- Peace of Pressburg
The Peace of Pressburg refers to four peace treaties concluded in Pressburg (today
Bratislava, Slovakia). The fourth Peace of Pressburg of 1805 during the Napoleonic Warsis the best-known.
The first Peace of Pressburg was signed on
July 2, 1271between King Ottokar II of Bohemiaand King Stephen V of Hungary. Under this agreement, Hungary renounced its claims on parts of present-day Austriaand Slovenia, and Bohemia renounced its claims on territories conquered in Hungary.
The second Peace of Pressburg (also known as the Treaty of Pressburg and the Treaty of Bratislava) was signed on
November 7, 1491between Emperor Maximilian I and King Vladislaus II of Hungary. Under this agreement, Vladislaus renounced his claim on Lower Austriaand agreed that Maximilian should succeed to the Hungarian crown if Vladislaus left no legitimate male issue. Vladislaus did have a son in 1506 however, so this condition had no effect.
The third Peace of Pressburg was signed on
December 30, 1626between Gabriel Bethlenof Transylvania, the leader of an uprising against the Habsburg Monarchyfrom 1619-1626, and Emperor Ferdinand II. The agreement put an end to the revolt by confirming the Peace of Nikolsburg( December 31 1621). In return, Bethlen agreed not to fight against the emperor anymore, nor would he ally with the Ottoman Turks.
The Peace of Pressburg (also known as the Treaty of Pressburg; _de. Preßburger Frieden; _fr. Traité de Presbourg) was signed on
December 26, 1805between Franceand Austria as a consequence of the Austrian defeats by France at Ulm ( September 25– October 20) and Austerlitz ( December 2). A truce was agreed on December 4and negotiations for the treaty began. The treaty was signed at the Primate's Palacein Pressburg (Bratislava) by Johann I Josef, Prince of Liechtensteinand Count Ignác Gyulaifor Austria and Charles Maurice de Talleyrand for France. It is also known as the Fourth Peace of Pressburg.
Beyond the clauses establishing "peace and amity" and the Austrian withdrawal from the
Third Coalition, the treaty also took substantial European territories from Austria. The gains of the previous treaties of Campo Formio and Lunéville were reiterated and Austrian holdings in Italy and Bavaria were ceded to France. Certain Austrian holdings in Germanywere passed to French allies — the King of Bavaria, the King of Württembergand the Elector of Baden. Austrian claims on those German states were renounced without exception. The most notable territorial exchanges concerned the Tyroland Vorarlbergwhich came to Bavaria, and Venetia, Istria, and Dalmatiawhich were incorporated in the Kingdom of Italy of which Napoleon had become king earlier that year. Augsburg was ceded to Bavaria. As a minor compensation, Austria received the Electorate of Salzburg.
The treaty marked the effective end of the
Holy Roman Empire. Francis II became instead Emperor Francis I of Austria and a new entity, the Confederation of the Rhine, was later created by Napoleon. An indemnityof 40 million francs to France was also included in the treaty.
History of Bratislava
List of treaties
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