Nefteyugansk


Nefteyugansk

Coordinates: 61°05′N 72°42′E / 61.083°N 72.7°E / 61.083; 72.7

Coat of arms of Nefteyugansk

Nefteyugansk (Russian: Нефтеюга́нск) is a city in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located south of the Ob River, close to the larger city of Surgut. Population: 123,276 (2010 Census preliminary results);[1] 107,830 (2002 Census);[2] 93,930 (1989 Census).[3]

It is currently served by Surgut International Airport.

It was founded on October 16, 1967, after an oil field had been discovered on a small forest clearing in the middle of the taiga marshland in 1961. The main and the only big enterprise in the city Yuganskneftegaz was founded in February 1966. The name 'Yugansk' comes from the indigenous Khanty name of a small river near the city, nefte means oil in Russian, and gaz is natural gas. The economy of the city remains petroleum-based, and was a major center for the Russian oil enterprise YUKOS, which owned Yuganskneftegaz. In fact, the "Yu" in "YUKOS" comes from the "yu" in "Nefteyugansk" and therefore from "Yuganskneftegaz". The other three letters come from the oil-refining factory "Kuibyshev-Org-Sintez", situated in Samara.

In June 1998, a city mayor, Vladimir Petukhov, was shot dead on the way to his office. There are two main versions for his murder: some believe Petukhov was shot because he started a conflict with Yukos, with the second version saying mayor was killed by gangsters who operated a local city market, which Petukhov shut down. On September 20, a deputy mayor of Nefteyugansk, Dmitry Yegortsev, was assaulted and wounded with a knife. Another deputy mayor, Igor Gribanov, died in fire at his home in 2006.[1]

Since January 2005, Yuganskneftegaz has been owned by the state-owned oil company Rosneft.

Twin cities

References

  1. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  2. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  3. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 

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