. For instance, "la huŋ" means exactly the same as "ra huŋ". Also, "Thank you" is realized as "barika" around Kissidougou and "balika" south of Guéckédou.
/gb)/, the voiced labial-velar plosive [IPA-ɡ͡b] is a sound that doesn't exist in European languages. it is spoken like the beginning of a /g/ (like in "grow") and a /b/. Practice repeating 'beg' rapidly until it becomes 'gbe'. Theses are some examples:
gbaŋgbaŋ (name of a river in Kissidougou)
gbaala (outdoor kitchen)
maagbana (a city taxi)
gbɛŋgbɔ (a stool)
Kissi pronoun Pronunciation English pronoun Kissi example English translation y /i/ I y tyo kɔlaŋ loŋ. I'm going there. a /a/ You a tyo kɔlaŋ loŋ. You're going there. o /o/ He/She o tyo kɔlaŋ loŋ. He's going there. n /n/ We n tyo kɔlaŋ loŋ. We're going there. la /la/ You (plural) la tyo kɔlaŋ loŋ. You're going there. aa /aː/ They aa tyo kɔlaŋ loŋ. They're going there.
As you can already see from these examples, verbs aren't conjugated like English verbs, but they are inflected by tone.
Kissi pronoun Pronunciation English pronoun Kissi example English translation ya /ja/ Me o tyo ya lɔ.
yɔŋgu ya ho. / k'ya ho.
He's going to beat me.
Give me that.
nɔm /nɔm/ You y tyo nɔm lɔ. I'm going to beat you. ndu /ndu/ Him /Her y tyo ndu lɔ.
o tyo ndu pilɛ lɔ.
I'm going to beat him / her.
He's going to beat himself.
na /na/ Us o tyo na lɔ. He's going to beat us. nia /nia/ You (plural) o tyo nia lɔ. He's going to beat you. ndaa /ndaː/ Them o tyo ndaa lɔ. He's going to beat them.
Definite and indefinite articles do not exist in Kissi, so "muɛi" means "the knife" as well as "a knife". If an object has to be defined (because there are more than one, for example), "this" is used:
example: muɛi coŋ - this knife
If that is not exact enough, an object is described using adjectives.
yɔŋgu ya muɛi. / k'ya muɛi. - Give me a/the knife.
yɔŋgu ya muɛi bɛndɛi. / k'ya muɛi bɛndɛi. - Give me the big knife.
- Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.), 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version.
- G. Tucker Childs. A Grammar of Kisi, A Southern Atlantic Language. 1995. 370 pp.
- G. Tucker Childs: A Dictionary of the Kisi Language. With an English-Kisi Index
- Denise Paulme. Les Gens du Riz: Les Kissi de Haute-Guinée. Paris. Librairie Plon. 1954, 1970. 324 pp. Online version
- Linguist List article KQS Kissi-Northern
- Linguist List article KSS Kisi-Southern
- Ethnologue article KQS Kissi-Northern
- Ethnologue article KSS Kisi-Southern
- UCLA Phonetics Lab Archive - Sound Files Kissi-Northern
- Sound Files - KQS Kissi-Northern at globalrecordings.net
- Sound Files - KSS Kisi-Southern (Gissi) at globalrecordings.net
- Sound Files - The complete New Testament in Kisi (Select language "Kisi Southern")
- Sample text at language-museum.com
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Look at other dictionaries:
Kissi people — ethnic group group=The Kissi poptime=774,800 popplace= *420,000 in Guinea [http://www.joshuaproject.net/peoples.php?rop3=105051] *181,000 in Sierra Leone [http://www.joshuaproject.net/peoples.php?rop3=109485] *176,000 in Liberia… … Wikipedia
Kissi (Sprache) — Kissi Gesprochen in Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone (Westafrika) Sprecher 500.000 Linguistische Klassifikation Niger Kongo Atlantik–Kongo Limba–Mel Mel Bullom–Kissi … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kissi — kisi Parlée en Guinée, Libéria, Sierra Leone Nombre de locuteurs 500 000 à 1 million selon les évaluations Classification par famille … Wikipédia en Français
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kissi — ˈkisē noun (plural kissi or kissis) Usage: usually capitalized 1. a. : an agricultural people of French Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone … Useful english dictionary
Bullom So language — language name=Bullom So states=Guinea, Sierra Leone region=coast of Guinea, near the Sierra Leone border speakers=500 (1998); near extinction familycolor=Niger Congo fam2=Atlantic Congo fam3=Atlantic fam4=Southern fam5=Mel fam6=Bullom Kissi… … Wikipedia
Bom language — language familycolor=Niger Congo name=Bom states=Sierra Leone region=West Africa speakers=250 fam2=Atlantic Congo fam3=Atlantic fam4=Southern fam5=Mel fam6=Bullom Kissi fam7=Bullom fam8=Northern iso2=nic iso3=bmf The Bom language is an endangered … Wikipedia
Krim language — language name=Krim states=Sierra Leone region=coast of Sierra Leone speakers=fewer than 500 familycolor=Niger Congo fam2=Atlantic Congo fam3=Atlantic fam4=Southern fam5=Mel fam6=Bullom Kissi fam7=Bullom fam8=Southern iso2=nic|iso3=krmThe Krim… … Wikipedia
Sherbro language — language name=Sherbro states=Sierra Leone region=coast of Sierra Leone and Sherbro Island speakers=135,000 familycolor=Niger Congo fam2=Atlantic Congo fam3=Atlantic fam4=Southern fam5=Mel fam6=Bullom Kissi fam7=Bullom fam8=Southern… … Wikipedia
Northern Kissi — ISO 639 3 Code : kqs ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living … Names of Languages ISO 639-3