Infobox German Location
Art = Town
Wappen = Wappen Hansestadt Anklam V2.svg
lat_deg = 53 | lat_min = 51 | lat_sec=0
lon_deg = 13 | lon_min = 41 | lon_sec=0
Lageplan = Anklam_in_OVP.png
Bundesland = Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Landkreis = Ostvorpommern
Höhe = 5
Fläche = 41.65
Einwohner = 14092
Stand = 2006-12-31
PLZ = 17389
PLZ-alt = 2140
Vorwahl = 03971
Kfz = OVP
Gemeindeschlüssel = 13 0 59 002
Adresse = Markt 3
Website = [http://www.anklam.de/ www.anklam.de]
Bürgermeister = Michael Galander
Partei = parteilos
Anklam is a town in
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany, situated on the banks of the Peeneriver, 8 km from its mouth in the Kleines Haff, and 85 km northwest of Szczecin, on the railway to Stralsund. It is the capital of the district of Ostvorpommern. Population: 14,603 (2005).
The fortifications of Anklam were dismantled in 1762 and have not since been restored, although the old walls are still standing; formerly, however, it was a town of considerable military importance, which suffered severely during the Thirty Years', Seven Years' and
Second World Wars; and this fact, together with the repeated ravages of fire and of the plague, has made its history more eventful than is usually the case with towns of the same size. It does not possess any remarkable buildings, although it contains several, private as well as public, that are of a quaint and picturesque style of architecture. The church of St Mary (12th century) has a modern tower, 50 m high. The industries consist of iron foundries and factories for sugar and soap; and there is a military school. The Peene is navigable up to the town, which has a considerable trade in its own manufactures, as well as in the produce of the surrounding country, while some shipbuilding is carried on at wharves on the river.
Anklam was founded at the site of a former Slavic fortress during the medieval German
Ostsiedlung. First named after the locator Tanglim, it obtained German town lawin 1244. In 1283, it became a member of the Hanseatic League. Although the town was a rather small and non-influential town compared with other Hanseatic cities, the membership brought wealth and prosperity to Anklam.
The decline of Anklam began with the
Thirty Years' War, when Swedish and Imperial troops battled almost twenty years for Anklam. After the war, the town became a part of Swedish Pomerania(1648), but in 1676 was taken by Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg, and in 1713 it was plundered by the Russian Empire.
The southern parts of the town, were ceded to the
Kingdom of Prussiaby the peace of Stockholm in 1720, while the smaller part north of the Peene River remained Swedish. Anklam was a divided town until 1815, when all of Western Pomeraniabecame Prussian as well within the Province of Pomerania.
Anklam was severely destroyed during the last days of
World War II, when the advancing Soviets burned and leveled most of the town. After Prussia and her Pomeranian province were dissolved, Anklam became part of the East German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, that was soon to be dissolved, too. Anklam then was within the district of Neubrandenburg. The town was reerected in a rather uniform socialist style.
Since the 1990
reunification of Germany, Anklam is within the re-created state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
*Museum im Steintor (local history)
Sons and daughters of the town
Christian Andreas Cothenius, prominent physician
Heinrich Hannover, German jurist and author
Ulrich von Hassell, German diplomat and anti-Nazi resistance fighter
Ludwig von Henk, German vice-admiral
Gustav Lilienthal, German master builder and social reformer
Otto Lilienthal, German aviation pioneer
Günter Schabowski, German politician
Matthias Schweighöfer, German actor
Max Wagenknecht, German composer
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Anklam — Original name in latin Anklam Name in other language Anklam, Anklama, Gorad Anklam, QKQ, Taglim, Tglim, an ke la mu, anklam, Анклам, Горад Анклам State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 53.85637 latitude 13.68965 altitude 8… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
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