Treaty of Campo Formio

Treaty of Campo Formio

The Treaty of Campo Formio was signed on October 17, 1797 (26 Vendémiaire, Year VI of the French Republic) by Napoleon Bonaparte and Count Ludwig von Coblenz as representatives of France and Austria. It marked the collapse of the First Coalition, the victorious conclusion to Napoleon's campaigns in Italy and the end of the first phase of the Napoleonic Wars.

Beyond the usual clauses of "firm and inviolable peace" the treaty passed a number of Austrian territories into French hands. Lands ceded included the Austrian Netherlands (now Belgium) and certain islands in the Mediterranean, including Corfu and other Venetian islands in the Adriatic. Venice and its territories (Venetia) were divided between the two states: Venice, Istria and Dalmatia were turned over to the Austrian emperor. Austria recognized the Cisalpine Republic and the newly-created Ligurian Republic, formed of Genovese territories, as independent powers.

The treaty also contained non-public clauses, which divided up certain other territories, made Liguria independent, and also agreed to the extension of the borders of France up to the Rhine, the Nette, and the Roer. Free French navigation was guaranteed on the Rhine, the Meuse and the Moselle. The French Republic had been expanded into Germany and Italy's natural boundaries.

The treaty was composed and signed after five months of negotiations. It was basically what had been agreed earlier at the Peace of Leoben in April 1797, but the negotiations had been spun out by both parties for a number of reasons. During the negotiating period the French had to crush a royalist coup in September. This was used as a cause for the arrest and deportation of royalist and moderate deputies in the Directory.

Napoleon's biographer, Felix Markham, wrote "the partition of Venice was not only a moral blot on the peace settlement but left Austria a foothold in Italy, which could only lead to further war." In fact the Peace of Campo Formio, though it reshaped the map of Europe and marked a major step in Napoleon's fame, was only a respite.

As a result of the treaty, Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, a prisoner from the French revolution, was released from Austrian captivity.

Campo Formio, now called Campoformido, was a village west of Udine in north-eastern Italy; the treaty was signed at an inn there.

ee also

*List of treaties
*Italian campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars

External links

* [ The Columbia Encyclopedia (2001) - Treaty of Campo Formio]
* [ Treaty of Campo Formio] (extracts in English)
* [ Background to the Treaty]
* [ Istria Military - The Town of Rijeka and the Contingencies of Napoleonic Warfare in the Years 1796-1797]

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См. также в других словарях:

  • Campo Formio (Paris Métro) — Infobox Paris metro Name=Campo Formio Day=June 2 Year=1906 Access=106/112, boul. de l Hôpital Municipality=the 13th arrondissement of Paris Zone=1 Next= X=156 Y=124Campo Formio is a station of the Paris Métro, serving line 5.The name refers to… …   Wikipedia

  • Campo Formio, Treaty of — (Oct. 17, 1797) Peace settlement between France and Austria, signed at Campo Formio (now Campoformido, Italy) following Austria s defeat in Napoleon s first Italian campaign. The treaty preserved most of the French conquests and completed… …   Universalium

  • Campo Formio — /kahm paw fawrdd myaw/ a village in Friuli Venezia Giulia, in NE Italy, NW of Trieste: treaty between Austria and France 1797. 4495. Modern, Campoformido /kahm paw fawrdd mee daw/. * * * …   Universalium

  • CAMPO-FORMIO —    a village near Udine, in Venetia, where a treaty was concluded between France and Austria in 1797, by which the Belgian provinces and part of Lombardy were ceded to France, and certain Venetian States to Austria in return …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Campo Formio — /kæmpoʊ ˈfɔmioʊ/ (say kampoh fawmeeoh) noun a village in north eastern Italy, in Friuli Venezia Giulia; treaty between France and Austria, 1797. Modern, Campoformido /kæmpoʊˈfɔmədoʊ (say kampoh fawmuhdoh) …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Campo Formio — /kahm paw fawrdd myaw/ a village in Friuli Venezia Giulia, in NE Italy, NW of Trieste: treaty between Austria and France 1797. 4495. Modern, Campoformido /kahm paw fawrdd mee daw/ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Treaty of Lunéville — The Holy Roman Empire after the Treaty of Lunéville The Treaty of Lunéville was signed on 9 February 1801 between the French Republic and the Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, negotiating both on behalf of his own domains and of the Holy Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • treaty — /tree tee/, n., pl. treaties. 1. a formal agreement between two or more states in reference to peace, alliance, commerce, or other international relations. 2. the formal document embodying such an international agreement. 3. any agreement or… …   Universalium

  • Treaty of Leoben — The Treaty of Leoben (also known as the Peace of Leoben) was signed on April 17, 1797 by Napoleon Bonaparte. It was a preliminary accord that contained many secret clauses. From these clauses, Austria would lose Belgium and Lombardy in exchange… …   Wikipedia

  • Pressburg, Treaty of — (Dec. 26, 1805) Agreement signed by Austria and France at Pressburg (now Bratislava, Slvk.) after Napoleon s victories at the Battles of Ulm and Austerlitz. Austria gave up Venetia to Napoleon s kingdom of Italy and the Tirol and Vorarlberg to… …   Universalium

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